Polemical Theologies, Heresiographies & Surveys of the Sects

For a bishop [elder] must be…  the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry…  sober…  temperate…  Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.  For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers…  whose mouths must be stopped…  that they may be sound in the faith.”

Titus 1:7-11

“And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the Lord be God, follow Him: but if Baal, then follow him.”

1 Kings 18:21

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Definitions:

Polemical, elenctic or controversial theology is aimed at, and organized by refuting errors, false doctrines, sects, heresies and false religions with Scripture and the light of nature.  ‘Polemic’ and ‘elenctic’ come from Greek words meaning ‘war’ and ‘refutative’ respectively.

Heresiographies refer to works that survey and categorize heresies.  A heresy is a teaching that contradicts, or tends to subvert, a fundamental of the Christian faith.  Sects are Christian churches that err in secondary matters which do not tend to subvert fundamentals of the faith.

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Subsections

On Atheism                                        On Separatism & Brownism

On Islam                                             On Antinomianism

On Judaism                                        On Erastianism

On Socinianism                                  On Voluntaryism

On Romanism                                     On Ecclesiocracy

On Greek & Eastern Orthodoxy          On Prelacy & Episcopacy

On Arminianism                                   On Congregationalism & Independency

On Anabaptism

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Order of Contents

English

Polemical Theologies  7+
Systematic Theologies that Emphasize Polemics  8+
Heresiographies & Surveys of Sects  5
Surveys of Christian Lands & Other Religions  3
On Heresies & Error  6
The History of Heresies  6
On Controversies  2
On the Polemical Theologian  1

Latin

Polemical Theologies  18+
Systematic Theologies that Emphasize Polemics  16+
Bible Commentaries that Emphasize Polemics  2
On Heresies  1
On Controversies  8+
On the Polemical Theologian  2

French  1
Bibliography  1

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Handbooks of Polemical Theology

1600’s

Rutherford, Samuel – A Survey of the Spiritual Antichrist, Opening the Secrets of Familism & Antinomianism in the Antichristian Doctrine of John Saltmarsh & William Del, the Present Preachers of the Army now in England, & of Robert Town, Tobias Crisp, H. Denne, Eaton & Others: in which is Revealed the Rise & Spring of Antinomians, Familists, Libertines, Swencfeldians, Enthusiasts, etc., the Mind of Luther, a Most Professed Opposer of Antinomians, is Cleared & Diverse Considerable Points of the Law & the Gospel are Discovered, in Two Parts  (1648)  IA

The first half of the book is on the history and rise of Antinomians and Familists.  The second half is a survey and refutation of Antinomianism.

Lyford, William – The Instructed Christian, or the Plain Man’s Senses Exercised to Discern Both Good and Evil, being a discovery of the Errors, Heresies, and Blasphemies of these Times, and the Toleration of them…  †1653  350 pp.

Dickson, David – Truth’s Victory Over Error: or the True Principles of the Christian Religion  Buy  1662, being the first positive commentary on the Westminster Confession.  It is polemical in nature.

Turretin, Francis – Institutes of Elenctic Theology, 3 vols.  ed. James Dennison Jr.  Buy  (1679–1685; P&R)

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1800’s

Thornwell, James, H. – Collected Writings, vol. 3, ‘Theological & Controversial  Buy  (1871)

This volume takes up the Rationalist and Papal controversies.

Girardeau, John L.

Calvinism & Evangelical Arminianism  Buy  HTML, 1890  584 pp.

This book covers the gamut of the breadth of soteriology.

Discussions of Philosophical Questions  1900  532 pp.

A modern title to this book would be “Conflict of Worldviews”.  This work and the below work contain much of Girardeau’s writings on systematic issues.  Many in his day desired him to write a systematic theology, but it did not happen.

Discussions of Theological Questions  Buy  534 pp.  see the ‘Buy’ link for the table of contents.

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1900’s

Various – The Fundamentals, 4 vols.  Buy  1909

This was the foundational work of fundamentalism as a counter-response to the growing liberalism of the day.  These volumes were intended to be a systematic defense of Christianity against liberal errors.  It includes 100 articles authored by leading scholars including B. B. Warfield, James Orr, G. Campbell Morgan, Charles Erdman, H. C. G. Moule, and Bishop Ryle.  This set is solid.  It does not contain the numerous distinctive weaknesses that fundamentalism would later develop.

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Systematic Theologies that Emphasize Polemics

1500’s

Calvin, John – Institutes of the Christian Religion, vols. 123  Buy  (1559)  tr. Henry Beveridge  ToC

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1600’s

Trelcatius, Jr., Lucas – A Brief Institution of the Common Places of Sacred Divinity, Wherein, the Truth of Every Place is Proved, and the Sophisms of Bellarmine are Reproved  2nd ed.  (1610)  595 pp.

Trelcatius Jr. (1573-1607) was a professor of theology at Leiden.  Robert Bellarmine was a prominent Roman Catholic apologist. 

Leigh, Edward – A System or Body of Divinity… wherein the Fundamentals & Main Grounds of Religion are Opened, the contrary Errors Refuted, most of the Controversies Between us, the Papists, Arminians & Socinians Discussed & Handled  (London, 1654)

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1700’s

à Brakel, Wilhelmus – The Christian’s Reasonable Service, in which Divine Truths concerning the Covenant of Grace are Expounded, Defended Against Opposing Parties…, vols. 1234  Buy  1700, translated by Bartel Elshout

de Moor, Bernard – Continuous Commentary on John Marck’s Didactic-Elenctic Compendium of Christian Theology  Buy  (1761- 1772)

Only the first three chapters, in three volumes, are presently (2021) available in English translation, but look for further volumes in the future.  As portions are translated, excerpts are being put up at the blog.  The table of contents to the whole has been translated on the page, Reformed Systematic Theologies in Latin, 1651-1700’s.

De Moor “maintained the fundamental line of confessional orthodoxy without drawing heavily on any of the newer philosophies…  [and he] maintained a fairly centrist Reformed position… Vitringa and De Moor served as codifiers and bibliographers of the earlier tradition, the former from a federalist, the latter from a nonfederalist perspective.  Indeed, De Moor’s efforts did for later Reformed orthodoxy what the massive system of Quenstedt did for Lutheranism in the concluding years of the seventeenth century: the work was so exhaustive and so complete in detail and bibliography that it virtually ended the development of Reformed doctrine in the form of orthodox system.” – Richard Muller

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1800’s

Hodge, Charles – Systematic Theology, vol. 1 (Theology), 2 (Anthropology), 3 (Soteriology & Eschatology)  Buy  (1872-4)

Dabney, Robert L. – [Systematic Theology] Syllabus & Notes of the Course of Systematic & Polemic Theology Taught in Union Theological Seminary, Virginia  Buy  (1878)  915 pp.  ToC

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1900’s

Berkhof, Louis – Systematic Theology  Buy  784 pp.

This is a classic, brief, one volume systematic theology.  It was originally intended to be an abbreviated summary of the thought of Bavinck’s four volume Reformed Dogmatics.  The online link does not include Berkhof’s introduction to systematic theology, though the copy for purchase linked does.

Henry, Carl – God, Revelation & Authority, 6 vols.  Buy  1976-83

Henry was an influential evangelical of the mid-1900’s and professor of theology at Fuller Theological Seminary.  His work is massive, philosophical and something of a bedrock in its field.  While not a complete systematic theology, it is a more than complete defense of the doctrine of God and revelation.

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Heresiographies & Surveys of Sects

See also Rutherford’s Survey of the Spiritual Antichrist above.

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1600’s

Pagitt, Ephraim

Heresiography, or, A Description of the Heretics & Sectaries of These Latter Times  (London, 1645)

Pagit (c. 1575–1647) was an English, royalist, clergyman and heresiographer who took the Solemn League & Covenant, and joined in a petition to Parliament to establish presbyterianism, probably as a preferable alternative to Independency.  Pagitt was in favor of the Anglican Prayer-book and found his doctrinal standard in the Anglican 39 Articles.  Pagitt was a great linguist, having said to be able to write 15-16 languages. 

