Whole Bible Commentaries in Latin

The titles to the works have been translated into English.



Whole Old Testament Commentaries in Latin

Whole New Testament Commentaries in Latin



Order of Contents

About this Collection
Medieval  8
Reformed  10+
Lutheran  5+
Protestant  5
Roman Catholic  16
History of Commenting on the Bible  2




Some of the greatest historical, practical, spiritual and theological commentary on God’s Word is contained in Latin whole Bible commentaries through Church history, especially from the Reformation and puritan eras.  Here the Church’s treasure is laid open for you.

A man would sell all he has to attain a pearl of great price (Mt. 13:46).  Will you diligently commit three years to learning Latin in order to (freely) unlock this vast treasure of spiritual wealth?


About this Collection

This collection of 40+ commentaries includes every whole Bible commentary in Latin in Church history that has survived to our times, is commonly referenced in secondary literature, has not been translated into English and is available on the net.  Latin whole Bible commentaries that have been translated into English (such as Calvin’s) are available on our page: Whole Bible Commentaries.

Sets that are only missing a few books of the Bible have been included here.  Persons that commented on much of Scripture but did not comment on at least 80% of the Biblical books (such as the Reformed Daniel Tossanus and the Lutheran Sebastian Schmidt), have not been included, though we hope to include their works on other sections of this site.

Oftentimes numerous editions of the works below are available at Post-Reformation Digital Library.  We have sought to choose the most readable ones.

In the commentaries (or catenae, glossa and scholia) of the medievalists you will find rich collections of quotations from the early fathers.  The same is true of many of the Romanist commentaries on this page, in addition to their often prodigious learning.  Under the Protestant section you will find the famed 10+ vol. Critic Sacri (‘The Sacred Critics’), one of the most massive commentaries on Scripture ever produced.  Many other notable commentaries are linked as well.


The History of Whole Bible Commentaries

When and how did commentaries on the whole Bible arise?  C. Kannengiesser explains how these works began to take shape during the first part of the Middle Ages in ‘Biblical Interpretation in the Early Church’  in Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters (IVP, 1998) p. 16:

“In the East, patristic exegesis ended with the creation of a new genre, the catenae, or collections of exegetical excerpts.  Procopius of Gaza in Palestine (died c. 526) was the first to produce such a compilation.  From one Biblical book to another he added, verse by verse, short citations from Philo, Origen, Basil, Theodoret, Cyril and others.

Symphonic commentaries of that sort were written in Palestine during the sixth century.  The same compilatory technique prospered in Constantinople from the year 700 on.  By quoting numerous sources lost in the meantime, the authors of catenae preserved substantial traces of interpretations otherwise unknown…

The genre proliferated in the Byzantine world until the twelfth century…  At least thirty-five such catenae survived.  But during the Arab conquest in 638 the library of Caesarea was destroyed, and with it the main center of patristic compilations.”

Whole Bible commentaries in Latin had their hay-day after the Reformation in the late-1500’s and 1600’s.  Their decline corresponds roughly to the decline of scholasticism, beginning in the late 1600’s and continuing to decline into the early-1700’s with the rise of the Enlightenment.  Brandan Raphel’s whole Bible Latin commentary in 1747 appears to be the last of its kind (excepting some instances in the late-1700’s where a previously published Latin commentary on the Old Testament was published with another person’s Latin commentary on the New Testament for convenience).

The reasons for the decline of whole Bible commentaries in Latin appear to be:

– The rise of the English language as the lingua Franca in place of Latin, especially in the schools.

– The greater specialization in Biblical studies, with the attendant skepticism of the Enlightenment of the coherence of the Bible as God’s Word.  Latin commentaries on the whole Old Testament or whole New Testament would continue to be written into the late-1700’s but they began to decline in the early 1800’s.

– The waning of the commonness of persons with, or the desire for, polymath learning and prodigious labor over their whole lives.  May part of this decline be due to the loss of the greatest motivating factor: a vision for life wholly spent in the service of, and for the glory of God, profiting those around us in the best way?  Where such prodigious scholars did continue, they were commonly rationalistic and tended to limit their endeavors to more narrow fields.

We hope that this webpage will inspire and facilitate persons to seek to uncover the rich heritage that we have in the dominant language of the theology of the Church.






