New Testament Theology

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Biblical Theology


Note that ‘New Testament Theology’ is not different than the theology found in the whole of Scripture, but rather it emphasizes those characteristics that are prominent in the writings of the New Testament.  The same goes for the theologies of Paul, John, etc.



Order of Contents

N.T. Theologies
.       Simpler  1

.       Intermediate  6
.       Older  2
Studies in N.T. Theology  2
Theology of Paul  12+

Theology of John  10+




Simpler New Testament Theologies

Bruce, F.F. – The Message of the New Testament  Buy  1972  116  pp.

“His language is simple enough to be easily understood by beginning Bible students, yet rich enough in meaning to provide new insights for those who have been studying the Scriptures for years.  And because he so concentrates on major themes and not fine detail, he succeeds in presenting the central message of the New Testament in a way that is refreshingly different.” – The book-flap




Intermediate Level


Guthrie, Donald – New Testament Theology  Buy  1981  1,064 pp.

“Donald Guthrie approaches the subject thematically.  He takes the great subjects dealt with in the New Testament and surveys the contributions made by all the writers to each of his themes.”  – Leon Morris

Ladd, George Eldon

A Theology of the New Testament  Buy  rev. ed. 1993  720 pp.

Ladd (1911-82) was professor of New Testament Exegesis and Theology at Fuller Theological Seminary, California.

“It would be hard to find a better way of introducing students to New Testament theology than by baptizing them in this time-tested standard by Ladd.  Later efforts by others have not replaced it.” – Robert Gundry, Westmont College

The Pattern of New Testament Truth  Buy  1968

“Show[s] the continuity of NT thought, particularly as this relates to the teachings of Jesus and Paul.” – Cyril Barber

Jesus and the Kingdom: the Eschatology of Biblical Realism  Buy  1969

Ladd was a historical-premillennial.

“A comprehensive scholarly study of the preaching of Jesus concerning the Kingdom of God.” – Cyril Barber

Morris, Leon

New Testament Theology  Buy  1st ed. 1986  333 pp.

Morris gives a theology of each book of the New Testament, or a synthesis of some of them together.

“The aim of this book is to provide a compact introduction to the theology of the New Testament…  I have tried to steer a middle course between being unhelpfully brief and being too long and technical for the student or interested layman.  If such readers are stimulated to tackle the larger works, I will be well rewarded.” – Preface

The Cross in the New Testament  Buy  1965  420 pp.

Morris surveys the theme of the cross and the atonement in each book of the New Testament, sometimes grouped together.

The Apostolic Preaching of the Cross  Buy  1st ed. 1955  305 pp.  Written at an intermediate level.

The Chapters are: (1) Redemption, (2) Covenant, (3) The Blood, (4) The Lamb of God, (5) Propitiation, (6) Propitiation, 2 (7) Reconciliation, (8) Justification, (9) Justification, 2

“Brilliant word studies on redemption, covenant, blood, propitiation, reconciliation, and justification.  Deserves a place in every preacher’s library!” – Cyril Barber


Since 2000

ed. Kruger, Michael – A Biblical-Theological Introduction to the New Testament: the Gospel Realized  Buy  Preview  2016

This volume, done by a number of Reformed Theological Seminary professors, is an attempt to do New Testament Introduction through the lens of Biblical Theology.  That is, they answer the regular questions on each book of who, what, when, where & why, while giving a Biblical theology on each book of the N.T.

The work is done well, and it is reformed and conservative in outlook (see a review here and the Preview linked above), though do note that Biblical Theology is much more expansive than simply Biblical theologies of each book of the Bible, and hence this volume by no means exhausts its subject.




Van Oosterzee, Jan J. – The Theology of the New Testament: a Handbook for Bible Students, trans. M. Evans (New York: 1875)

Oosterzee (1817 – 1882) was an orthodox Dutch professor of systematic theology at the University of Utrecht.

Bernard, Thomas – The Progress of Doctrine in the New Testament, in 8 Lectures  1896  258 pp.

“Thomas Dehany Bernard (1815-1904) was an English Clergyman.  He graduated from Exeter College, Oxford, and after several notable pastorates ministered at Wells Cathedral, ultimately becoming its Chancellor… and in 1864 delivered his now famous lectures…  Thomas Bernard was noted for his strong evangelical convictions… he remained… uncompromising in his adherence to the integrity of the Word of God.” – Cyril J. Barber

“The Bampton Lectures delivered at the University of Oxford, 1864, survey the entire scope of NT theology, and are, to quote Dr. Wilbur M. Smith, ‘The product of sound scholarship, and a profound belief in the Divine origin of the Holy Scriptures.” – Cyril Barber

Stevens, George Barker – The Theology of the New Testament  1906  660 pp.

Stevens was a professor of systematic theology at Yale.

“The aim of this volume is to set forth, in systematic form, the doctrinal contents of the New Testament according to its natural divisions.” – Preface

“An old, but still valuable contribution.” – Cyril Barber



Studies in New Testament Theology

Vos, Geerhardus – The Teaching of Jesus Concerning the Kingdom of God and the Church  1903  220 pp.

