On the Theology, Philosophy & Thought of the Medieval Church

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Order of Contents

Theology
.      Greek Orthodox
.      Doctrines
Philosophy
Thought
.      Specific Topics
Specific Centuries
On Individuals


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On Medieval Theology

Also check treatments of the Middle Ages in Historical Theologies of the whole Christian era.  See also the philosophy section below as theology and philosophy strongly overlap in the Medieval era.

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Books

1800’s

Poole, Reginald – Illustrations of the History of Medieval Thought in the Departments of Theology & Ecclesiastical Politics  (1884)  405 pp.

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1900’s

Gilson, Etienne Henry – Reason & Revelation in the Middle Ages  Buy  (1946)  114 pp.  ToC

Gilson is a Roman Catholic scholar.

ed. McCracken, George – Early Medieval Theology  in Library of Christian Classics, vol. 9  Buy  (London: SCM Press, 1957)  428 pp.

Cassidy, Frank – Molders of the Medieval Mind: The Influence of the Fathers of the Church on the Medieval Schoolmen  Buy  1966

Meyendorff, Jean – Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends & Doctrinal Themes  Buy  (Fordham Univ. Press, 1974)  255 pp.  ToC

Evans, G.R.

The Medieval Theologians: An Introduction to Theology in the Medieval Period  Buy  2001  408 pp.

Philosophy & Theology in the Middle Ages  Buy  (1993)  152 pp.  ToC

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2000’s

Oberman, Heiko – The Harvest of Medieval Theology: Gabriel Biel and Late Medieval Nominalism  Buy  (Harvard Univ. Press, 1963; 2001)  512 pp.  ToC

While this work is specifically about Biel, yet it gives great coverage of his times, including before and after.

Brown & Flores – Historical Dictionary of Medieval Philosophy & Theology  Buy  (2007)  464 pp.

D’Onofrio, Giulio – The History of Theology II: The Middle Ages  Buy  (2008)  560 pp.

A Roman Catholic scholar writes for laymen.

Ginther, James – The Westminster Handbook to Medieval Theology  Buy  (Westminster John Knox Press, 2009)  240 pp.  The publisher is liberal.  This work is laid out as a dictionary, besides introductory articles.

van Nieuwenhove, Rik – An Introduction to Medieval Theology  Buy  (Cambrdige, 2012)  308 pp.


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Greek Orthodox Theology

Article

Louth, Andrew – ‘The Nature of Eastern Orthodox Theology’  2010  28 pp.

Louth briefly surveys Athanasius, Dionysios the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor and Gregory Palamas, who cover a period of about a millennium, stretching from the fourth to the fourteenth century.

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Book

Lossky, Vladimir – Orthodox Theology: an Introduction  Buy  (1978)


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On Specific Doctrines in the Middle Ages

Natural Theology

Webb, Clement – ‘Natural Theology in the Middle Ages’  1915  220 pp.  in Studies in the History of Natural Theology

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On the Trinity

Paasch, J.T. – Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus & William Ockham  Buy  (Oxford, 2012)  240 pp.  ToC

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Soteriology

Carlson, C.P. – Justification in Earlier Medieval Theology  Buy  (1975)  157 pp.

The Early & Medieval Church on Limited Atonement

Much of Medieval thought did not use the paradigm of limited atonement, though there were some significant precedents.

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Law

Evans, G.R. – Law & Theology in the Middle Ages  Buy  (2001)  272 pp.

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On Medieval Philosophy

Books

1900’s

Turner, William – Part 2, Section B, Scholastic Philosophy  1903  178 pp.  in History of Philosophy, pp. 244-422  1903

de Wulf, Maurice

History of Medieval Philosophy  (1909)  510 pp.

Philosophy & Civilization in the Middle Ages  (1922)  325 pp.

Rickaby, Joseph – Scholasticism  1911  140 pp.

Workman, Herbert – chs. 6-9  of Christian Thought to the Reformation, pp. 128-243  1916  115 pp.

Workman (1862–1951) was a Methodist minister and pastor.

Gilson, Etienne Henry

The Spirit of Medieval Philosophy  Buy  (1940)  490 pp.

History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages  Buy  1955  820 pp.