Early Scholasticism

Strabo, Walafridus  †849

The Sacred Bible with the Ordinary Gloss 

ed. 1603

Isa-Mal, Maccabbees

ed. Migne

Vol. 1
Vol. 2

“Within medieval schools, the most important commentary used in the disputations was the Glossa ordinaria, the Ordinary Gloss.  Glosses are explanatory notes added to a text, in this case, the Bible..  Adding glosses to texts began in the eight and ninth centuries in Northumbria and Ireland.  It steadily increased in popularity and use, until, by the beginning of the eleventh century, glossing was widespread…  Collections of these glosses offering interpretation of the entire Bible began to appear in Paris about 1220, and shortly thereafter were found in Germany and England.” – History of Biblical Interpretation, vol. 2, pp. 37-8

“The celebrated Glossa Ordinaria of Walafridus Strabo [c. 808-849], or Strabus, may be considered as a Catena Patrum [chain of fathers] on the Scriptures.  He copies considerably from Rabanus Maurus [c. 780-856], on some of the books.  The work is valuable for giving the literal sense, historical and moral.  It was first published at Nuremberg, 1494, in 6 vol. folio, and several editions were afterwards printed.  The best are those of Douay, 1617, and Antwerp, 1634, in which the Postilla of De Lyra were incorporated with other additions, ‘forming together’ says Calmet, ‘a treasure for theologians and preachers.'” – James Darling

See also the comments of T.H. Horne, Manual of Biblical Bibliography, p. 244.

Comestor, Petrus

Editions of the Historica Scholastica  1st ed.1175

Northwest Italy, 1303  Info

Western Germany, 1450  Info

Basil, 1486

No Place, 1543

Comestor (d. 1178) was a French theological writer and university administrator.  For information on the Historia Scholastica, see Wikipedia.

“By the twelfth century, comprehensive, discursive commentaries emerged.  The most influential discursive commentary, the Historia scholastica by Peter Comestor, chancellor of the school of Notre Dame, appeared in 1175.  This comprehensive exposition of the Bible became widely used in the later Middle Ages.” – History of Biblical Interpretation, vol. 2, p. 38


High Scholasticism

The Latin Bible with the Ordinary Glosses  c. 1220

Glossae Scripturae Sacrae Electronicae

Biblia Latina cum Glossa Ordinaria, introductions by K. Frehlich and M.T. Gibson (4 vols.; Turnhout: Brepols, 1992)

ed. Rusch, Adolph – Biblia Latina Cum Glossa Ordinaria: Fascimile Reprint of the Editio Pinceps Adloph Rusch of Strassburg 1480/81  Ref  rep. Turnhout, 1992

“Around 1220 the first complete glossed Bibles were produced, and about the same time what was by then a more or less standard text came to be called the Glossa Ordinaria, the Ordinary Gloss to Scripture, its status propagated if not at first achieved in connection with the theological faculty of the new university of Paris…” – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, p. 77

“The most important glossed Bible was the Ordinary Gloss, nine volumes of interpretation of the Bible…  The Ordinary Gloss wielded vast influence in scholasticism, helped by the citations of it in Lombard’s [very popular] Four Books of Sentences…” – History of Biblical Interpretation, vol. 2, p. 38

Anthony of Padua – The Mystical Interpretation in the Sacred Scripture  in ed. R.P. Joannis de la Haye of Paris, All the Works of St. Anthony of Padua (Pedeponti Ratisbonam Bibliopolae, 1739), pp. 366-608

Anthony (1195-1231) was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order.

Hugo of Saint Caro  d. 1263

 All the Homilies of Hugo from St. Caro, in which are Delineated All the Senses: Literal, Allegorical, Tropological & Analogical, on (1487/1703):

Gen- Job
Prov-Song, Ecclesiasticus
Isa-Lam, Baruch
Eze-Mal, Maccabees

“The most influential type of comprehensive commentary, the postilla, was developed in the Dominican school at the University of Paris in the early thirteenth century, under the influence of Hugh of Saint-Cher (d. 1263).  The postilla, a running commentary composed originally as classroom lectures, became the typical Bible commentary of scholasticism.  The postilla was intended to supplement the Ordinary Gloss with newer interpretations and theological outlooks.  These supplements were often digressions on theological subjects suggested by the passage being interpreted, and focused essentially on the literal sense of the passage.” – History of Biblical Interpretation, vol. 2, p. 38

“…which are much esteemed, particularly those on the Psalms.” – James Darling


Late Scholasticism

Aureolus, Petrus – A Compendium of the Literal Sense of the Whoe Divine Scripture  d. 1322

Aureolus (1280-1322).