Pagitt’s Heresiography of 1645 well references its claims and was a precursor to the better-known Gangraena of Edwards.  The Oxford English Dictionary indicates that the title of this book was a neologism, derived by analogy from Christianography, an earlier title of his.

Baillie, Robert – A Dissuasive from the Errors of the Time wherein the Tenets of the Principal Sects, especially of the Independents, are Drawn Together in One Map, for the most part in the Words of their Own Authors, and their Main Principles are Examined by the Touchstone of the Holy Scriptures  (London, 1645)  ToC

Edwards, Thomas

The First & Second Part of Gangræna, or, A Catalogue & Discovery of Many of the Errors, Heresies, Blasphemies & Pernicious Practices of the Sectaries of this Time, Vented & Acted in England in these Four Last Years, also a Particular Narration of Diverse Stories, Remarkable Passages, Letters: an Extract of Many Letters, All Concerning the Present Sects: Together with Some Observations upon & Corollaries From All the Fore-named Premises  (London, 1646)

Edwards (1599–1647) was an English presbyterian and puritan who wrote at large against the sects, Independents and the unlimited toleration of such.  One of his sons was John Edwards (d. 1716), an important, later reformed Anglican divine.

The Third Part of Gangræna, or a New & Higher Discovery of the Errors, Heresies, Blasphemies & Insolent Proceedings of the Sectaries of these Times; with some Animadversions by way of Confutation upon many of the Errors & Heresies Named…  Brief Animadversions on many of the Sectaries’ Late Pamphlets, as Lilburne’s and Overton’s Books Against the House of Peers, Mr. Peters, his last report of the English wars, The Lord Mayors farewell from his office of majoralty, Mr. [John] Goodwin’s [an Arminian] Thirty-Eight Queries upon the Ordinance against heresies & blasphemies, Mr. [Henry] Burton’s [an Independent puritan] Conformity’s Deformity, Mr. Dell’s sermon before the House of Commons…  As also some few hints & brief observations on diverse pamphlets written lately against me & some of my books…  (London, 1646)

Well-Wisher of Truth & Peace – A Relation of Several Heresies: 1 Jesuites. 2 Socinians. 3 Arminians. 4 Arians. 5 Adamites. 6 Libertines. 7 Anti-scriptarians. 8 Soule-sleepers. 9 Anabaptists. 10 Familists. 11 Expectants & Seekers. 12 Divorcers. 13 Pelagians. 14 Millenaries. 15 Anti-Sabbatarians. 16 Anti-Trinitarians. 17 [7th Day] Sabbatarians. 18 Separatists. 19 Apostolics. 20 Antinomians. Discovering the original ring-leaders & the time when they began to spread: as also their dangerous opinions & tenets…  (London, 1646)

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Surveys of Christian Lands & Other Religions

1600’s

Pagitt, Ephraim

Christianography: or the Description of the Multitude & Sundry Sorts of Christians in the World Not Subject to the Pope, with their Unity, & how they Agree with the Protestants in the Principal Points of Difference Between Them & the Church of Rome  (London, 1636)  ToC

Pagit (c. 1575–1647) was an English, royalist, clergyman and heresiographer who took the Solemn League & Covenant, and joined in a petition to Parliament to establish presbyterianism, probably as a preferable alternative to Independency.  Pagitt was in favor of the Anglican Prayer-book and found his doctrinal standard in the Anglican 39 Articles.  Pagitt was a great linguist, having said to be able to write 15-16 languages. 

Pagitt’s Heresiography of 1645 well references its claims and was a precursor to the better-known Gangraena of Edwards.  The Oxford English Dictionary indicates that the title of this book was a neologism, derived by analogy from Christianography, an earlier title of his.

Ross, Alexander – Pansebeia, or a View of All Religions in the World: with the Several Church-Governments, from the Creation till these Times. Also, a Discovery of All Known Heresies, in all Ages & Places: & Choice Observations & Reflections Throughout the Whole  (d. 1654; London, 1696)  ToC  Index  After the Index are mini-biographies of arch-heretics.

Ross (c. 1590–1654) was a prolific, reformed Scottish writer and controversialist. He was Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Charles I.  A 20th century academic has called Ross “the vigilant watchdog of conservatism and orthodoxy”.

Turner, William – The History of All Religions in the World, from the Creation Down to this Present Time in Two Parts: the First Containing their Theory, & the Other Relating to their Practices…  to which is Added, a Table of Heresies: as also a Geographical Map Showing in what Country Each Religion is Practiced  (London, 1696)  Table of Heresies  (organized by the theological doctrine they deny)

This work was published when comparative religion was becoming popular at the beginnings of the Enlightenment.  At this early date, such works still yet retained a Christian perspective, in contrast to the attempt of pure neutrality that would come later.

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On Heresies & Error

Articles

Cranford, James – Haereseo-Machia [Heresy-Fighter], or, the Mischief which Heresies Do, & the Means to Prevent it: Delivered in a Sermon…  (London, 1646)

Cranford (c.1592–1657) was an English puritan and presbyterian.  Cranford wrote a preface to Edwards’s Gangraena.

Vines, Richard – The Authors, Nature & Danger of Hæresy: Laid open in a Sermon Preached before the Honorable House of Commons…  being Set Apart as a Solemn Day of Public Humiliation to Seek God’s Assistance for the Suppressing & Preventing of the Growth & Spreading of Errors, Heresies & Blasphemies  (London, 1647)  on 2 Pet. 2:1

Sedgwick, Obadiah – The Nature & Danger of Heresies: Opened in a Sermon before the Honorable House of Commons…  being the Day of their Solemn Monthly Fast  (London, 1647)  on Rev. 12:15-16

Bagshaw, Edward – The Necessity & Use of Heresies, or the Third & Last Part of the Great Question about Indifferent Things in Religious Worship. Containing an Answer to the Objection Against Liberty of Conscience, from the Growth & Spreading of Heresies  (London, 1662)  30 pp.  on 1 Cor. 11:19

Bagshaw (1629–1671) was an English Nonconformist minister and theologian, known as a controversialist.  His sympathies were with the fringe Independent sects of the Commonwealth period, and after the English Restoration of 1660 his life was embattled.  Richard Baxter criticized Bagshaw as “an Anabaptist, Fifth Monarchy man, and a Separatist”; Baxter argued for remaining in the Anglican Church while Bagshaw argued for separating from it; he criticized Baxter’s lukewarm position on dissent.

John Locke replied to Bagshaw’s Great Question about Indifferent Things in Religious Worship.

Hill, Samuel – The Necessity of Heresies Asserted & Explained in a Sermon to the Clergy  (London, 1688)  on 1 Cor. 11:19

Hill (c.1648-1716) was a reformed Anglican.

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Books

1600’s

Bolton, Samuel – The Arraignment of Error, or a Discourse Serving as a Curb to Restrain the Wantonness of Men’s Spirits in the Entertainment of Opinions & as a Compass whereby we may Sail in the Search & Finding of Truth; Distributed into Six Main Questions… & in Conclusion of All, Some Motives & Means Conducing to an Happy Accommodation of our Present Differences are Subjoined  (London, 1646)

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The History of Heresies

On the Early Church

Berzon, Todd S. – Classifying Christians. Ethnography, Heresiology, & the Limits of Knowledge in Late Antiquity  Pre  Buy  (Univ. of California Press, 2016)

This work provides “an account of heresiological writing from the second to fifth century”.

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On All of Church History

1600’s

Ross, Alexander – Pansebeia, or a View of All Religions in the World: with the Several Church-Governments, from the Creation till these Times. Also, a Discovery of All Known Heresies, in all Ages & Places: & Choice Observations & Reflections Throughout the Whole  (d. 1654; London, 1696)  ToC  Index  After the Index are mini-biographies of arch-heretics.

Ross (c. 1590–1654) was a prolific, reformed Scottish writer and controversialist. He was Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Charles I.  A 20th century academic has called Ross “the vigilant watchdog of conservatism and orthodoxy”.

