Rulers are to rule in equity (Ps. 99:4; Prov. 17:26). While even the humblest believer can recognize the rightness or wrongness of a case laid before him (1 Cor. 6), yet we are to exercise our senses in order to be able to discern good and evil in greater maturity (Heb. 5:14), especially as we are called to as mothers and fathers, elders and those who hold offices in business or the civil government.
History has bequeathed to us an extensive and profound collection of writings elaborating on what constitutes equity according to Natural Law. This is a field in which believers can learn a lot in from natural men.
Many books of Church order are surprisingly sparse with respect to guidance in many particulars. Rather than making things up as one goes, expand your awareness of the principles of equity and justice:
Specifically, we have been happily surprised with how much profit, spiritual as well as natural, we have found in collections of Legal Maxims.
“He loveth righteousness and judgment…”