“One early fourteenth century interpreter, the Franciscan Pierre Aureol, made a handy Compendium to rival the old Historia Scholastica.  But the form of these achievements was not exclusive.” C. Ocker, Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, p. 78

De Lyra, Nicholas  d. 1349

The Sacred Bible Set in Order and Interlined with Glosses and the Postils and Moral Teachings of Nicholas de Lyra  ed. 1545

Job-Song  ed. 1506
Isa-Mal, Maccabees

“The Postilla, or short commentaries of De Lyra [c. 1270-1349], are far superior to the age in which he flourished, and show great acquaintance with the literal sense of Scripture.  They are especially valuable for the Old Testament, from his superior knowledge of Hebrew and the Rabbinical writers, particularly Jarchi [1040–1105].  An edition was printed by Mentelin, in 1473, in 4 vol. folio, and many other editions were printed.  The best are those which accompany the Glossa of Strabo [above].  The Postilla are also to be found in the Biblia Maxima of De la Haye [below].” – James Darling

See also the comments of T.H. Horne, Manual of Biblical Bibliography, p. 244.

Denis the Carthusian  d. 1471

Commentary on the Old & New Testament (in Works, vols. 1-13)

Gen – Ex 19
Ex 20 – Dt
Josh – 1 Kn
2 Kn – Chron, Job 37
Job 38-42, Ezra, Esther, Psalms 1-43  Does not include Nehemiah
Psalms 44-150
The 7 Penitential Psalms
Eccl, Isa  Prov & the Song are not included
Mt – Lk 9
Lk 10 – Jn
Rom – 2 Pet
1 Jn – Rev
Epitomes of all the Books of the Bible

Denis (1402-1471)  “Without much secular learning or much criticism, Dionysius the Carthusian has great discernment, knowledge and piety, with an easy style.  There were various editions of the different volumes of his commentaries printed in the sixteenth century.” – James Darling





Pellican, Conrad – Commentary on the Bible, Gen-Dt, Josh-Esth, Job-Song, Isa-Mal, Apocrypha, Gospels-Acts, Rom-Jude, Rev  Tiguri, 1532-42

“Pellican gives the Latin Vulgate retouched, and rendered more conformable to the Hebrew and Greek; his commentaries are excellent for elucidating the literal and grammatical sense of Scripture, and for throwing light on many obscure passages.  He did not write on Jonah, Zechariah, or the Apocalypse.  The commentary on the Apocalypse, by S[ebastian] Meyer, in which Pellican assisted is often added.  The work thus complete (in 10 vol. folio) is very scarce.” – James Darling

Pellican, Conrad, Henry Bullinger, Leo Jud, Theodore Bibliander – The Most Holy Bible of the Old & New Testament…  with a Consulting of Orthodox Interpreters  (Tigur, 1543)

This has light margin notes, similar to a study Bible.  On the authors, see Wikipedia on Pellican, Jud & Bibliander.  On this work, see John Kitto, Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature, on Bibliander, p. 363.

Junius, Tremellius & Beza

The Sacred Bible, 6 vols.  (London, 1592-3)

New Testament  Beza

Not every edition of this work includes the commentary via margin notes.  The six volume London edition (1592-3, above) does, and is one of the best editions in this regard.

“The first edition of the Old Testament was published by Andreas Wechel in Frankfurt am Main in five volumes, which appeared between 1575 and 1579…  The Old Testament was almost immediately reprinted in London in 1579 to 1580, with Tremellius’ Latin rendering of the New Testament constituting a sixth part. Thereafter, Tremellius’ and Junius’ Old Testament went through a significant number of reprintings in locations throughout Europe, including Frankfurt, London, Geneva, Hanau and Amsterdam.

Following Tremellius’ death, Junius made sufficient revisions to the text and additions to the annotations to merit releasing them as revised editions. Thus a ‘second version’ appeared in 1590, a ‘third’ in 1596 and a ‘fourth’ in 1603.  With the exception of the original Frankfurt edition, every edition included a version of the New Testament.  The first London edition, which used Tremellius’ translation from Syriac, was exceptional; every subsequent edition had Beza’s translation from the Greek and Tremellius’ translation from the Syriac printed together in parallel columns, or else joined Tremellius’ Old Testament with Beza’s New Testament.”

