Congregationalism and Independency

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Order of Contents

Articles
Books
Theological Points
.     Ordination
.     Lay-Preaching & Administering the Sacraments
.     Excommunication
.     Good & Necessary Consequence

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Articles

Cunningham, William – ‘Congregationalism, or Independency’  1863  11 pp.  in Historical Theology, vol. 2, p. 545 ff.

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Books

1600’s

Rutherford, Samuel

A Peaceable and Temperate Plea for Paul’s Presbytery in Scotland…  the grounds of Separation and the Independency of Particular Congregations…  are Examined and Tried  EEBO  1642  350 pp.  Table of Contents

The Due Right of Presbyteries, or, A Peaceable Plea for the Government of the Church of Scotland  1644  Table of Contents

A Survey of the Survey of that Sum of Church-Discipline penned by Mr. Thomas Hooker…  wherein the way of the churches of New England is now Re-Examined  1658  Table of Contents

Apollonius, Willem – A Consideration of Certain Controversies at this Time Agitated in the Kingdom of England, concerning the Government of the Church of God  1645  145 pp.  Table of Contents

Wood, James – A Little Stone Pretended to be Out of the Mountain [Dan. 2:35], Tried  1654  412 pp.  Table of Contents

Wood (c.1609-1664) was a Scottish Resolutioner and an esteemed, professorial colleague of Rutherford.  Wood, according to the later Free Church of Scotland professor, James Walker, was ‘among our ablest men’ and wrote ‘perhaps the best Scottish discussion of Church authority’ in his treatise against Independency.   This work was written against the English Independent Nicholas Lockyer.

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Ordination

Gillespie, George

A Treatise of Miscellany Questions  n.d.

ch. 2, ‘Of the Election of Pastors with the Congregation’s Consent’  10 pp.  pp. 4-14

ch. 3, ‘Whether Ordination be Essential to the Calling of a Minister?’  9 pp.  pp. 14-23

ch. 4, ‘Objections Against the Necessity of Ordination Answered’  4 pp.  pp. 23-27

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Lay-Preaching & Administering the Sacraments

Gillespie, George, A Treatise of Miscellany Questions  n.d.

Lay-Preaching

Ch. 5, ‘Whether these prophets and prophesyings in the primitive church, 1 Cor. 14; 12:28; Eph. 4:11; were extraordinary and not so to continue; or whether they are precedents for the preaching or prophesying of such as are neither ordained ministers nor probationers for the ministry’ 

Gillespie argues against the Independents who claimed that their practice of unordained lay-preaching was warranted from the ‘prophets’ and ‘prophesying’ of the New Testament, which they took to include gifted, non-ordained lay-persons.

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Lay-Administration of the Sacraments

ch. 6, ‘Whether any other but a Minister, Lawfully Called and Ordained, may Administer the Sacraments, Baptism and the Lord’s Supper?’  n.d.  3 pp.  in A Treatise of Miscellany Questions, pp. 36-38

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Excommunication

Independent Churches do not have the Right of Greater Excommunication

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Good & Necessary Consequence

Gillespie, George – ‘That Necessary Consequences form the Written Word of God do Sufficiently and Strongly Prove the Consequent or Conclusion; if theoretical, to be a certain Divine truth which ought to be believed; and, if practical, to be a necessary duty which we are obliged unto jure divino?’  being ch. 20 of A Treatise of Miscellany Questions

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“…the Independents… who, when some of them were in Scotland with Cromwell [1650’s], when they saw the form and order of the Church of Scotland, particularly great Doctor [John] Owen said to Mr. Donald Cargil that, if he was to reside in Scotland, he would entirely fall in with this Church, and think it his honor to sit a member in one of her assemblies.”

Patrick Walker
Six Saints 1.152

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Related Pages

Church Government

Presbyterianism

The Ruling of the Church

The Regulative Principle of Church Government