On Metaphysics

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Order of Contents

English  2
Historical
Latin  12
.     On Particular Issues  2

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English

Gale, Theophilus

Bk. 1, ch. 3, ‘The Vanity of Metaphysics, or Natural Theology, & Divination’  in The Court of Gentiles, Part III, The Vanity of Pagan Philosophy Demonstrated from its Causes, Parts, Proprieties & Effects…  (London, 1677)

Bk. 2, ch. 1, ‘Of Metaphysic or Prime Philosophy in General’  in The Court of the Gentiles, Part IV, Of Reformed Philosophy, wherein Plato’s Moral & Metaphysic or Prime Philosophy is Reduced to an Useful Form & Method  (London, 1677), pp. 210-14

Gale (1628–1678) was an English educationalist, nonconformist and Independent theologian of dissent, who tutored Ezekiel Hopkins and was an ally of Thomas Goodwin.

“…to disabuse the minds of men, who have been so long imposed on by false ideas, collected out of Aristotle’s supposed Metaphysics.”

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Historical

Bradshaw, David – Aristotle East & West: Metaphysics & the Division of Christendom  Pre  Buy  (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004)

“This book traces the development [of] thought about God and the relationship between God’s being and activity from Aristotle, through the pagan Neoplatonists, to thinkers such as Augustine, Boethius, and Aquinas (in the West) and Dionysius the Areopagite, Maximus the Confessor, and Gregory Palamas (in the East).  The result is a comparative history of philosophical thought in the two halves of Christendom, providing a philosophical backdrop to the schism between the Eastern and Western churches.”

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Latin Books

Alsted, Johann Heinrich

General

A Most Concise Delineation of Metaphysics, Simultaneously Publicly Proposed to be Disputed Again…  (Herborne, 1611)  18 chs.  68 pp.

Table of Contents

Introduction: the System of Metaphysics will be Given; we will fore-notify the titles and offices of it.  The significant titles of it are nine.  5

There are three offices of metaphysics  7

1. On the Nature of Metaphysics  9
2. On Essence & Existence  13
3. Of Unity  18
4. Of Truth  22
5. Of Goodness  24
6. Of Sameness & Diversity  27
7. Of the Whole & a Part  31
8. Of Simplicity & Compositeness  36
9. Of being Perfect & Imperfectness  38
10. Of Naturalness & Artificiality  40
11. Of Finiteness & Infiniteness  41
12. Of Necessity & Contingency  42
13. Of Uncreated & Created, & Synonymous Divisions  46
14. Of Illocalness & Localness  49
15. On Act & Potential  50
16. On Possibility & Impossibility  54
17. On Cause & Causation  56
18. On Substance & Accident  62

Metaphysics Drawn out in Three Books through Methodical Precepts, Select Theorems & Clear, Short Commentaries…  (Herborne, 1613)  283 pp.  This is the same as his Most Exquisite Method of Metaphysics…  (1611)  ToC

Table of Contents

To the Candid Reader  3

Metaphysical Precognitions  9

Bk. 1, Of Transcendentals  27

1. Of Being  27
2. Of the Synonymous Attributes of Being, which are Something & a Thing  34
3. Of Essence  41
4. Of Existence  46
5. Of Duration  54
6. Of Unity  58
7. On Truth  78
8. Of Goodness  92
9. Of Order  108
10. Of Number  111
11. Of Perfection  113
12. Of Beauty  115
13. Of Act & Potential  117
14. Of Simplicity & Composition  134
15. Of Being per se & in accidents  139
16. Of Universality & Singularity  142
17. Of a Whole & a Part  148
18. Of Priority, Connection & Posteriority  155
19. Of Infinity & Finiteness  160
20. Of Absoluteness & Respectiveness  164
21. Of Reality & Intentionality  166
22. Of Abstraction & Concretion  171
23. Of Measure & a thing having been Measured  176
24. Of Subject & Adjunct  180
25. Of a Sign & Signifying  184
26. Of Beginning & having Begun  188
27. Of Cause & Causation  192
28. Of Necessity & Contingency  222
29. Of Identity, Diversity & Distinction  232

Bk. 2, Of Predications  248

1. The Number & Utility of Predications  248
2. Of Substance  253
3. Of Quantity  255
4. Of Quality  257
5. Of Relation  258
6. Of Action  263
7. Of Passion  265
8. Of Four Predications Less Principal: Where, When, Situation, Habitus  266

Bk. 3, On Non-Being  269

A Metaphysical Conclusion  275

3 Tables Dividing Metaphysics  276

Appendix on the Nature, Constitution & Special Use of Metaphysics, Comprehending Some Theorems  279