– Kenneth Austin, From Judaism to Calvinism: the life and writings of Immanuel Tremellius (c. 1510–1580). St. Andrews Studies in Reformation History (Aldershot, Hants, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub, 2007) 147, 179.



Pareus, David  d. 1622

Theological & Exegetical Works

Ex-Dan  Includes the smaller books not listed in the table of contents
NT Intro
Intro to Epistles of Paul & Rom – 1 Cor
2 Cor
Phile – 2 Pet
1-3 John

Pareus (1548-1622)

Cappel, Jacques

Observations on the Old Testament Books  in Louis Cappel, Commentaries & Critical Notes in the Old Testament (Amsterdam, 1689), pp. 579-695

Observations on the New Testament  (Amsterdam, 1657)

Cappel (1570-1624) was a professor of Hebrew and theology and the uncle of the well-known Louis Cappel.

Piscator, Johann

Commentaries on

New Testament

Piscator (1546-1625)

Leusden, Johannes

Key to the Hebrew OT and Greek NT in which Difficult Subjects are Driven Back, Irregular Words and Constructions are Explained, Other Difficulties are Unfolded and Sacred and Profane Philological Observations and Antiquities are Annotated  (Utrecht, 1672/83)

Old Testament
New Testament

Leusden (1624-1699) was a Dutch theologian and professor of Oriental languages at Utrecht.

Poole, Matthew – Synopsis of the Interpreters and Commentators of Sacred Scripture, vol. 1 (Gen-Esth), 2 (Job-Song), 3 (Isa-Mal), 4 (Gospels-Act), 5 (Rom-Rev, Index of Whole)  Buy  1678/84

This set is different (much more massive and detailed) than Poole’s Annotations on the Whole Bible, which has been reprinted in 3 vols.

“If you are well enough versed in Latin, you will find in Poole’s Synopsis a marvelous collection of all the wisdom and folly of the critics.  It is a large cyclopaedia worthy of the days when theologians could be cyclopean, and had not shrunk from folios to octavos. Query–a query for which I will not demand an answer–has one of you ever beaten the dust from the venerable copy of Poole which loads our library shelves?  Yet as Poole spent no less than ten years in compiling it, it should be worthy of your frequent notice–ten years, let me add, spent in Amsterdam in exile for the truth’s sake from his native land.

His work was based upon an earlier compilation entitled Critici Sacri, containing the concentrated light of a constellation of learned men who have never been excelled in any age or country.” – Charles Spurgeon, Commenting and Commentaries

“The reprint edited by Leusden, Ultr. 1684, is greatly esteemed.” – James Darling

“On the suggestion of William Lloyd (1627-1717), ultimately bishop of Worcester, [Matthew] Poole (1624-1679) undertook the great work of his life, the ‘Synopsis’ of the critical labours of biblical commentators. He began the compilation in 1666, and laboured at it for ten years. His plan was to rise at three or four in the morning, take a raw egg at eight or nine, and another at twelve, and continue at his studies till late in the afternoon. The evening he spent at some friend’s house, very frequently that of Henry Ashurst, where ‘he would be exceedingly but innocently merry,’ although he always ended the day in ‘grave and serious discourse.’

The prospectus of Poole’s work bore the names of eight bishops (headed by Morley and Hacket) and five continental scholars, besides other divines. Simon Patrick (1626-1707), Tillotson, and Stillingfleet, with four laymen, acted as trustees of the subscription money. A patent for the work was obtained on 14 Oct. 1667. The first volume was ready for the press, when difficulties were raised by Cornelius Bee, publisher of the ‘Critici Sacri’ (1660, fol., nine vols.), who accused Poole of invading his patent, both by citing authors reprinted in his collection, and by injuring his prospective sales. Poole had offered Bee a fourth share in the property of the ‘Synopsis,’ but this was declined. After pamphlets had been written and legal opinions taken, the matter was referred to Henry Pierrepont, marquis of Dorchester, and Arthur Annesley, first earl of Anglesey, who decided in Poole’s favour. Bee’s name appears (1669) among the publishers of the ‘Synopsis,’ which was to have been completed in three folio volumes, but ran to five. Four thousand copies were printed, and quickly disposed of.

