On the Scottish Covenanters

Under Construction



Wodrow Society Publications



Stevenson, David – Scottish Church History, 1600-1660, a Select Critical Bibliography  1982  11 pp.

McCaffrey, John – Scottish Church History in the Nineteenth Century: a Select Critical Bibliography  1989  20 pp.

Kirk, James – The Scottish Reformation and Reign of James VI: a Select Critical Bibliography  1987  45 pp.

Dilworth, Mark – The Counter-Reformation in Scotland: a Select Critical Bibliography  1984  18 pp.

Forbes-Leith, W. – Pre-Reformation Scholars in Scotland in the 16th Century, their Writings and their Public Services with a Bibliography and a List of graduates from 1500-1560  1915  205 pp.



General Works

Barr, James. The Scottish Covenanters. Glasgow: John Smith and Son, 1946

M’Crie, Thomas

The Life of Andrew Melville: Containing Illustrations of the Ecclesiastical and Literary History of Scotland during the latter part of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century, with an Appendix consisting of Original Papers, vol. 1, vol. 2  Buy  1824  532 & 570 pp.

The Life of John Knox: containing illustrations of the history of the Reformation in Scotland containing illustrations of the History, of the Reformation in Scotland.  With Biographical Notices of the Principal Reformers and Sketches of Progress of Literature in Scotland during the 16th Century, and an Appendix Consisting of Original Papers,  Buy  1840  550 pp.

Miscellaneous Writings, Chiefly Historical  1841  688 pp.



Reference Works

Cameron, Nigel M. de S., David F. Wright, David C. Lachman, and Donald E. Meek (eds.). Dictionary of Scottish Church History & Theology. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1993.

Devine, T.M., and Jenny Wormald (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.


Illustrated Guide

Campbell, Thorbjörn. Standing Witnesses: An Illustrated Guide to the Scottish Covenanters. Edinburgh: The Saltire Society, 1996.



Scottish Theology

Denlinger, Aaron Clay (ed.). Reformed Orthodoxy in Scotland: Essays on Scottish Theology 1560-1775. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Walker, James. Theology and Theologians of Scotland, Chiefly of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. 2nd edition. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1888.



Knox, John – History of the Reformation in Scotland

Lang, Andrew – History of Scotland, vol. 1, 2, 3, 4  1902  Roman Catholic

Defoe, Daniel. Memoirs of the Church of Scotland, in Four Periods. London: Eman. Matthews, 1717.

Douglas, J.D. Light in the North: The Story of the Scottish Covenanters. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964.



Special Studies

Drummond, Andrew L. The Kirk and the Continent. Edinburgh: St Andrews Press, 1956.

Gardner, Ginny. The Scottish Exile Community in the Netherlands 1660-1690. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2004.



Political Thought of the Covenanters

Erskine, Caroline. “The Political Thought of the Restoration Covenanters,” in Scotland in the Age of Two Revolutions. Edited by Sharon Adams and Juian Goodare. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2014.


Garner, Ginny. “A Haven for Intrigue: the Scottish Exile Community in the Netherlands, 1660-1690,” in Scottish Communities Abroad in the Early Modern Period. Edited by Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch. Leiden: Brill, 2005. 277-299.

Henderson, George D. Religious Life in Seventeenth-Century Scotland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1937.

Hetherington, W.M. History of the Church of Scotland. From the Introduction of Christianity to the Period of the Disruption in 1843. New York: Robert Carter, 1844.

Hewison, James King. The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland from the Reformation to the Revolution. Vol. 2. Glasgow: John Smith and Son, 1913.

Howie, John. Biographia Scoticana; or, a Brief Historical Account of the Lives, Characters, and Memorable Transactions of the Most Eminent Scots Worthies. 3rd edition. Edinburgh: Schaw and Pillans, 1796.

Howie, John. Lives of the Scottish Covenanters; being a Brief Historical Account of the Most Eminent Noblemen, Gentlemen, Ministers, and Others, who Testified or Suffered for the Cause of Reformation in Scotland, from the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century, to the Year 1688. Revised and edited by William McGavin. Glasgow: W.R. McPhun, 1863.

Jackson, Clare. Restoration Scotland, 1660-1690: Royalist Politics, Religion and Ideas. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2003.

Johnston, John C. Treasury of the Scottish Covenant. Edinburgh: Andrew Elliot, 1887.

Kerr, James. The Covenants and the Covenanters. Edinburgh: Hunter, 1895.

Love, Dane. The Covenanter Encyclopedia. Ayr: Fort Publishing, 2009.

Macleod, John. Scottish Theology in Relation to Church History Since the Reformation. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1974.

MacPherson, H. “Political Ideals of the Covenanters, 1660-1688,” in Records of the Scottish Church History Society 1 (1926): 224-232.

M’Crie, Thomas. The Story of the Scottish Church. From the Reformation to the Disruption. London: Blackie & Son, 1875.

Muirhead, Andrew T.N. Reformation, Dissent and Diversity: The Story of Scotland’s Churches, 1560-1960. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Purves, Jock. Fair Sunshine: Character Studies of the Scottish Covenanters. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1968.

