On the Scottish Covenanters

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General Works

Barr, James. The Scottish Covenanters. Glasgow: John Smith and Son, 1946



Reference Works

Cameron, Nigel M. de S., David F. Wright, David C. Lachman, and Donald E. Meek (eds.). Dictionary of Scottish Church History & Theology. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1993.

Devine, T.M., and Jenny Wormald (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.


Illustrated Guide

Campbell, Thorbjörn. Standing Witnesses: An Illustrated Guide to the Scottish Covenanters. Edinburgh: The Saltire Society, 1996.



Scottish Theology

Denlinger, Aaron Clay (ed.). Reformed Orthodoxy in Scotland: Essays on Scottish Theology 1560-1775. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Walker, James. Theology and Theologians of Scotland, Chiefly of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. 2nd edition. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1888.



Defoe, Daniel. Memoirs of the Church of Scotland, in Four Periods. London: Eman. Matthews, 1717.


Douglas, J.D. Light in the North: The Story of the Scottish Covenanters. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964.


Special Studies

Drummond, Andrew L. The Kirk and the Continent. Edinburgh: St Andrews Press, 1956.

Gardner, Ginny. The Scottish Exile Community in the Netherlands 1660-1690. East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2004.


Political Thought of the Covenanters

Erskine, Caroline. “The Political Thought of the Restoration Covenanters,” in Scotland in the Age of Two Revolutions. Edited by Sharon Adams and Juian Goodare. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2014.


Garner, Ginny. “A Haven for Intrigue: the Scottish Exile Community in the Netherlands, 1660-1690,” in Scottish Communities Abroad in the Early Modern Period. Edited by Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch. Leiden: Brill, 2005. 277-299.

Henderson, George D. Religious Life in Seventeenth-Century Scotland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1937.

Hetherington, W.M. History of the Church of Scotland. From the Introduction of Christianity to the Period of the Disruption in 1843. New York: Robert Carter, 1844.

Hewison, James King. The Covenanters: A History of the Church in Scotland from the Reformation to the Revolution. Vol. 2. Glasgow: John Smith and Son, 1913.

Howie, John. Biographia Scoticana; or, a Brief Historical Account of the Lives, Characters, and Memorable Transactions of the Most Eminent Scots Worthies. 3rd edition. Edinburgh: Schaw and Pillans, 1796.

Howie, John. Lives of the Scottish Covenanters; being a Brief Historical Account of the Most Eminent Noblemen, Gentlemen, Ministers, and Others, who Testified or Suffered for the Cause of Reformation in Scotland, from the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century, to the Year 1688. Revised and edited by William McGavin. Glasgow: W.R. McPhun, 1863.

Jackson, Clare. Restoration Scotland, 1660-1690: Royalist Politics, Religion and Ideas. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2003.

Johnston, John C. Treasury of the Scottish Covenant. Edinburgh: Andrew Elliot, 1887.

Kerr, James. The Covenants and the Covenanters. Edinburgh: Hunter, 1895.

Love, Dane. The Covenanter Encyclopedia. Ayr: Fort Publishing, 2009.

Macleod, John. Scottish Theology in Relation to Church History Since the Reformation. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1974.

MacPherson, H. “Political Ideals of the Covenanters, 1660-1688,” in Records of the Scottish Church History Society 1 (1926): 224-232.

M’Crie, Thomas. The Story of the Scottish Church. From the Reformation to the Disruption. London: Blackie & Son, 1875.

Muirhead, Andrew T.N. Reformation, Dissent and Diversity: The Story of Scotland’s Churches, 1560-1960. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Purves, Jock. Fair Sunshine: Character Studies of the Scottish Covenanters. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1968.

Ryken, Philip G. “Scottish Reformed Scholasticism,” in Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment. Edited by Carl R. Trueman and R. Scott Clark. Carlisle: Paternoster, 1999.

Smellie, Alexander. Men of the Covenant. 2 vols. London: Andrew Melrose, 1908.

Sprunger, Keith L. Dutch Puritanism: A History of English and Scottish Churches of the Netherlands in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century. Leiden: Brill, 1982.

Steven, William. The History of the Scottish Church, Rotterdam. Edinburgh: Waugh and Innes, 1833.


Whitley, Laurence A.B. A Great Grievance: Ecclesiastical Lay Patronage in Scotland until 1750. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2013.

Wodrow, Robert. The History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland, from the Restauration to the Revolution. 2 vols. Edinburgh: James Watson, 1721-22.


Ian B Cowan, The Scottish Covenanters, 1660-1688

Episcopacy in Scotland.
The Church of the Covenant, 1638-1651.
Restoration Scotland, 1660-1690.
Bishops and Covenanters.
The Culture of Controversy.


J. Beveridge, The Covenanters (London, n.d.);

Patrick Walker, Biographia Presbyteriana (Edinburgh, 1827); Six Saints of the Covenant, 2 vols. (London, 1901);

J. Aikman, Annals of the Persecution in Scotland, from the Restoration to the Revolution (Edinburgh, 1842);

The Presbyterian’s Armoury (Edinburgh, 1846);

J. Dodds, The Scottish Covenanters (Edinburgh, 1860);

J. C. Johnston, A Treasury of the Scottish Covenant (Edinburgh, 1887);

The Covenants and the Covenanters, ed. J. Kerr (Edinburgh, 1895);

J. K. Hewison, The Covenanters, 2 vols. (Glasgow, 1908);

A. Smellie, Men of the Covenant (London, 1908);

J. Lumsden, The Covenants of Scotland (Paisley, 1914);

A. S. Morton, Galloway and the Covenanters (Paisley, 1914);

H. MacPherson, The Covenanters Under Persecution (Edinburgh, 1923);

W. Syme, The Covenanters, 2 vols. (Philadelphia, n.d.);

J. G. Vos, The Scottish Covenanters: Their Origins, History, and Distinctive Doctrines (Pittsburgh, 1940);

H. Watt, Recalling the Scottish Covenants (Edinburgh, 1946);

J. Barr, The Scottish Covenanters (Glasgow, 1947);

J. D. Douglas, “The Scottish Covenanters 1638-1683: A Study in the Political Implications of their Theological Literature” (PhD diss., Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1955);

I. B. Cowan, The Scottish Covenanters 1660–88 (London, 1976)




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