Baxter, Richard – Church-History of the Government of Bishops & their Councils Abbreviated, Including the Chief Part of the Government of Christian Princes & Popes, & a True Account of the Most Troubling Controversies & Heresies Till the Reformation…  (London, 1680)

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1900’s

Cozens, M.L. – A Handbook of Heresies  (NY, 1945)

Clifton, Chas – Encyclopedia of Heresies & Heretics  (NY, 1998)  184 pp.

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2000’s

McGrath, Alister – Heresy: a History of Defending the Truth  (NY, 2009)  296 pp.

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On Controversies

Article

Dury, John – pp. 4-18  of pt. 1 of A Case of Conscience Concerning Ministers Meddling with State Matters in, or out of, their Sermons…  (London, 1649)

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Book

1700’s

Werenfels, Samuel – A Discourse of Logomachus [Word-Fighting]: or Controversies about Words, so Common Among Learned Men…  (1711)  236 pp.  ToC

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On the Polemical Theologian

Witsius, Herman – ‘The Character of the Genuine Theologian’  tr. Archibald Alexander  in The Biblical Repertory & Theological Review  (April, 1832), pp. 158-170

The original Latin of the title was, ‘Theologus Modestus [Moderate, Temperate]…’

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Latin

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Latin Polemical Theologies

1500’s

Beza, Theodore – Theological Tracts, in which many of the Doctrines of the Christian Religion are Restored to Whole and Defended from the Word of God Against the Heretical Sects of our Times, vol. 123  (Geneva, 1570)  There are subject indices at the end of each volume.

Beza (1519-1605)

Table of Contents

Vol. 1

1. A Confession of the Christian Faith, & a Collation of the Same with Papal Heresies  1

2. Another Brief Confession of Faith, of the same thing with a Superior Argument  80

3. That Heretics Ought to be Punished by the Civil Magistrate, against the Mishmash of Martin Bell & the Sect of the New Academics  85

4. A Sum of the Whole of Christianity, or a Description & Distribution of the Causes of the Salvation of the Elect & the Destruction of Reprobates, Collected & Explicated out of the Sacred Letters  170

5. A Sum of Doctrine on a Sacramental Thing  206

6. A Plain & Perspicuous Tract on the Lord’s Supper, in which the Calumnies of Joachim Westphal [a Lutheran] are Refelled  211

7. Cyclops, A Dialogue on the True Communication of the Body & Blood of the Lord, against the Comments of Tilemann Heshusen [a Lutheran]  259

8. A Purging of the Calumnies by which have been spattered on the Genevan Church by Tilemann Heshusen [a Lutheran]  312

9. A Response to the Calumnies of Sebastian Castellio which endeavor to subvert the One Fundamental of our Salvation, that is, the Eternal Predestination of God  337

10. A Response to the Defenses & Reprehensions of Sebastian Castellio which defend his interpretation of the New Testament against Beza & in turn tries to reprehend his version  425

11. A Response to the Arguments of Johannes Brent & the theses of Jacob Andreae [who were Lutherans] which seek to confirm the Omnipresence of the Body of Christ, that is, [a Response] against the renewed errors of Nestorius & Eutyches  507

[Nestorius (386-450) held, to simplify, that Christ was two persons.  Eutyches (c. 380-c. 456) held that Christ had one mixed nature.]

12. Of the Hypostatic Union in Christ of the Two Natures, an Assertion Against Jacob Andreae  625

13. Homoiousias:  of the Unity of the Divine Essence & the Three Personal  Subsistences in it against the Arians

14. Theses or Axioms on the Trinity of Persons & the Unity of Essence  651

15. Some variously numbered Psalms of David Expressed: a Specimen of the Whole Future Work if the Lord so Furnishes  654

16. A Short Book of Christian Questions & Responses, in which the Principal Heads of the Christian Religion are Propounded  669

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vol. 2

1. Of Polygamy  1

2. Of Repudiations & Divorces  64

3. Of the Peace of Christian Churches through establishing a Council, unto the Sacred Majesty of Caesar & the State of the Congregations of the August Roman Empire  138

4. A Defense of the Sacramental Conjunction of the Body & Blood of Christ with the Sacred Symbols against the most False Demonstrations of Matthew Flacius Illyricus & his Apology  152

5. A Defense to the Libel of the Sorbonne Theologian F. Claude de Xainctes, to which the title is affixed, An Examination of the Calvinian & Bezan Doctrine on the Lord’s Supper Collected out of the Writings of their Authors  257

6. A Response to the Railings of Friedrich Balduin [a Lutheran] of Ecebol, the Apostate  334

7. Another Defense to the Response of Francis Claude of the Saints  334

8. A Brief & Necessary Response to the Calumnies of Dr. Nikolaus Selnecker & the Theologians of Jena [Germany]  407

9. A Modest & Christian Defense to the Abusive & Virulent Response of Dr. Nikolaus Selnecker  423

10. The Third Defense to the Crying of Nikolaus Selnecker  453

Appendices

Of the Communication & Enlivening Power of the Body of Christ by the Continuous Sentiment of Cyril, explicated out of the Writings of the Same & Other Fathers, by the Author Christian Hessiandro  1

The Diallacticon of a Good & Learned Man, on the Truth, Nature & Substance of the Body & Blood of Christ in the Eucharist  31

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vol. 3

1. The Third Response to Francis Claude of the Saints  1

2. A Defense to the Acts of the Assembly of 15 Theologians held at Torgau [Germany]  53

3. A Mild & Christian Dispute with Dr. Johann Pappus [a Lutheran] on the Hypostatic Union in Christ of the Two Natures & its Effects  75

4. A Response for the Truth for the Body of Christ Against the Fiction of Ubiquity & the clamor of William Holder  101

5. A Response to some Stinking Calumnies of Jacob Andreae [a Lutheran]  124

6. A Tract on the Visible Marks of the True Catholic Church  132

7. A Response on the Lord’s Supper against the Dogmas of Jodoc Harch of Montens  148

8. A Book of Theological Epistles  186

9. Two Homilies Against the Errors of the Sacramentarians for the True Presence of Christ in the Lord’s Supper  309

10. Another Part of Questions & Responses, which is on the Sacraments  324

11. The Life of John Calvin Accurately Described  365

12. A Short Book of the Presbytery, Theodore of Rhaeten on the Hypostatic Union, edited & made into Latin from the Greek  390  to which is adjoined a [summary] collation [of orthodox doctrine in theses] against Heresies  399

13. A Tract on the Doctrine & True Use of Absolute Predestination  402

On Justification  437

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1600’s

Forbes, John – Historical & Theological Instructions on Christian Doctrine, the Varied State of Things, on the Errors & Controversies that have Arisen…  (Amsterdam, 1645)  Extended Table of contents  This work was commended by Polyander, Trigland, Spanheim, Voet, Maets, Hoornbeeck, Cloppenburg, Coccejus and Maresius, as well as Gerhard Vossi, an Arminian.

Forbes (1593-1648) was one of the Scottish Aberdeen doctors.  He held to episcopacy, defended the Five Articles of Perth (which introduced five innovations in worship) and argued that the Scottish National Covenant (1638) was unlawful.

This work of his gained him the reputation of being one of the greatest theologians of the reformed Church.  The covenanters ‘acknowledged his orthodoxy and high Christian character’, according to the DNB.  Rutherford critiques him in Divine Right of Church Government (1646) on pp. 652-3 and in the Appendix on kneeling for the Lord’s Supper and the nature of indifferent matters and Church authority.