Vos (1862-1949) was one of the last conservative theologians at Old Princeton, and is known as the father of reformed Biblical Theology.

Ridderbos, Herman

When the Time had Fully Come: Studies in N.T. Theology  1957  95 pp.

The Coming of the Kingdom  Buy  1962

Amillennial.  The classic setting forth of the ‘now and not yet’ paradigm.



The Theology of Paul

See also ‘The Life and Letters of Paul’, which works usually have a lot to say about the theology of Paul.



Knowling, Richard John

The Witness of the Epistles: a Study in Modern Criticism  1892  465 pp.

“Establishes the origin of Pauline theology, discourses on Paul’s Christology and the incarnation, provides an interesting chapter on the resurrection of Christ, and a discussion of His ascension and second coming.  A final chapter evaluates Paul as an evangelist.” – Cyril J. Barber

The Testimony of St. Paul to Christ viewed in some of its Aspects  1905  540 pp.

“Based upon the Boyle Lectures for 1903-05.  Deals with the Pauline Epistles, Paul’s conversion and testimony to the veracity of the Gospel records, and his teaching on the life and function of the church.  A scholarly study.” – Cyril J. Barber



Kennedy, Harry Angus Alexander

St. Paul and the Mystery Religions  1913

For more about Kennedy and his works, see Logos.

“A standard study which reacts against those who interpret Pauline theology solely against the background of the mystery religions.” – Cyril J. Barber

The Theology of the Epistles  1919

“A brief survey stressing the unity of thought in the epistles.” – Cyril J. Barber

Robertson, A.T. – Paul the Interpreter of Christ  1921  168 pp.

Robertson was an American, southern, reformed baptist professor.

“Offers a series of studies of different aspects of Paul’s ministry and teaching.” – Cyril J. Barber

Machen, John Gresham – The Origin of Paul’s Religion  1925

Chapter 4 specifically defends that Paul’s theology was an unfolding of that of Jesus, as opposed to the liberal assertion that Jesus and Paul’s theology are contrary to each other.

“Consists of the James Sprunt Lectures, Union Theological Seminary, Virginia.  Surveys the early years of Paul’s life, his Jewish environment, religious training, and the development of his doctrine.  A valuable treatment.  Amillennial.” – Cyril J. Barber

Stewart, James Stuart – A Man in Christ: the Vital Elements in St. Paul’s Religion  1935

Stewart (1896-1990) was a minister in the Church of Scotland and professor at the University of Edinburgh (New College).

“A treatment of Pauline thought which ranks high among the very best contributions in the field.” – Cyril J. Barber

Moe, Olaf Edvard – The Apostle Paul: his Message and Doctrine  Buy  1954

“Based upon the German edition published in 1928.  Centers in the doctrinal concepts of the Apostle to the Gentiles.  Lutheran.” – Cyril J. Barber

Ridderbos, Herman

Paul, an Outline of his Theology  Buy  1st ed. 1966  560 pp.

“At last we have a comprehensive, satisfying work on the theology of Paul, written by one who is probably the most outstanding evangelical New Testament scholar on the continent of Europe.” – George Eldon Ladd

Paul and Jesus: Origin and General Character of Paul’s Preaching of Christ  Buy  1957  155 pp.

Ridderbos here defends that Paul’s teachings were founded upon, and consistent with Jesus’ teachings, contra the liberals of his day (and our day) who divorced Paul’s religion as something different from, and contrary to, that of Jesus.

“A scholarly study of Paul’s preaching of Christ.  Reformed.” – Cyril J. Barber

“…Ridderbos… seeks to understand the preaching of Paul within the framework of the history of revelation.  In a sense the book is an introduction to Paul in that it deals with the main perspectives of his preaching an critically compares the latter with the self-disclosure of Jesus.  Although the primary aim of the work is to arrive at a clear understanding of the character of Paul’s preaching, the author carries on a continuous polemic with outstanding representatives of New Testament criticism…” – Translator’s Preface

Vos, Geerhardus – Pauline Eschatology  Buy  1961

Vos (1862-1949) was one of the last conservative theologians at Old Princeton, and is known as the father of reformed Biblical Theology.

“A unique and helpful study from an amillennial point of view.” – Cyril J. Barber

Bruce, F.F. – Paul: Apostle of the Heart Set Free  Buy  1977  475 pp.

“F.F. Bruce offers in this illustrated book an exposition of all the primary themes in Paul’s thought as these developed in the historical context of his life and travels.  A remarkably even and coherent work, Bruce’s portrait of Paul is convincing from every vantage point–historical, theological, psychological, personal… A balanced and attractive book.” – The Christian Century

Nash, Ronald – The Gospel and the Greeks: Did the New Testament Borrow from Pagan Thought?  Buy  1992

“An excellent apologetic . . . showing the insuperable problems of viewing Christianity as an outgrowth of Greek philosophy, the Hellenistic mystery religions, or gnosticism.” – Robert C. Newman



The Theology of John

The Life and Theology of John




Related Pages

New Testament Background and Introduction

New Testament Commentaries

Bible Background, Survey, Authenticity & Introduction

Biblical Theology

Old Testament Background, Survey, Authenticity & Introduction

Old Testament Theology