The merit of Poole’s work depends partly on its wide range, as a compendium of contributions to textual interpretation, partly on the rare skill which condenses into brief, crisp notes the substance of much laboured comment. Rabbinical sources and Roman catholic commentators are not neglected; little is taken from Calvin, nothing from Luther.” – Dictionary of National Biography

de Dieu, Ludovici – Sacred Criticism, or Animadversions on the Difficult Places of the Old and New Testaments  1693

de Dieu (1590-1642) was a Dutch minister and an orientalist.





Brenz, Johannes

Commentaries on

Gen-Dt  in Works, vol. 1
Josh-Esth  in Works, vol. 2  Chronicles are not included
Job-Psalms  in Works, vol. 3  with Theodore Snepf
Eccl-Mic  in Works, vol. 4  Prov, Song, Lam, Dan, Joel, Oba & Nah-Mal are not included
Mt-Lk  in Works, vol. 5
John  in Works, vol. 6
Acts-Rom, Gal, Phil, Phile  in Works, vol. 7  The other NT books are not included

Brenz (1499-1570) was a German reformer of Duchy of Württemberg.  These commentaries are chiefly in the form of sermons.

“Lauded by Luther.” – Howard Malcom

Osiander, Lucas

The Sacred Bible According to the Old Latin Version with Necessary Emendations and Difficult Places Succinctly Explained (Tubingae, 1600)  Table of contents

This one volume work has commentary via margin notes on the Bible.  The commentary is similar to, but a bit different and less full than the multi-volume edition below.

A Brief & Clear Explication of  1583-4


Osiander (1534-1604) was a German Lutheran and the son of the more well known reformer, Andreas Osiander, who had advocated a view of being justified by infused righteousness, which Calvin argued against in his Institutes.

“It has been said of Lucas Osiander, that he had discovered the secret of being brief with fertility, and fertile with brevity.” – James Darling



Quistorp, I, Johann – Annotations in All the Biblical Books: Collected & Furnished  (Francofurt, 1648)

Quistorp, I (1584-1648) was a preacher and a professor of theology in Rostock, Germany.

Cartwright, Christopher – The Honey of the Hebrews, or Diverse Observations out of the Hebrews, Especially of Antiquities and Monuments, with Many Place in the Old & New Testament Explained, Illustrated and Other Many Notes…  in Critici Sacri (1660), vol. 9, cols. 2943-3128

Cartwright (1602–1658) was an English clergyman, known as a Hebraist and for his use of targums in Biblical exegesis, following the lead of Henry Ainsworth with John Weemes. 

“This [work] was first published in the ninth volume of the Critici Sacri, 1660…” – Wikipedia

Calov, Abraham

The Bible Illustrated  1672/1719


Calov (1612-1686). 

R. Muller: “Among Lutheran efforts of the late seventeenth century, Abraham Calovius’s Biblia Illustrata stands out as a most influential example of the running commentary on the entire text of the Bible.  It functioned both as a somewhat polemical textual response to Grotius’s Annotationes and as a highly respected devotional Bible, treasured well into the next century by J.S. Bach, among other.” – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, p. 147

“An immense storehouse of information, touching versions, expositions, and other Biblical subjects.  Strong against Papists and Socinians.” – Howard Malcom

“His Biblia Illustrata… contains valuable dogmatic material.” – H. Schmid



Gezelius, Sr., Johannes & Johannes Gezelius, Jr. – Unknown Titles  1711-1713 & 1724-1728

R. Muller: “The vast posthumous biblical commentary of the Finnish Lutheran bishops, Johannes Gezelius Sr. (1615-1690) and Johannes Gezelius Jr. (1647-1718), published in 1711 to 1713 (New Testament) and 1724 to 1728 (Old Testament), also deserves mention as a pastoral and homiletical effort, despite the vehement anti-Pietist sentiments of both its authors.” – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, p. 147





Castellio, Sebastian

Biblical Interpretation  1556

Castellio (1515-63) was a French preacher and one of the first religious proponents of religious toleration (disputing with Calvin about this).  He also wrote a work on Rom. 9 against Theodore Beza.  Castellio’s annotations are included in the Critic Sacri.

Annotations in the Interpretation of the Sacred Bible  1510/1738

This work is less full than the one above, being often brief summaries of the Biblical books, though longer commentary is included on some of the books.