Ryken, Philip G. “Scottish Reformed Scholasticism,” in Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment. Edited by Carl R. Trueman and R. Scott Clark. Carlisle: Paternoster, 1999.

Smellie, Alexander. Men of the Covenant. 2 vols. London: Andrew Melrose, 1908.

Sprunger, Keith L. Dutch Puritanism: A History of English and Scottish Churches of the Netherlands in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century. Leiden: Brill, 1982.

Steven, William. The History of the Scottish Church, Rotterdam. Edinburgh: Waugh and Innes, 1833.

Whitley, Laurence A.B. A Great Grievance: Ecclesiastical Lay Patronage in Scotland until 1750. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2013.

Wodrow, Robert. The History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland, from the Restauration to the Revolution. 2 vols. Edinburgh: James Watson, 1721-22.

Ian B Cowan, The Scottish Covenanters, 1660-1688

Episcopacy in Scotland.
The Church of the Covenant, 1638-1651.
Restoration Scotland, 1660-1690.
Bishops and Covenanters.
The Culture of Controversy.

J. Beveridge, The Covenanters (London, n.d.);

Patrick Walker, Biographia Presbyteriana (Edinburgh, 1827); Six Saints of the Covenant, 2 vols. (London, 1901);

J. Aikman, Annals of the Persecution in Scotland, from the Restoration to the Revolution (Edinburgh, 1842);

The Presbyterian’s Armoury (Edinburgh, 1846);

J. Dodds, The Scottish Covenanters (Edinburgh, 1860);

J. C. Johnston, A Treasury of the Scottish Covenant (Edinburgh, 1887);

The Covenants and the Covenanters, ed. J. Kerr (Edinburgh, 1895);

J. K. Hewison, The Covenanters, 2 vols. (Glasgow, 1908);

A. Smellie, Men of the Covenant (London, 1908);

J. Lumsden, The Covenants of Scotland (Paisley, 1914);

A. S. Morton, Galloway and the Covenanters (Paisley, 1914);

H. MacPherson, The Covenanters Under Persecution (Edinburgh, 1923);

W. Syme, The Covenanters, 2 vols. (Philadelphia, n.d.);

J. G. Vos, The Scottish Covenanters: Their Origins, History, and Distinctive Doctrines (Pittsburgh, 1940);

H. Watt, Recalling the Scottish Covenants (Edinburgh, 1946);

J. Barr, The Scottish Covenanters (Glasgow, 1947);

J. D. Douglas, “The Scottish Covenanters 1638-1683: A Study in the Political Implications of their Theological Literature” (PhD diss., Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1955);

I. B. Cowan, The Scottish Covenanters 1660–88 (London, 1976)

M’Crie, Thomas

An Account of a Manuscript of Bishop Lesley’s History of Scotland, 1823, p. 167, 10 pages

Memoirs of Mr. William Veitch and George Brysson: Written by themselves with other Narratives Illustrative of the History of Scotland, from the Restoration [1660] to the Revolution [1689], including Narratives of the Risings at Bothwel and Pentland, to which are added Biographical Sketches and Notes by Thomas M’Crie, D.D., 1825, 561 pages

Civil and Ecclesiastical History of the Bass Rock, with a Preface,  Buy  1848, p. v, 52 pages

The Bass Rock is a famous and infamous island two miles off of the east coast of Scotland.  It acted as an Alcatraz for many of Christ’s beloved saints who were exiled thereto, particularly the Covenanters of the 1600′s whom the world was not worthy of.  It also has very unique geography and wildlife.  Read here for a fascinating description of this conspicuous place alluded to in church history.  



Kennedy, John – The Days of the Fathers in Ross-shire  Buy  1895  260 pp.

This is Kennedy’s most well known work, which preserves a glimpse into the deep (somewhat unique) evangelical spirituality of the Highlands from the days before Kennedy.  “Ross-shire” is a county (“shire” is a division of land, think Lord of the Rings) in Northern Scotland that is the local area around Dingwall.  “Fathers” refers to the revered fathers of the faith of the older generation before Kennedy.  

McCrie, Thomas 

The Story of the Scottish Church: from the Reformation [1560] to the Disruption [1843]Buy  1875  602 pp.

This is the best book on Scottish church history there is.  It includes all the stirring and famous stories that the Scottish church is known for.  Fill your sermons with powerful, thrilling illustrations from church history from these pages.  Written by an old school presbyterian in vindication of his church and their reformers against revisionist historians.  You will come away with renewed zeal for the cause of God’s truth in our land.

A Vindication of the Scottish Covenanters, 1843  157 pp.




Mitchell, William – The Wedderburns and their Work, or the Sacred Poetry of the Scottish Reformation in its Historical Relation to that of Germany, a Lecture  1867  95 pp.



Luther’s Influence on Scotland

Cameron, James – Aspects of the Lutheran Contribution to the Scottish Reformation, 1528-1552  1984  12 pp.





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