Order of Contents
On the Sinfulness of Sports Significantly Damaging to the Body & Approvingly Watching Them
Peter Martyr Vermigli
The Common Places… (London: Rowe, 1583), pt. 2, ch. 12, 8th Commandment, ‘Of Plays or Pastimes,’ p. 526
“So at this day, the public weal does sometime promise rewards unto such as can best handle their weapons, to the intent their citizens may be the better exercised. Howbeit, there must be heed taken, that the kinds of plays be not hurtful and pernicious, and that therein be no danger of killing, maiming, or miserable tearing them, which either exercise themselves or be present, or be assembled to behold.
And this kind of games is forbidden Ad legem Aquiliam, in the law, Nam ludus, and in the decrees De tormentis. Those things which of their owne nature be not evil, but are evil oftentimes through that which ensues ought to be forbidden.”
Christian Directory… (London: White, 1673), pt. 1, ch. 10, pt. 2, ‘Directions about Sports & Recreations, & Against Excess & Sin Therein’, p. 461
“§19. Qualification 15. Cruel recreations also are unlawful: as taking pleasure in the beholding of duelers, fighters, or any that abuse each other, or any other creatures that needlessly torment each other.”
The Gaming-Humor Considered & Reproved… (London: Cockerill, 1684), p. 9 Morton (1627-1698) was an English, puritan, nonconformist minister.
“Therefore if those exercises were so ordered that there were no probability of hurt to ensue, as if the races be very short and upon safe ground, if the combatant with the bull have a safe retreat, if cocks spur with huffles and fencers play with foils (that commonly do no harm) these and such-like spectacles may be well allowed for honest recreation.”