Providence

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Order of Contents

Articles  4
Book  1
Latin  1
Historical Theology  3
Romanist Views  2

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Articles

Medieval

Aquinas, Thomas – A Compendium of Theology

ch. 129, ‘Movement of Man’s Will by God’

ch. 131, ‘Immediate Disposing of All Things by God’

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1500’s

Calvin, John & Theodore Beza – ‘Calvin & Beza on Providence: Translations by Knox’  trans. John Knox  (1545, 1558, 1560; 2021)

These two valuable pieces on Providence by Calvin and Beza, though previously available in English, have lain in obscurity, so much so that most people likely do not know that they exist.  They originally appeared, translated by John Knox from the French and Latin respectively, in the midst of Knox’s massive treatise on predestination.  That treatise remains in old English, which is old enough and difficult enough that to many it is unreadable.

The Libertines, having such a high view of God’s eternal decree, held to what is known in philosophy as a form of Occasionalism, that all events that occur are directly and immediately worked by God.  True secondary causation is eliminated.  One main problem with this is that it makes God the Author of Sin, something that the Libertines expressly affirmed.  Calvin here not only repudiates this blasphemy, but he also lays out three ways (and only three ways) in which God brings all things to pass through his providence, herein establishing true secondary causation.

Beza provides 29 propositions on providence from his work against Sebastian Castellio, touching upon similar themes as Calvin.  Both Calvin and Beza’s pieces, while making some basic distinctions, expound the Lord’s providence in a way that is easy to grasp with illustrations from Scripture and human life.

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1900’s

Berkhof, Louis – ‘Providence’  HTML  1949  32 paragraphs from his Systematic Theology

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Book

Flavel, John

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Latin

Rutherford

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Historical Theology

On the 1500’s-1600’s

ed. Ballor, Gaetano & Sytsma – Beyond Dordt & de Auxiliis: The Dynamics of Protestant & Catholic Soteriology in the Sixteenth & Seventeenth Centuries  in Studies in the History of Christian Traditions  Buy  (Brill, 2019)  368 pp.

de Auxillis means ‘on helps’, referring to certain gracious gifts or helps of God with respect to certain abilities of man in salvation according to the Roman Catholic tradition.

Blurb:  “An exploration of post-Reformation inter-confessional theological exchange between Reformed, Dominican, Arminian, and Jesuit theologians on controversial soteriological topics. These essays bring theological works into meaningful points of contact in a European-wide struggle with the legacy of Augustine.”

“The title of the book mentions two of the most important events among Protestants and Roman Catholics in the early modern period dealing with the nature of divine grace: The Synod of Dordt [1618-19] and the Congregatio de Auxiliis [1582-1611]…  to view them…  as snapshots of the history of dogma which represent a larger conversation in these Western traditions…  Beyond Dordt and De Auxiliis reminds us that just as the early modern theologians read outside their own tradition to understand it more fully, so contemporary Protestants and Roman Catholics will best understand our own traditions by reading earnestly outside of them.” – Michael Lynch

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On the 1600’s-1700’s

Goudriaan, Aza – Ch. 3, ‘The Providence of God, Secondary Causality, & Related Topics’  in Reformed Orthodoxy & Philosophy, 1625-1750…  Pre  Buy  (2006)

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On the 1600’s

Sturdy, Robert C. – Freedom from Fatalism: Samuel Rutherford’s (1600-1661) Doctrine of Divine Providence  Pre  (V&R, 2021)  This is a book version of his dissertation  Ref.

For a glimpse into the work, see the popular survey given in this blog review, pt. 1, 2 et al.

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Romanist Views

Articles

Aichele, Alexander – Pt. 1, ‘Freedom of Will & God’s Providence’  in A Companion to Louis de Molina  Pre  (Brill, 2014), pp. 3-54

Freddoso, Alfred J. – ‘Suarez on God’s Causal Involvement in Sinful Acts’  86 paragraphs

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