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Brief Table of Contents

1. Of God  1
2. Of the Mystery of the Incarnation  77
3. Of the Variegated Condition of the Churches, & many heresies & dissensions, of the 5th Ecumenical Council & of some other Councils, & then so far of the state of things after the Chalcedonian Council up to the time Emperor Heracles, & of the Political Government of Italy up until Charles the Great  96
4. Of Mohammed, & of his Impiety and Sects, & of Holy War & some other Wars  173
5. Of the Monothelites, & of Honorius, the Roman Pope, a Monothelite Heretic  222
6. Contra the Heresy of the Adoptionists  292
7. Of the Object of Religious Worship, & of the 7th & 8th Called Ecumenical Synods  301
8. Of the Pelagian Heresy, & its remnants: where is of the grace of God & the Free Choice of Man & some connected questions  373
9. Of the Sacraments in General, where is of the nature, efficacy & number of the Sacraments of the New Testament  441
10. Of Baptism, contra the errors of the Donatists, Papists & Some Others  473
11. Of the Eucharist  533
12. Of Repentance, & some Connected Questions contra the Errors of the Gnostics, the Most Blessed, the Lutherans, Novatians, the Papists, etc.  625
13. Of Pugatory & of Votes for the Expired  670
14. Of the Unity of the Church, & of Schism  708
15. Of the Primacy of the Apostle Peter  734
16. Of the Successors of Peter & the Other Apostles  754

Maresius, Samuel – A New Synopsis of Elenctic Theology, or an Index of the Controversies of Faith out of the Sacred Scriptures, vol. 12  (1646-7)

Maresius (1599-1673)

Alting, J. Henricus

The Scriptural Theology of Heidelberg, vol. 1, containing Didactic & then Elenctic Common Places (Freistad [= Amsterdam], 1646)

Table of Contents

Part 2, Elenctic Theology

1. Of Elenctic Theology in General  257
2. Of the Principle of Theology, the Word of God  266
3. Of God  328
4. Of Predestination  376
5. Of Creation  412
6. Of Providence  421
7. Of the Law  424
8. Of Sin & Free Will  449
9. Of the Punishment of Sin  474
10. Of the Person & Office of Christ  477
11. Of the Church  580
12. Of the Sacraments  593
13. Of Internal Calling and Justifying Faith  632
14. Of Justification  661
15. Of Sanctification  686
16. Of Glorification  693

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Alting exegetes this major Lutheran confession and argues the Reformed position.
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Table of Contents

A Syllabus of Controversies with the Lutherans

Extended Table of Contents

Table  130
Prolegomena  131

Part 1, Controversies About Doctrine

1.Of the Supper of the Lord. 3 Questions  142
2. Of the Person of Christ  177
3. Of Providence  214
4. Of Predestination, 5 Questions  225
5. Of Baptism  253

Part 2, Controversies About Ceremonies

1. Of the Discrepancy of Rituals in the Administration of Baptism & the Supper, 3 Questions  261
2. Of Other Certain Rituals  274
3. Of the Furnishing [Images & Organs] of Church Buildings  278

A New Elenctic Theology, or a System of Elenctics  (Amsterdam, 1654)  Detailed table of contents

1. Of the Nature of Theology  1
2. Of the Principle of Theology, Sacred Scripture  30
3. Of God  84
4. Of the Decrees of God & his Eternal Predestination  191
5. Of Creation  265
6. Of Providence  287
7. Of Sin in General & in Specific  320
8. Of Free Choice  355
9. Of the Punishment of Sin  384
10. Of the Law of God  402
11. Of the Gospel, or of the Covenant of Grace  455
12. Of the Person & Office of Christ  483
13. Of the Church  508
14. Of the Word & Sacraments  544
15. Of the Government of the Church: Ecclesiastical & Civil  641
16. Of Calling & Faith  712
17. Of Justification  734
18. Of Sanctification  778
19. Of Perseverance  811
20. Of Glorification  825

Appendix on the Syncretism of Religion  837-866

Hoornbeek, Johannes

On the Conversion of the Indians & Gentiles, in Two Books  (Amsterdam, 1669)  ToC  259 pp.

A Sum of Controversies in Religion with Infidels, Heretics & Schismatics  (Utrecht, 1653; 1676)

Table of Contents

Dissertation on Controversies & Theological Disputations  1

1. Of Gentilism  56
2. Of Judaism  62
3. Of Mohammedism  70
4. Of Papalism  192
5. Of Anabaptism  330
6. Of Enthusiasts & Libertines, etc.  378
7. Of Socinianism  562
8. Of Remonstrants [Arminians]  575
9. Of Lutherans  608
10. Of Brownists, etc.  738
11. Of Greeks & Orientals  833

Addenda: The Judgment of the Theological Faculty in the Academy Leiden on the Sects of the Brothers of the Rose-Cross  993

Prideaux, John – Manuductio [Introduction] ad Theologiam Polemicam  Ref  (1657)  255 pp.

Spanheim, Jr., Frederic – A Historical-Theological Chain of Select Controversies on Religion, even with the Greeks, Orientals, Jews & the Recent Anti-Scripturalists [Rationalists] [Plus Many Other Sects], in which the Fonts of Errors are Opened  (Leiden, 1683)  Extended ToC  More Extended ToC

Spanheim, Jr. (1632-1701) was a German reformed professor of theology at Heidelberg and Leiden, and son of Frederic Spanheim, Sr. (d. 1649).

Brief Table of Contents

Select Controversies with Papists  35
The Principal Controversies with Anabaptists & Fanatics  95
The Principal Controversies with Socinians & Anti-Trinitarians  132
The Principal Controversies with Today’s Arminians & Remonstrants  218
A Dissertation having Newly Refuted what Pajonists Call Immediate Grace  287
The Principle Controversies with Augsburgians [Lutherans], Commonly Called Confessional Theologians  305
The Principle Controversies with Today’s Greeks & Orientals  369
The Principle Controversies with Infidel Jews  473
Controversies with Pseudo-Philosophers, Rationalists, Anti-Scripturalists, etc.  642
A Compendious Dissertation on the Author of the Mosaic Books, contra the Writer of the Historical-Critical Old Testament  671

Clauberg, Johann & Martin Hund – Select Disputations, in which Controversies of Faith Against All Kinds of Adversaries (Principally the Socinians & Papists…) are Explicated  (Duisberg, 1665)

Clauberg (1622-1665) was a German theologian and philosopher.  Clauberg was the founding Rector of the first University of Duisburg, where he taught from 1655 to 1665.  He is known as a ‘scholastic Cartesian’.  Hund (1624-1666) was a professor of theology at Duisburg from 1655-†1666.

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Table of Contents

Clauberg

Resurrection of the Flesh, 1-3  1
Trinity, 1-12  13

Hund

Word of God, 1-3  98
Power of the Word & Phrases of Sacred Scripture, 1-4  117
Consequences Deducted out of Sacred Scripture,1-11  145
Disputation on the Presupposition of Sacred Scripture  227

Clauberg

Of the Fundamental Truth of Faith, 1-12  242
Of the Novelty of Dogmas in Theology, 1-2  347
Of the End that Ought to be Aimed at in Theology  387
Of the Faith of Antichrist, 1-2  406

Clauberg

Of Oral Chewing, 1-6  424
Of the Multi-Presence of the Body of Christ, 1-3  452
Of the Nature of Liberty, 1-2  477
Of the Distinction of the Divine & Human Intellect  487

Hund

Of the Image of God, 1-7  491
Of the Election of Men to Salvation  530
Of the Testaments & Covenants of God  545
Of the Justification of Man Before God in All his Estate  550

Essenius, Andreas – A Synopsis of Controversial Theology & a Complete Index of the Passages of Sacred Scripture which the Adversaries Use to Seek to Strengthen their Errors & Attack & Deflect the Truth, & are Accustomed to Abuse, being Propounded by a Singular, Brief Method Through their Collections  (Utrecht, 1677)  479 pp.  There is no table of contents; it goes through the subjects like a systematic theology for 20 chapters in 108 pages; then follows, for most of the volume, the Index of Scripture places, being a commentary on many verses of most of the chapters of the whole Bible, stating and refuting the opinions of sects.