ToC

Bk. 11 of the Encyclopedia, Propounding Metaphysics, in Two Distinct Parts  in The Encyclopedia in Seven Distinct Tomes…  (Herborne, 1630), pp. 573-630

Table of Contents

1. On Being  573
2. On Essence  576
3. On Existence  577
4. On Duration  578
5. On the Affections [Mode, Attributes & Passions] of Being in General  579
6. On Unity  580
7. On Truth  582
8. On Goodness  585
9. On Number  586
10. On Order  587
11. On Perfection  587
12. On Beauty  588
13. On Being per se & in Accidents  589
14. On Universal Being & Singular Being  590
15. On Being Act & Potential  591
16. On Independence & Dependence  594
17. On Not-Having-Been-Created & Having-Been-Created  595
18. On Being from Itself & from Another  596
19. On Absoluteness & Respectiveness   596
20. On Incorruptibility & Corruptibility  597
21. On Being, Complete & Incomplete   597
22. On Naturalness & Unnaturalness  598
23. On Simplicity & Compositeness  598
24. On a Whole & a Part  600
25. On Priorness, Connection & Posteriority  602
26. On Sameness & Diversity  603
27. On Illocality & Locality  606
28. On Permanence & Successiveness  606
29. On Measure & a thing having been Measured  607
30. On Possibility & Impossibility  607
31. On Infiniteness & Finiteness  608
32. On Being, Real & Rational  609
33. On Abstractness & Concreteness  610
34. On Beginning [Principio] & that Begun  611
35. On Cause in General  611
36. On the Efficient Cause  612
37. On the End  613
38. On Matter  614
39. On Form  614
40. On Causation  615
41. On Necessity & Non-Necessity  615
42. On a Subject & Adjunct  617
43. On Sign & Signifying  618
44. On Communicability & Incommunibility  619

Table of Part 1  620

Part 2, On Predications  620

1. On Predications in General  620
2. On Substance  621
3. On Quantity  622
4. On Quality  624
5. On Relation  625
6. On Action  627
7. On Passion  628
8. When, Where, Situation, Habitus  629

Table of Part 2  629

Keckermann, Bartholomaus – A Compendious System of the Science [Scientia] of Metaphysics, Furnished in Public Lectures in the Danzig Gymnasium, Distributed in Two Parts  (Hanau, 1609)  112 pp.  ToC  This appears to be the same as the 1615 edition.

Table of Contents

9 Tables of the Metaphysics

Bk. 1, On Substance  17

1. Metaphysics in General, in which is Precognitions  17
2. Principles of Substance  22
3. Unity, Truth & Goodness  29
4. Perfection & Beauty  36
5. Order of Priority & Posteriority  38
6. The Order of Things which Simultaneously Are  43
7. Order of Universality & Singularity  45
8. Order of Dependence  52
9. Possibility, Necessity, Contingency, Facility & Difficulty  66
10. Duration, Extension & Place  73
11. Measure & that Having Been Measured  73
12. Order of Cognation & of Union  75
13. Order of Diversity  81
14. Relation  84
15. Division of Substance  92

Bk. 2  98

1. Nature of an Accident   98
2. The Division of an Accident  100
3. Being having been Clasped  103
4. Cognate-ness, or the Image of Being  104
5. The Opposite of Being, or Non-Being  108

Baron, Robert

Philosophy being a Handmaiden to Theology, that is, a Pious & Sober Explication of Philosophical Questions Occuring from Time to Time in Theological Disputations  (1621)

Baron (1596–1639) was one of the Scottish Aberdeen doctors who had been a teacher of philosophy at the University of St. Andrews.

Note that ch. 1 is on Being & Essence.  Numerous of the other chapters contain philosophical themes as well.

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Table of Contents

Exercitation 1, On Being & Essence  1

1. The 1st Division of Real Being: it is displayed that God alone is a necessary being  1

2. The 2nd Division of Real Being: it is proved that God alone is being through essence [his being is identical to his essencel]  3

3. The 3rd Division of Real Being: it is explicated in what way God is pure act  8

4. The 4th Division of Real Being, which is sought from the modes of existence  12

5. The explication of these terms: being, essence, existence, subsistance, suppositum & person  20

6. Whether in creatures the suppositum and the singular nature of it differ in the thing  28

7. What is the cause why in created substances composition from essence and existence, and likewise from essence and subsistance, are yet not attributed to God in philosophy  34

8. Whether this having been posited, that every perfection is of the essence of God, it follows that personal subsistence is of his essence; and whether God, insofar as that is communicable to the three persons of the Trinity, may be a person, as Cajetan states.  41

9. Whether God is so common to three persons that He may be a single substance; and whether the three persons of the Trinity are three singular substances  47