Grotius, Hugo

Annotations on the

Old Testament & Apocrypha

Grotius (1583-1645) was a leading Biblical scholar of his day as well as an Arminian and Erastian.  His commentary was widely influential for generations afterwards, though it greatly suffers for his aberrant doctrinal views and often idiosyncratic and unlikely textual interpretations.

“An unsafe guide; But Doddridge thinks ‘he has done more to illustrate Scripture by profane learning, than all other commentators put together.'” – Howard Malcom

See also the comments of T.H. Horne, Manual of Biblical Bibliography, p. 245Though these Annotations were translated into English, they do not appear to be available in English on the net.

The Sacred Critics [Critici Sacri]


“A great monument to biblical scholarship, comprising nearly 10,000 pages of commentaries by well over fifty sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scholars, perhaps the most ambitious universal Bible commentary ever compiled…  The commentaries and criticism are arranged…  by the Bible passages they discuss, so that one can readily read and compare the views of all the leading scholars concerning any passage.

The present edition [1698, the revised and best edition] mentions the compilers only at the end of the preface taken over from the first edition (London 1660), principally John Pearson (1613-1686), Bishop of Chester and later Professor of Theology at Cambridge, with his colleagues Anthony Scattergood, Francis Gouldman and Richard Pearson. They brought together texts by Erasmus, Sebastian Munster, Joannes Drusius, Benedictus Arias Montanus, Isaac Casaubon, Edward Brerewood, Kaspar Waser, Hugo Grotius, Petrus Cunaeus, Joseph Scaliger, Johannes Cloppenburg, James Ussher and many more…

Isaac Walton´s London Polyglot Bible (1655-1657) secured England´s place in the world of biblical scholarship. While both its preparation and its publication stimulated a great deal of new scholarship, its parallel presentation of eighteen Bible texts in nine languages left limited room for commentary. The 1660 Critici Sacri in nine volumes was the first and most extensive attempt to fill this gap…  English book production still lagged behind Dutch at this date, however, so the present second edition reaps the typographic benefits of the Dutch Golden Age.” – Swaen.com

For more, see Wikipedia & McClintock & Strong.  Matthew Poole gleaned the best comments from this work, in his still massive set above.


1660 ed.

Critic Sacri, vol. 1 (Pent), 2 (Historical), 3 (Writings), 4 (Prophets), 5 (Apocrypha), 6 (Gospels), 7 (Acts-Rev), 8 (Tracts), 9 (Tracts), 10 (Tracts, esp. Heb)  1660, vol. 10 in 1661

Further editions

1660: Joannes Pricaeus on Mt, Lk, Acts, Tim, Tit, Phile, Jms, 1-3 Jn, Jud, Rev
1695: vol. 2. Historical
1696: vol. 6. Tracts
1698: vol. 4. Mt-Rom

1698, Largest & Best ed.

Critici Sacri, vol. 1.1 (Gen-Ex), 1.2 (Lev-Dt), 2 (Historical), 3 (Ps-Song), 4 (Prophets), 5 (Apocrypha), 6 (Gospels), 7 (Acts-Paul’s Epistles), 8 (Jms-Rev), 9 (Tracts)

Additional Volumes to the Series

Thesaurus Theologico-Philologicus (1701-1702), vol. 1 (OT), 2 (NT)

Thesaurus Novus Theologico-Philologicus (1732): vol. 1 (OT), 2 (NT)


Brenius, Dan – Brief Annotations in the Old & New Testament  1664

The comments are full on some books and sparse on others.

Heidegger, Johann Heinrich – A Biblical Manual: Sacred Reading, a General Analysis of each of the Books of the Old & New Testament…  (Amsterdam, 1688)



Raphel, Brandan Ludolph

Annotations on Sacred Scripture out of Xenophon, Polybius, Herodotus, etc. (1747)

Old Testament

Not every book and not every passage of the Bible is commented on, as this is a collection of annotations from secular histories where they relate to Scripture.



Roman Catholic


Cajetan, Thomas

Commentaries According to the Literal Sense, on:

Ps – Isa 3  The rest of the OT was not commented on
Rom-Jude  Rev was not commented on

Cajetan (1469–1534) was an Itallian cardinal, philosopher and a chief apologist for Romanism in his day.