Essenius (1618-1677)

Turretin, Francis

Institutes of Elenctic Theology, vols. 123  (Geneva, 1679-1686; NY, 1847)  In English: Buy

Turretin (1623–1687)

Works, vol. 4, Disputations

Table of Contents

On the Necessity of Our Secession from the Church of Rome

1. The State of the Question is Propounded: the Roman Church is Argued to be Heretics  3
2. First Part on Roman Idolatry  31
3. Second Part on Roman Idolatry  53
4. Third Part on Roman Idolatry  77
5. On Roman Tyranny  97
6. On the Romish Babylon  125
7. A Demonstration of the Antichrist  147
8. Objections are Solved  181

A Decade of Miscellaneous Disputations

1. On the Book of Life  207
2. First Part on the Authority of Holy Scripture Against the Papists  233
3. Second Part on the Authority of Holy Scripture  253
4. On the Necessity of Good Works  271
5. On the Three Heavenly Witnesses out of 1 Jn. 5:7  289
6. On the Spirit, the Water and the Blood which Bear Witness in the Earth, out of 1 Jn. 5:8  307
7. Of Baptism out of the Cloud & Water, out of 1 Cor. 10:1-2  325
8. Of Manna, out of 1 Cor. 10:3  341
9. Of the Rock, Christ, out of 1 Cor. 10:4  357
10. Of the Brass Serpent  371

On the Satisfaction of Christ, Disputations 11-23  385-712  Table of Contents

24. A Theological Disputation on the Pontifical Circle  713  [in that the Papists say that one needs the Church to interpret Scripture, and yet the Church is proved out of Scripture]

25. A Textual Exercise on the Harmony of Paul & James on the Article of Justification  731

Rissen, Leonard – A Sum of Didactic & Elenctic Theologyout of Our Theologians, Especially out of Francis Turretin’s Institutes of Theology, so Augmented & Illustrated  (Bern, 1676; 1690)  Extended Latin Table of Contents

Here is an introduction to the life of Rissen (1636-1700) with his chapter on Justification in English.

Brief Table of Contents

1. Of Theology  2
2. Of Scripture  15
3. Of God  64
4. Of the Most Holy Trinity  98
5. Of the Decrees of God  111
6. Of Predestination  124
7. Of Creation  147
8. Of the Providence of God  186
9. Of the Law & the Fall  203
10. Of the Covenant of Grace  257
11. Of Christ  268
12. Of the Offices of Christ  314
13. Of Conversion & Faith  371
14. Of Justification  411
15. Of the Decalogue & Good Works  456
16. Of the Church  554
17. Of the Sacraments  671
18. Of the Last Things  767

Cloppenburg, Johannes – All the Theological Works, vol. 2  (Elenctic & Christian Sabbath)  (Amsterdam, 1684)  ToC

Cloppenburg (1592-1652)

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1700’s

Lampe, Friedrich – Rudiments of Elenctic Theology  (Bremen, 1729)  ToC

Lampe (1683-1729) was a German Pietist pastor, theologian and professor of dogmatics. He was a Cocceian, and follower of Johannes d’Outrein.  He is known as the first Pietist leader from a reformed rather than Lutheran background.

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Latin Systematic Theologies Emphasizing Polemics

1600’s

Junius, Franciscus

The Theological Works, vol. 2, Elenctic  (Heidelberg, 1607; 1608)  The Latin table of contents is at the beginning of each volume.

Junius (1545-1602)

vol. 2, Elenctic

1. The First Defense of the Catholic Doctrine of the Sacred Trinity of Persons in the Unity of the Divine Essence Against Samosatenian Errors  1
2. The Second Defense  61
3. The Third Defense  125
4. An Examination of the Declarations & Arguments of Gratianus Prosper Against the Saving Doctrine of God, Baptism & Others  227
5. A Collation of the Catholic Doctrine of Nature & Grace  301

6. Animadversions on the First Controversy of the Word of God Written and Not Written of Robert Bellarmine of the Society of Jesus, so Called  405
7. On the Second Controversy on Christ the Head of the Whole Church  539
8. On the Third Controversy on the Highest Pontiff  633
9. On the Three Books on the Change of the Roman Empire from the Greeks to the Franks  879
10. On the Fourth Controversy, on Councils & the Church Militant  1023
11. A Single Book on the Church  997
12. On the Fifth Controversy, of the Members of the Militant Church  1173
13. Animadversions on the Appended Short Book to the 3rd Controversy  1429
14. On the Sixth Controversy, of the Church which is in Purgatory  1465

15. An Oration Against the Jesuits, a Sermon translated out of the French Idiom into Latin  1545

Animadversions on the Seventh Controversy of Robert Bellarmine, on the Church Triumphant, or of Glory & the Worship of the Saints  (St. Andrews, 1609)

Pareus, David – Theological Collections of Universal Orthodox Theology, where also All of the Present Theological Controversies are Clearly and Variously Explained, vol. 12  (1611/20)  Table of contents: vol. 12

Pareus (1548-1622)

Table of Contents, vol. 1

Collection 1, Disputations

1. Theology & the Word of God  3
2. God  8
3. The Son of God Incarnate  10
4. Problems on the Office of Christ the Mediator  12
5. Holy Spirit  15
6. Creation of the World, Angels & Men  16
7. Providence of God  18
8. Sin  21
9. Free-Will  27
10. Predestination  30
11. The Gospel & Grace  35
12. Justifying Faith  39
13. Justification by Faith, Appendix on Roman Justification  44
14. Sanctification, the other Benefit of Christ, which is Regeneration & Conversion unto God  58
15. Good Works  66
16. Sacraments in General, & the False Dogma of the Papists  69
17. Baptism  77
18. Lord’s Supper  79
19. The False & Horrid Dogma of Papists & Jesuits on the Eucharist & the Sacrifice of the Mass, out of Bellarmine & the Council of Trent  85
20. Church of God  97
21. The False Dogma of the Papists on the Church & its Notes  115
22. The Government & Ecclesiastical Ministry in the Apostolic Church  121
23. Church Government Before the Popes & under the Popes, & of the Primacy of the Pope  127

Collection 2, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  139
2. God & the Most Holy Trinity; Solution to the Sophisms Against the Distinction of Essence & Persons  141
3. Attributes of God  148
4. Creation of the World  153
5. Good & Bad Angels  156
6. Creation of Man & his First State  159
7. Providence of God  163
8. The Fall & the First Sin of Man  166
9. Sin in General & its Distinctions  170
10. Cause of Sin  174
11. The Nature, Propagation & Effects of Original Sin  179
Note on the Origin of the Human Soul  183
12. Free-Will of Man After the Fall  188
13. Punishment of Sin, Death & the Misery of Man  193
.      Testimony of S. Scripture on the Vindicatory Justice of God  196
14. Eternal Predestination of God  198
15. Grace & the Gospel  201
16. Old & New Covenant of God  204
17. Person, Office & Benefits of the Mediator  210
18. True Divinity & Humanity of Christ  213
19. Personal Union of the Two Natures of Christ  220
20. Threefold Office of Christ the Mediator  224
21. Passion, Death, Burial & Descent to ‘Inferos’ of Christ  228
22. Resurrection, Ascension & Session at the Right Hand of God of Christ  233
23. Satisfaction & Merit of Christ the Mediator  238
24. Faith  244
25. Justification  249
26. Person, Office & Gifts of the Holy Spirit  252
27. Regeneration & Conversion [Resipiscentia]  255
28. Appendix on Regeneration & Repentance, Comprehending the False Dogma of Romanists  260
Abrogation of Auricular Confession out of Socrate  264
29. The Law, its Abrogation & Use  266
30. Good Works  268
31. Christian Liberty, Human Traditions, Adiaphora & Scandal  272
32. Prayer  277
33. True Church  286
34. False Church & its Notes  289
35. Head & Members of the Church  294
36. Primacy of the Roman Pope  300
37. Antichrist  305
38. Ecclesiastical Government of the New Testament  309
39. Ministry & Ministers of the Church & their Calling  314
40. Power of the Church about Doctrine  322
41. Power of the Church about Discipline in Upholding Laws  326
42. Power of the Church about Discipline in Enacting Censures  337
43. Vows  342
.        Note on Vows, Councils & Decrees  349
44. Sacraments in General  351
45. Baptism  357
46. Lord’s Supper  365
47. Papal Mass  376
48. The Five False Marks of the Sacraments of the Papal Church  384
49. Marriage  392
Note out of Thomas: What Promise Makes or does not Make
Marriages  400
50. Civil Magistrate  403
51. Fasting & Alms  409
52. Indulgences & Purgatory  416
53. Resurrection of the Dead & the Last Judgment  420

