Baptismal Regeneration

And one of the malefactors which were hanged…  said unto Jesus, ‘Lord, remember me when Thou comest into thy kingdom.’  And Jesus said unto him, ‘Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with Me in paradise.'”

Lk. 23:39-43

“…for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.  How was it then reckoned?  when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision?  Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.”

Rom. 4:9-10

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Subsection

Presumptive Regeneration

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Order of Contents

Articles
Against Baptismal Justification
History
.      John Calvin
    The Westminster Confession
Quotes

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Articles

1800’s

Buchanan, James – ‘The Doctrine of the Sacraments’  1843, p. 61, 13 pp.  in On the “Tracts for the Times” in the context of the Oxford Tractarian Movement of the mid-1800’s

Buchanan was a professor in the Free Church of Scotland.

Cunningham, William – Baptismal Regeneration  1863, p. 133, 8 pp.  from his Historical Theology, vol. 2

Cunningham was a professor in the Free Church of Scotland.

Guthrie, John – ‘Baptismal Regeneration’  being Part 3 of The Paedobaptist’s Guide on Mode and Subject and Baptismal Regeneration, pp. 182-219

Guthrie was a congregationalist minister in London.  The book was occasioned by a sermon of Charles Spurgeon criticizing baptismal regeneration.  In the controversy which ensued, paedobaptism itself was criticized as tending to baptismal regeneration.  Guthrie clears these misconceptions.

M’Crie, Thomas – Baptismal Regeneration  1850, p. 157, 4 pp.  from his Lectures on Christian Baptism

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Booklet

Turnbull, Joseph – Baptismal Regeneration Refuted and Spiritual Regeneration Explained  1854  60 pp.

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Against Baptismal Justification

Edwards, John – ‘The Distinction used by some Late Divines of Justification at Baptism and Justification at the Day of Judgment, is Groundless’  1708  8 pp.  in The Doctrine of Faith and Justification set in a True Light, Part 3, ch. 4, pp. 433-441

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On John Calvin

Cassidy, James – ‘Calvin and Baptism: Baptismal Regeneration or the Duplex Loquendi Modus [Two Ways of Speaking]?’  2016  24 paragraphs

“…while we admit that Calvin did use language concerning the sacraments which made it sound like he advocated something like baptismal regeneration, we maintain strenuously that he actually rejected such thinking.  Rather, what he does do – because of the duplex loqundi modus [two ways of speaking] of Scripture – is employ language which is proper of the res [thing] when speaking of the signa [sign].” – Conclusion

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Interpretation of the Westminster Confession

Ramsey, D. Patrick – Baptismal Regeneration and the Westminster Confession  2008  61 paragraphs, from the Confessional Presbyterian, #4

Ramsey shows that a baptismal regeneration reading of the Confession is inaccurate.

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Quotes

John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan

From a letter to C.H. Spurgeon:

“Horrible as the doctrine of baptismal regeneration is, it would be still more so if combined with those scriptural principles which are usually called Calvinistic.”

[Specifically with the doctrine of the Perseverance of the Saints, which baptismal regeneration almost always has to deny.]

“I can trust even for my unbaptized infant.”

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“And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth…  And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without…  And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.  And he said, ‘Cursed be Canaan…'”

Gen. 9:18, 22

while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.  The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God)…”

1 Pet. 3:20-21

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Related Pages

The Perseverance of the Saints

Baptism

Infant Baptism

Baptism for the Dead  (1 Cor. 15:29)