“This authoritative Roman Catholic treatment is arranged chronologically from Justin Martyr to Nicholas of Cusa [†1464]…  An extensive bibliography (pp. 552-804) covers every name and topic mentioned in the text, and an index of authors and historians is provided…  [it] is not for the absolute beginner.” – G.E. & Lyn Gorman

Copleston, F. – Medieval Philosophy  Buy  1952  ToC

“For the schoolmen the following are standard accounts:” – Owen Chadwick

Maurer, Armand Augustine – Medieval Philosophy  in A History of Philosophy, vol. 2  Buy  (Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1962; 1982)  Preface by Etienne Gilson

ed. Armstrong, Arthur – The Cambridge History of Later Greek & Early Medieval Philosophy  Buy  (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1967)  685 pp.  ToC

Jones, W.T. – A History of Western Philosophy: the Medieval Mind, vol. 2  (1969)  380 pp.

ed. Audi, Robert – The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy  1995  910 pp.

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2000’s

eds. Jorge J.E. Gracia & Timothy B. Noone – A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages  in Blackwell Companions to Philosophy  (Blackwell, 2003)  745 pp.  ToC

Kenney, Anthony – Medieval Philosophy  in A New History of Western Philosophy, vol. 2  Buy  (Oxford, 2007)  352 pp.

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On Jewish Philosophy

Husik, Isaac – A History of Mediaeval Jewish Philosophy  1918  520 pp.


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On Medieval Thought

Books

1900’s

Taylor, Henry

The Mediaeval Mind: the History of the Development of Thought & Emotion in the Middle Ages, vol. 1, 2  1914

The Classical Heritage of the Middle Ages  1903  415 pp.

Poole, Reginald – Illustrations of the History of Medieval Thought & Learning  1920  340 pp.

Leff, Gordon – Medieval Thought: St. Augustine to Ockham  Buy  (1958)

Knowles, M.D. – The Evolution of Medieval Thought  Buy  (1962)

Oberman, Heiko A. – Forerunners of the Reformation: the Shape of Late Medieval Thought: Illustrated by Key Documents  (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966)  ToC  Covers from the 1300’s forward

Manchester, William – A World Lit Only by Fire: the Medieval Mind & the Renaissance; Portrait of an Age  1993  350 pp.

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2000’s

Evans, G.R. – Fifty Key Medieval Thinkers  (Routledge, 2002)  220 pp.  ToC

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On Specific Regions

Green, Otis – The Literary Mind of Medieval & Renaissance Spain  1970  280 pp.

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On Specific Topics

Grant, Edward – Physical Science in the Middle Ages  (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1977)  140 pp.  ToC

Ward, Benedicta – Miracles & the Medieval Mind: Theory, Record & Event, 1000-1215  1982  346 pp.


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On Specific Centuries

1100’s

Laistner, Charles – The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century  1957  440 pp.

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1300’s

Leff, Gordon – The Dissolution of the Medieval Outlook: an Essay on Intellectual & Spiritual Change in the Fourteenth Century  (Harper, 1976)  160 pp.  ToC

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1500’s

Taylor, Henry – Thought & Expression in the Sixteenth Century, vol. 1, 2  1920


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Studies on Individuals

Bonaventura

Gilson, Etienne – The Philosophy of St. Bonaventure [1221-1274]  (NY: Sheed & Ward, 1938)  ToC

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Bradwardine  1290-1349

Books

Leff, Gordon – Bradwardine & the Pelagians: a Study of his ‘Dei Causa Dei’ & its Opponents  in Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life & Thought, New Series, vol. 5 (rep. 2008; Cambridge, 1957)  295 pp.  ToC

Thomas of Bradwardine, his Tractatus de Proportionibus: its Significance for the Development of Mathematical Physics  ed. & trans. H. Lamar Crosby Jr.  (Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1961)  ToC

This includes an English translation of Bradwardine’s Tractatus with an introduction.

Dolnikowski, Edith Wilks – Thomas Bradwardine: A View of Time and a Vision of Eternity in Fourteenth-Century Thought  in Studies in the History of Christian Thought  in Studies in the History of Christian Traditions  Buy  (Brill, 1997)  364 pp.

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Article

Oberman, Heiko A. – ‘Thomas Bradwardine: The Cause of God Against the Pelagians’ in Forerunners of the Reformation…  (1966)

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Biel

Oberman, Heiko – The Harvest of Medieval Theology: Gabriel Biel [1420-95] & Late Medieval Nominalism  Buy  (Harvard Univ. Press, 1963; 2001)  512 pp.  ToC

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Ockham

Armstrong, Arthur – The Philosophy of William of Ockham [1287-1347] in the Light of its Principles  (Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1999)  600 pp.  ToC

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Related Pages

Medieval Theologies

The Writings of the Early & Medieval Church Fathers

Medieval Church & Renaissance History