Collection 3, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  427
2. God, One & Three  431
3. Person of Christ  433
4. Threefold Office of Christ the Mediator  435
5. Providence of God  437
6. Eternal Predestination of God  440
7. Sin  442
Note on Sin: in What Way the Theologian Disputes [It]  445
8. Free-Will  446
9. Law & Gospel  449
10. Justification by Faith  451
11. Good Works  454
12. Christian Liberty  456
13. Church  459
14. Sacraments, Baptism, Holy Supper & Antichrist  461

Collection 4, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  457
2. God & his Saving Knowledge  469
3. Person & Incarnation of the Son of God  472
4. Office of Mediator, Against the Blasphemies of Socinus  475
5. Providence of God  479
6. Eternal Predestination of God  483
Note on Some Theses of Augustine  489
7. Sin  495
8. Free-Will of Man, a Public [Disputation]  495
The Same, Free-Will of Man, a Private [Disputation]  501
9. Law & Gospel  502
10. Justification of Man Before God  505
11. Christian Liberty  508
12. Good Works  512
13. Church  516
14. Sacraments in General, & of Baptism  521
15. Lord’s Supper  523
16. Antichrist  527

Collection 5, Disputations

1. Sacred Theology & its Principles & Parts  535
2. Books Canonical & Apocryphal  538
3. Authority & Perfection of Sacred Scripture  542
4. Perspicuity & Interpretation of the Sacred Scriptures, & the Judgment of Controversies  545
5. God, One & Three  549
6. Creation of Man in the Image of God  553
7. Providence of God  555
8. Conversion [Resipiscentia]  558
9. Free-Will  563
10. Law & Gospel  564
11. Person of Christ  569
12. Office of Christ the Mediator  562
13. Antichrist  575
14. Predestination  577
15. Faith & Justification by Faith From Works  580
16. Church & its Members, Head & Qualities  583
17. Notes of the Visible Church  585
18. Sacraments in General & of Baptism  588
19. Lord’s Supper & the Papal Mass  590
20. Descent of Christ to ‘Inferos’, the Resurrection from the Dead, the Ascension to Heaven & the Session at the Right Hand  593

Collection 6, Disputations

1. Person & Office of Christ  599
2. Church  605
3. Free-Will of Man  607
4. Predestination  612
5. Sin  615
6. Faith & Justification  618
7. Good Works  620
8. Judgment of Controversies in Causes of Religion  624
9. Political Magistrate  626
10. Baptism  629
11. Holy Lord’s Supper  632
12. Prayer to God  634
13. Providence of God  638
Note on the Same  641

Collection 7, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  647
2. God  649
3. Person & Office of Christ the Mediator  650
4. Free-Will  653
5. Faith & Justification of Man Before God  655
6. Eternal Predestination of God  657
7. Christian Liberty  661
8. Church & Councils  663
9. Sacraments in General  606
10. Baptism  673
11. Eucharist of the Lord & the Papal Mass  675
12. Conversion [Resipiscentia]  679
13. Law & Gospel  681
14. Civil & Ecclesiastical Power  683
15. Marriage  686
16. Antichrist  689
17. Prayer to God & of an Oath  692

Collection 8, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  697
2. God  699
3. Person of Christ  700
4. Providence of God  704
5. Free-Will of Man  706
6. Eternal Predestination of God  708
7. Justification by Faith  711
8. Christian Liberty  713
Note on the Conscience, Good & Bad  715
9. Church & Councils  717
10. Sacraments in General  722
11. Baptism  722
12. Lord’s Supper & the Papal Mass  724
13. Repentance or Conversion [Resipiscentia]  726
14. Law & Gospel  729
15. Civil Power, or the Political Magistrate  731
16. Ministry & Ministers of the New Testament Church  734
17. Antichrist  736
18. Prayer to God  739
19. Marriage  741

Collection 9, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  747
2. God, One & Three  749
3. Eternal Predestination of God  752
4. Free-Will  755
5. Sin  757
6. Person & Office of Christ  760
7. Justification of a Sinful Man Before God  764
8. Church  767
9. Sacraments in General  771
10. Baptism  773
11. Sacred Lord’s Supper  777
12. False Dogma of the Papists About the Lord’s Supper  781
13. Monarchical State of the Church & of Antichrist  783
14. Blessedness, the Worship of Saints & Purgatory  787
15. Creation of the World  791
16. Justifying Faith & the Merits of Works  793
Note on Merit out of Biel & Thomas of Argentina  795

Collection 10, Disputations

1. Canon, Edition, Reading, Authority, Obscurity, Interpretation & Perfection of Sacred Scripture  803
2. God  807
3. Providence of God  809
4. Free-Will  812
5. Sin in General  815
6. Person of Christ  817
7. Office of Christ the Mediator  820
8. Faith & Works  823
9. Justification of Man Before God  826
10. Christian Liberty  827
11. Erroneous & False Dogmas About the Papists’ Sacrifice of the Mass  830
12. Divine Predestination  832
13. Church of God  834
14. Sacraments in General  836
15. Sacrament of Baptism  838
16. Sacred Supper of the Lord  841
17. Antichrist  845
.       Note on the Three & a Half Years of Antichrist  848
18. Prayer to Saints  849
19. Purgatory  853
20. Law & Gospel  857
21. Matrimonial Errors of the Pontiffs  860
22. Councils  862
23. Theological Question: Whether we are Schismatics or Heretics for Making a Secession from the Roman Church?  865
24. Authority, Perspicuity & Definitive, Judicial Use of the Sacred Scriptures  868

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Table of Contents, vol. 2

Collection 1, Disputations

1. Creation of Man  3
2. Fall, or the First Sin of Man  6
3. Sin of Man in General: Original & Actual  9
4. Free-Will  13
5. Divine Providence  18
6. Person & Office of Christ the Mediator  23
7. Justifying Faith  28
8. Law of God  32
9. Gospel  37
10. Justification by Faith  40
11. Sanctification  43
12. Church  46
13. Eternal Predestination of God  50
14. Sacred Scripture  55
15. Sacraments in General  59
16. Baptism  63
17. Lord’s Supper  66
18. Good Works in Particular: Prayer, Fasting & Alms  72
19. Invocation, & a Species of it: an Oath  76

Collection 2, Disputations

1. Authority, the Canonical Books, Version & Interpretation of Scripture  83
2. Perspicuity & Perfection of Sacred Scripture  86
3. God, One & Three  89
4. Incarnation of the Son of God  91
5. Descent of Christ to ‘Inferos’  93
6. Providence of God  86
7. Sin  99
8. Predestination  103
9. Free-Will of Man  106
10. Justification of a Sinner Before God  110
11. Church  113
12. Ministry & Ministers of the Church & their Lawful Calling  117
13. Of the External or Ministerial Government of the Church-Militant  121
14. Sacraments in General  125
15. Baptism  129
16. Lord’s Supper  132
17. Regeneration, or the Conversion of Man to God  136

Collection 3

1. Canon, Versions & Reading of the Sacred Scriptures  141
2. Perspicuity & Perfection of Sacred Scripture  142
3. Of God & the Trinity of Divine Persons  143
4. Providence of God  144
5. Eternal Predestination of God  146
6. Original & Actual Sin  147
7. Grace & Free-Will  148
8. Of the Covenant, or the Harmony & Difference of the Old & New Testament  150
9. The Mediator Christ, Theses of Controversy with Pagans, Jews, Samosatenians & Sophists  151
10. The Natural Union in Christ & the Communication of Properties  153
11. Justifying Faith & Justification  155
12. The Certainty of Justification, the Necessity of Works & of Merit  156
13.  Conversion, or the Regeneration of Man  157
14. The Church & its Notes  159
15. The Calling of the Ministers of the Church  160
16. The Government of the Church, & the Primacy of the Pope  162
17. Antichrist  193
18. The Sacraments in General  164
19. Baptism  166
20. The Holy Supper of the Lord, or the Eucharist  167