10. Whether Christ, insofar as man, is a person; likewise, whether Christ, insofar as man, is everywhere  51

11. Whether the arguments of the Ubiquitarians sought from the personal union are valid  56

12. Whether the personal subsistence may be communicated to his human nature; and whether they rightly speak, who say that the humanity of Christ subsists everywhere through the subsistence; likewise that it exists everywhere according to his personal being.  64

Exercitation 2, On the Origin of the Soul & the Propagation of Sin  77

Exercitation 3, On Faith, Knowledge [Scientia] & Opinion  173

General Metaphysics…  All Accommodated to the Use of Theology…  (d. 1639; London, 1658)  479 pp.  ToC 1, 2  Outline

Ames, William – A Theological Disputation Against Metaphysics  (Leiden, 1632)  18 pp.  19 theses

Ames (who was a Ramist) himself used metaphysical categories and distinctions.  This work is a broadside against the abuse and subtleties of metaphysics.  He frequently counters the Romanist Suarez’s metaphysical teachings.

Burgersdijck, Franco – Institutions of Metaphysics in Two Books…  last ed., largely emended  (Hague, 1657)  ToC

Burgersdijck (1590-1635) was a Dutch, reformed logician and professor of moral and natural philosophy.  He was also earlier a professor of philosophy at the French University of Saumur.

Table of Contents

Bk. 1

1. On the Nature of Metaphysics  1
2. On the Common Account of Being  10
3. On that which is a Medium Between Being & Nothing, in General  20
4. On Privation & an External Denomation  21
5. On Rational Being  30
6. On Relation  34
7. On the Modes of Beings  44
8. On Uncircumscribed Principles, or on Essence & Existence  49
9. On Circumscribed Principles of Metaphysics  57
10. On the Affections of Being in General  59
11. On Unity & Multiplicity in General  61
12. On Numerical & Formal Unity, & on the Principle of Individuation  66
13. On Universal Unity  75
14. On Species & Grades of Unity  82
15. On Diversity or Distinction, & Convenience  87
16. On Opposition  95
17. On Order  100
18. On Truth & Falsity  104
19. On the Adjuncts of Truth
20. On Good & Evil  117
21. On Locality, Temporality & Duration  128
22. On a Whole & Part  139
23. On Cause & Causation in General  145
24. On Material Cause  151
25. On Formal Cause  158
26. On Efficient Cause  167
27. On the End  181
28. On Subject & Adjunct  193
29. On that which is Necessary, Impossible, Contingent & Possible  204
30. On Potency & Act  213
31. On being Perfect & Imperfect, or on Perfectability & Perfection  221

Bk. 2

Maccovius, Johannes & Adrian Heereboord – Metaphysics Adorned & Applied for the Use of Questions in Philosophy & Theology, 3rd edition, Explicated, Vindicated & Refuting by Adrian Heereboord  (Leiden, 1658)  293 pp.  ToC

Table of Contents

Dedications & Epistle
Preface
ToC
Bk. 1

1. On the Nature of Metaphysics  1
2. On the Principles of External Being  5
3. On the Principles of Internal Being  7
4. On the Modes of Being in General  11
5. On Oneness  16
6. On the Subject  28
7. On the Truth  38
8. On the Good  51
9. On Necessity & Contingency  69
10. On Simplicity & Composition  81
11. On Measure & Something Measured  97
12. On Sign & that Signified  108
13. On Beginning & Having Begun, as well as the Efficient Cause  119
14. On the End  145
15. On Matter  154
16. On Form  164
17. On Priorness & Those Things which are Called Simultaneous  172

Bk. 2

1. On Substance 179
2. On Accidentalness in General, & in Specific on Quantity 198
3. On Quality 215
4. On Action 232
5. On Passion 244
6. On Relation 250
7. On Encompassed Being 270
8. On Cognate-ness & the Opposite of Being 282-98

Index of Theological Questions
Philosophical Index of Terms, Distinctions, Questions & Canons

Rutherford – Providence Appendix

Heereboord, Adrian – Philosophical Outlines [Meletemata], in which Most Things in Metaphysics are Ventilated, the Whole of Ethics…  is Explained, Universal Physics is Expounded through Theorems & Commentaries, & a Sum of Logical Things is Given through Disputations…  2nd ed.  (Leiden, 1659)  ToC

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On Particular Issues

Alsted, Johann Heinrich – A Metaphysical Disputation on Uncreated Substance  (Herborne, 1615)  24 pp.

Maccovius, Johannes – Tract on the Soul having been Separated  ToC  in Metaphysics, a Tract of the Same [Author] is attached on the Soul Having been Separated, now first forged  (Leiden, 1650)  The larger Metaphysics work is the same as that below edited by Heereboord.

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