Clarius, Bishop – Annotations in Vetus et Novum Testamentum  1542

These annotations are in the Critici Sacri above.

“The annotations of Clarius were printed in folio at Venice 1542, and again 1557.  Some parts of them having been placed in the Index [the Roman Catholic list of banned books], an expurgated edition was published in 1564.  He has left nothing on the Apocalypse.  His notes on the Old Testament are, in a great measure, taken from Sebastian Munster.” – James Darling

Vatable, Francis

The Sacred Bible with the Annotations of Various Interpreters  1545/1729


Vatable (-1547) was a French, humanist scholar. 

“The annotations of Francis Vatablus were written from his lectures, as professor in the University of Paris, by one of his scholars (Bertin le Comte), and published by Robert Stephens in his edition of the Latin Bible, 1545, and again in 1557.  Stephens was accused of mixing Protestant sentiments with them; and the doctors of Salamanca, in their celebrated and rare edition, 1584, profess to have again rendered them proper for Roman Catholics.  The works has been often reprinted.  The annotations of Vatablus are inserted in the Critici Sacri.” – James Darling

Lucas de Brugensis, Francis – Annotations on the Sacred Bible  1580

“Judicious and well-considered notes.  They are inserted in the Critici Sacri.” – James Darling

Biblia Latina Theologorum Lovaniensum  1580

“Reprinted, 1582-83-84-87, and 1590.  This Bible is accompanied with various readings and good notes by Lucas Brugensis, Molanus, and others.  They are to be found in the Critici Sacri, and they have been much commended by Mill, Simon, John Fabricius, and other critics.” – James Darling

Sa, Immanuel – Annotations on the Whole of Sacred Scripture  1598

“Useful short notes, often reprinted.  They were added to an edition of the Scholia of Mariana, 2 vol. folio, 1624, and they form part of the Biblia Magna of De la Haye [below].” – James Darling



de Mariana, Juan – Scholia on the Old & New Testament  1613/1620

R. Muller: “Juan de Mariana (1536-1604) adopted theological genre of the older exegesis in his Scholia…” – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, p. 145

On ‘scholia’, see Wikipedia.

Estius, Guil – Annotations on the Principle and Difficult Places of Sacred Scripture 1621/1699

R. Muller: “Protestant exegetes of the seventeenth century were concerned to respond to Estius, and they often cited [other Roman Catholics] Maldonatus [1535-1583], [Benito] Arias Montanus [1527-1598] and Sixtus Senensis [1520–1569] with approval.” – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, pp. 145-6

“They are inserted in the Biblia Magna and Maxima; but they are inferior to the author’s exposition of the Epistles.” – James Darling  Estius’ 7-12 vol. commentary on the epistles is at PRDL.

Tirini, Jacob

Commentary on Sacred Scripture  1632/1757


Tirini (1580-1636) was a Belgian, Jesuit, Biblical scholar.

“The work is inserted in the Biblia Magna and Biblia Maxima.  The Prolegomena on ancient weights and measures are to be found in Walton’s Polyglott.  Tirinus in his commentary has collected and abridged what he considered best in other commentators, particularly Cornelius a Lapide [below].” – James Darling

Gordon, James – The Bible with Comments According to the Literal Sense, 3 vols  1632/1636

Gordon (1553-1641) was a Jesuit member of the house of Lesmore, Aberdeenshire.  “This commentary, which is much in the style of Tirinus, is not much esteemed.” – James Darling

a Lapide, Cornelius

Commentaries on the Old and New Testament  (1615-45 & 1653-64)

Ezra-Esther, Maccabees
Job & Psalms are not included
Eccl-Song, Wisdom
Isa-Lam, Baruch

a Lapide (1567-1637) was a Flemish, Catholic, Jesuit priest. 

R. Muller: “His work is notable for its grasp of patristic and medieval exegesis and its ability to sum up the tradition by offering not only literal but also allegorical, moral and anagogical meanings and by engaging more contemporary developments in the examination of the Hebrew and Greek texts.” – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters, p. 145

“The commentaries of Cornelius a Lapide are held in great esteem by learned men, especially the commentaries on the Pentateuch and on the Epistles of St. Paul, which have been considered the chef d’oeuvres of erudition.” – James Darling

Menochio, Giovanni Stefano – Commentaries on the Whole of Sacred Scripture

Menochio (1575-1655) was an Itallian, Jesuit, Biblical scholar.