Collection 4, Disputations

1. Canon & Perfection of Holy Scripture  171
2. Reading, Obscurity & Interpretation of Holy Scripture  172
3. God & the Holy Trinity  173
4. Sin  174
5. Providence of God  175
6. Divine Predestination  176
7. Grace & Free-Will  177
8. Harmony & Difference of the Old & New Testament  178
9. Christ the Mediator  179
10. Person of Christ the Mediator  180
11. Justification by Faith  181
12. Certainty of Grace & the Merits of Works  182
13. Church & its Notes  183
14. State of the Saints After this Life & of their Worship  184
15. Ministry & Ministers of the Church  185
16. Sacraments in General  187

Collection 5, Disputations

1. Canon, Authority & Perfection of Sacred Scripture  191
2. Perspicuity, Interpretation & the Judgment of Interpretation of the Sacred Scripture  192
3. God & the Sacred Trinity  193
4. Providence of God  194
5. Divine Predestination  195
6. Sin, its Cause & Effect  196
7. Grace & Free-Will  197
8. Christ the Mediator  198
9. Person of Christ the Mediator  200
10. The Communication of Properties in the Person of Christ, & of his Satisfaction  201
11. Ascension of Christ to Heaven & Session at the Right Hand of God  202
12. Antichrist  204
13. Justification by Faith  205
14. The Certainty of Faith & of Justification, & not the Perfection, Justification & Merits of Good Works  206
15. Church & its Notes  207
16. Sacraments in General  208
17. Baptism  210
18. Holy Supper of the Lord  211
19. Of Statues & Images in Church Buildings  212
20. Christian Liberty  213

Collection 6, Disputations

1. Sacred Scripture  217
2. God & the Holy Trinity  219
3. Providence of God  221
4. Eternal Predestination of God  223
5. Sin & its Cause  225
6. The Person & Office of Christ the Mediator  228
7. Grace of God & Free-Will  231
8. Communication of Properties in the Person of Christ  233
9. Satisfaction of Christ the Mediator for our Sins  237
10. Of the Burial, Descent to ‘Inferos’, the Resurrection, Ascension to Heaven & Session at the Right Hand of God of Christ  239
11. Antichrist  241
12. The Justification of a Sinner Before God  245
13. Perseverance of the Saints out of the Book of Augustine, On Good Perseverance  248
14. Merits of Good Works  252
15. Church & its Notes  254
16. Calling of Ministers of the Church  257
17. Sacraments in General  262
18. Sacrament of Baptism  264
19. Sacrament of the Eucharist, or the Supper of the Lord  267
20. Of Monks & the Monastic Perfection  270
21. Of Prayer to Saints  274

Collection 7

1. Authority, Reading, Necessity, Obscurity & Perfection of Holy Scripture  281
2. God, Creation of the World & Angels  263
3. Satisfaction of Christ for Us  285
4. Providence of God  287
5. Eternal Predestination of God  291
6. Person, Office & Benefits of Christ the Mediator  299
7. Justification by Faith  305
8. Merits of Good Works, the Restricting of Foods & Fasting
9. The Certainty of Faith, of Grace, of Justification, of Perseverance, of Salvation, Predestination & Finally of the Faithful, Against the Papistical Doubt  309
10. The Ecclesiastical Ministry, the Calling of Ministers & Ecclesiastical Discipline  315
11. Sacraments in General, in Specific of Baptism  320
12. Holy Supper of the Lord  326
13. Church  331

Collection 8, Disputations

1. Authority, Interpretation, Reading, Perfection & Necessity of Sacred Scripture  339
2. Sacred Trinity in the Unity of the Divine Essence  341
3. Providence of God & the Cause of Sin  342
4. Twofold Predestination of God: One of the Good to Glory; Another of the Evil to Punishment, Wherein is Prefixed the Title of the First Book of Fulgentius to Monimum  344
5. Person & Office of Christ the Mediator  348
6. Faith & Justification  350
7. Intercession & Prayer to Saints; & of Purgatory & Images  352
8. Antichrist  354
9. Church  356
10. Free-Will & Grace  357
11. Sacraments in General & of Baptism  359
12. Sacrament of the Supper of the Lord & of the Pontifical Mass  361
13. Sin, the Cause of Sin in General & of the First Sin  362
14. Original Sin & the Sin Against the Holy Spirit  364
15. Law & Gospel & of their Difference  366
16. Political Magistrate  368
17. Good Works  370
18. Omnipotence of God, & of its Abuse  371
19. Of Fleeing the Papacy  372
20. Continuation of Fleeing the Papacy  373
21. The Heaven of the Blessed  376
22. Perseverance of the Saints  378
23. Death of Christ for All  379
24. Of Fleeing & Taking up the Popish Mass  381
25. Of the Judgment of Controversies about Religion  382
26. Of Vows & Oaths in the New Testament  385

Collection 9, 40 Disputations on the Controversies of the Jesuit Cardinal, Robert Bellarmine

1. Of the Truths & Falsehoods of Bellarmine about the Canon of the Sacred Scriptures, Book 1, ‘Assertions on the Word of God’  389
2. Of the Truths & Falsehoods of Bellarmine about the Editions, Versions & Readings of the Sacred Scriptures, Book 2, ‘Assertions on the Word of God’  397
3. Of the Falsehoods of Bellarmine about the Interpretations of the Sacred Scriptures, Book 3, ‘Assertions on the Word of God’  403
4. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about Traditions, Book 4, ‘Assertions on the Word of God’  413
5. Of God, One & Three, out of Bellarmine, Books 1 & 2, ‘Of Christ’  421
6. Of the Incarnation of the Son of God, out of Bellarmine, Books 3-5, ‘Of Christ’  424
7. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Monarchical Church of the Apostle Peter, Book 1, ‘Of the Roman Pontiff’  430
8. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Successors of the Roman Pontiff in the Monarchical Church of the Apostle Peter, Book 2, ‘Of the Roman Pontiff’  433
9. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy on the Antichrist, Book 3, ‘Of the Roman Pontiff’  436
10. Continuation of the Antichrist  442
11. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy on the Power of the Roman Pontiff, Spiritual & Temporal, Books 4-5, ‘Of the Roman Pontiff’  447
12. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy on Ecclesiastical Councils, Books 1-2  450
13. Of the Calumnies & Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Church & its Notes, Books 3-4, ‘Of the Church Militant’  455
14. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of Clerics, Book 1  465
15. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of Monks, Book 2  467
16. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Question of the Civil Power or Magistrate, Book 3, ‘Of Laymen’  470
17. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about Purgatory, Books 1-2, ‘Of Purgatory’  476
18. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Blessedness & Canonization of the Saints, Book 1, ‘Of the Blessedness of the Saints’  482
19. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Veneration of Relics & Images, Books 2-3  487
20. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Sacraments in General, Book 1, ‘Of the Sacraments’  492
21. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Effect, Difference & Number of the Sacraments, Books 2, ‘Of the Effect of the Sacraments’  498
22. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine About the Controversy of the Sacrament of Baptism & of Confirmation  503
23. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Eucharist, Books 1-2  510
24. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Possibility of the Presence of the Body of Christ under the Appearance of the Eucharist, Books 1-2  515
25. The Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Substance, Rite, Effect, Integrity & Veneration of the Sacrament of the Eucharist, Book 4, ‘Of the Eucharist’  520
26. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Mass, Books 1-2  525
27. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Pseudo-Sacrament of Penitence, Books 1-4  530
28. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of Indulgences, Extreme Unction, Ecclesiastical Order & Matrimony  536
29. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy the Grace of the First Man, Book 1, & of the Definition & Partition of Sin, Book 1, ‘Of the Amiss.[?] of Grace’  540
30. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Cause of Sin, Book 2, ‘Of the Amiss.[?] of Grace’  546
31. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the First Sin & its Effects, Books 3-6  550
32. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of Grace & Free-Will, Books 1-2  557
33. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of Free-Will, Books 3-4, ‘Of Grace & Free-Will’  562
34. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of Free-Will in Morals & Spirituals, Books 5-6, ‘Of Grace & Free-Will’  568
35. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Nature & Proper Act of Justification by Faith, Book 1, ‘Of Justification’  572
36. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Formal Cause of Justification & of Inherent Righteousness, Book 2, ‘Of Justification’  572
37. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Uncertainty, Immutability & Inequality of Righteousness, Book 3, ‘Of Justification’  590
38. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Necessity & Righteousness of Works, Book 4, ‘Of Justification’  598
39. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Merits of Works, Book 5, ‘Of Justification’  606
40. Of the Vanities of Bellarmine about the Controversy of the Good Works in Particular: Prayer, Fasting & Alms, Books 1-3  613

Scharp, John – A Course of Theology, in which All the Dogmas & Controversies of Faith Agitated in this Generation Between Us & Papists are Handled one by one and the Arguments of Bellarmine are Responded to, vol. 12 (Geneva, 1620)  Extended Latin Table of Contents

Sharp (1572-1648) was Scottish though was also influential in France.  Even though this work is against the Papists, Scharp handles most of the topics of theology in systematic order.