“Short but solid explanations of Scripture.  According to Dupin and Father Simon, Menochius gives in a few words more than others do in lengthened commentaries.  They are inserted in the Biblia Magna and Maxima of De la Haye [below].” – James Darling

de la Haye, Jean et al.

The Great Bible [Biblia Magna], vol. 1 (Proleg-Gen-2 Chron), 2 (Esdras-Ecclesiasticus), 3 (Isa-2 Macc.), 4 (Mt-Eph), 5 (Rom-Rev)  (Paris, 1643)

de la Haye (1593 – 1661) was a French preacher and Biblical scholar. He held important offices in the Franciscan Order and at the Court of Louis XIII, and is the author or editor of some forty folio volumes and several unpublished manuscripts.  These two major commentaries were designed principally for the use of priests and preachers.  After every chapter, Haye quotes verbatim the commentaries of  GagnaeusEstiusManuel de SáMenochius, and Tirinus (S.J.).  

The Greatest Bible [Biblia Maxima], vol. 1 (Proleg-Gen), 2 (Ex-Lev), 3 (Num-Josh), 4 (Judg-2 Kings), 5 (1 Chron-Job), 6 (Ps), 7 (Prov-Song), 8 (Ecclesiasticus), 9 (Isa), 10 (Jer-Lam), 11 (Eze-Dan), 12 (Minor & Macc), 13 (Mt-Mk), 14 (Lk-Jn), 15 (Rom-Gal), 16 (Gal-Heb), 17 (Acts, Catholic Letters, Rev), 18 (Indices), 19 (Indices)  (Paris, 1660)  Table of contents to the volumes

In this work Hayes appends to each Biblical section 1. the various readings of the versions, 2. a paragraph in which the harmony of these readings and the literal meaning of the text are briefly discussed, and 3. annotations drawn from the commentators above cited, but headed, in this case, by Nicolaus Lyranus (O.F.M.).



Du Hamel, Jean-Baptiste – The Sacred Bible: Vulgate Edition, with Select Excerpted Annotations out of the Best Interpreters  1705

Du Hamel (1624-1706) was a French cleric and natural philosopher.  “The chronological tables by Tournemine are well executed.” – James Darling  See the comments by Horne, Manual of Biblical Bibliography, p. 250.



Alber, Joanne Nep. – Interpretation of Sacred Scripture on all the Old and New Testament Books (Pesth, Hungary, 1801-4), vol. 1 (Pro-Gen), 2 (Ex-Num), 3 (Dt-Ruth), 4 (Sam-Kings), 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 (2 Cor-Phile), 16 (Heb-Rev)

On this massive work, see T.H. Horne, Manual of Biblical Bibliography, p. 252.



History of Commenting on the Bible

ed. McKim, Donald – Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters  Buy  (IVP, 1998)

ed. Houser & Watson – History of Biblical Interpretation, 3 vols.  Buy  (Eerdmans, 2009)




Stegmuller, Fridericus – Repertorium Biblicum Medii Avei, 10 vols.  Buy

Darling, James – ‘Commentaries, etc. on the Old and New Testament’, pp. 125-35  in Cyclopedia Bibliographica: A Library Manual of Theological and General Literature, vol. 1 (Subjects)  (1859)

This is perhaps the most exhaustive bibliographical collection up to its day.  It includes foreign language titles.

Malcom, Howard – ‘Commentators on the Whole Bible’, pp. 91-2  in Theological Index: References to the Principal Works in Every Department of Religious Literature, embracing nearly Seventy Thousand Citations, Arranged under Two Thousand Heads  (Boston, 1868)

Malcom was likely an old Princeton grad as he mentioned his indebtedness to the Drs. Alexander and Miller in the ‘Preface’.  Malcom was a pastor who worked on this volume for over 40 years.

This work includes titles in foreign languages and is more comprehensive than the work of James Darling.  The drawback is that there is very limited reference information, which can make finding the works difficult at times. 




Related Pages

Bible Commentaries

Whole Bible Commentaries in English

Commentaries on the Whole Old Testament in English

Commentaries on the Whole New Testament in English

Reformed Systematic Theologies in Latin  Titles are in English

Bible Background, Survey, Authenticity & Introduction

Biblical Theology

Church History