Brief Table of Contents

vol. 1

1. Of Theology  1
2. Of Sacred Scripture  8
3. Of Go  170
4. Of the Trinity  208
5. Of Predestination  288
6. Of Creation  366
7. Of the Image of God in Man Before the Fall  367
8. Of Angels  388
9. Of the Providence of God  408
10. Of Sin  411
11. Of Original Sin  456
12. Of Actual Sin  506
13. Of the Sin Against the Holy Spirit  522
14. Of the Evil of Punishment  531
15. Of Free Choice  542
16. Of the Law of God  585
17. Of the Gospel  688
18. The Covenant & Testament  701
19. Of Christ the Mediator  703
20. Of the Office of Christ  817
21. Of Calling  898
22. Of Justification  921
23. Of Repentance  1152
24. Of the Christian Life  1230
25. Of Christian Liberty  1236
26. Of Fasting  1251
27. Of Scandal  1265
28. Of Prayer  1269
29. Of Glorification  1280
30. Of the Resurrection of the Body  1284
31. Of the Last Judgment  1291
32. Of Life Eternal  1294
33. Of the Sacraments  1301
34. Of Baptism  1345
35. Of the Lord’s Supper  1381
36.  Of the Five Spurious Sacraments  1555

.

Vol. 2

1. Of the Church  9
2. Of the Church Triumphant  19
3. Of the Church Militant  87
4. Of the Body of the Church Militant  273
5. Of Councils  385
6. Of Monastics  441
7. Of Vows  457
8. Of the Magistrate  488
9. Of Purgatory  521

Alsted, Johann Heinrich

A Compendium of Theology, Exhibiting a Method of Scriptural Theology in 8 Parts  (Hanoviae, 1624)  Extended table of contents

Part 5, Polemical Theology, pp. 301-385

Alphabetical Index of Errors Pertaining to Polemical
Theology, p. 560 ff.

Polemical Theology, Exhibiting the Principal Eternal Things of Religion in Navigating Controversies  (Hanau, 1620; 1627)  Extended Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Prolegomena to Polemical Theology  1

Of the Division of Theological Controversies  1
Chronology of Councils  2
Chronology of Creeds  17
Chronology of Confessions [post-1500]  30
Chronology of Fathers  31
Chronology of Scholars  34
Chronology of Various Theologians  37
Chronology of Jewish Doctors  44
Chronology of Heretics & Schismatics  47
Are Theological Controversies to be Dragged on, and How?  62

Part 1, Controversies of the Jews & Muslims with Christians

1. Controversies of the Jews with Christians

1. Are Traditions Necessary Before the Word of God has been Written?  66
2. Are There Three Persons in the One Essence of God?  71
3. Is Jesus of Nazareth the Genuine Messiah Promised to the Fathers?  75
4. Is the Righteousness by which we Stand Before God the Righteousness of the Messiah, which is ours by a Gratuitous Imputation and True Faith?  103
5. Has the Legal Worship of the Old Testament been Necessarily Abolished by the Messiah?  109
6. Should the Felicity of the New Testament Church be the Specific Expectation of Any in These Lands?  111
7. Ought Jews to Convert to the Faith of Christ?  116
8. Is the Conversion of the Gentiles Predicted from the Prophets?  119
9. Is the Name YHWH Ineffable?  120
10. Does Scripture Propose to us Two Messiahs, One of Which is a Worldly King?  121
11. Are the Rabbis the Best Interpreters?  122
12. .What is the Certainty that the Jews Have in a Historical Event?  124
13. Is it Possible that a Man be Naturally Himself to the Gift of Prophecy?  125
14. Are Numerous Commandments of the Law of Moses Rightly Received from the Jews?  125
15. O’ Man, are you Able to Perfectly Fulfill the Law of God?  126
16. Are Prayers in the Name of the Messiah Obliged to be Received?  127
17. What Ought to be Discerned about the Kabbalistic Interpretation of Scripture by Gimmetrios, Notarickun, Athbasch, etc.?  128
18. Ought Not the Time of Appeasing to be Observed in Prayers?  129
19. Are the Orders & Names of the Angels Able to be Known by Us?  130
20. Has the Time of the Coming of the Messiah been Predicted and Made Definite by God in the Old Testament?  131
21. Do the External Ceremonies of Sacrifices, Purgings & Expiations Purify, of Themselves, the Soul?  132
22. Is the Long Duration of the Present Exile of the Jews an Expiation of Sins?  134
23. Are There Four Legislators of the World?  135
24. When has the Prophetic Word in the People of God Withdrawn?  136

2. Controversies of the Muslims with Christians  151

Part 2, A catholic Symphony

1. A Minor catholic Symphony  161

1. On the Apostles’ Creed  161
2. On the Decalogue  166
3. On the Lord’s Prayer  168
4. On Baptism  168
5. On the Lord’s Supper  169

2. A Major catholic Symphony: Theological Common Places  174

1. Sacred Scripture  174
2. God & of Three Persons in One Divinity  177
3. God the Father  179
4. God the Son  180
5. Holy Spirit  181
6. Creation  182
7. Providence of God  182
8. Man  185
9. Fall of Man  186
10. Sin  188
11. Free-Will  189
12. Law  191
13. Jesus Christ  193
14. Election  204
15. Repentance  206
16. Gospel  208
17. Grace of God  210
18. Faith  212
19. Justification  215
20. Good Works  218
21. Church  222
22. Sacraments  232
23. Baptism  238
24. Supper of the Lord  240
25. The Keys  248
26. Prayer  251
27. Resurrection & Life Eternal  254

Part 3, Controversies with the Samosatenians [Monarchianism, Adoptionism, Socinianism]

1. 8 General Controversies  258
2. An Examination of the Racovian Catechism [Socinian]  289

Sacred Scripture  289
The Way of Salvation  293
Knowledge of God  294
Person of Christ  298
Prophetic Office of Christ  311
Kingly Office of Christ  340
Priestly Office of Christ  341
Church of Christ  345

Part 4, Controversies with the Romanists

Sacred Scripture  349
Christ the Mediator  369
The Roman Pontiff  379
Councils  390
Of Controversies  394
Church  396
Clericis  406
Monastics  414
Laics [On the Civil Magistrate]  426
Church Striving in Purgatory  433
Burial  442
Church Triumphant in Heaven & of the Saints in Heaven  444
Relics, Images & the Worship of Things  451
Church Buildings & Feasts  461
Sacraments in General  465
Baptism & Confirmation  475
Sacrament of the Eucharist & the Sacrifice of the Mass  483
Repentance & Indulgences  502
The Three Other Sacraments: Extreme Unction, Ordination & Matrimony  513
Grace of the First Man in Paradise  520
The Loss of Grace & the State of Sin  526
Grace & the Predestination of God, & the Free-Will of Man  538
Justification & of Good Works in General  548
Of the Good Works in Specific: Prayer  566
.      Fasting  569
.      Alms  572

Part 5, Controversies Between Lutherans & Calvinists

Class 1, Preliminary Controversies  575
Class 2, Controversies about the Decalogue  586
Class 3, Controversies about the Creed  600
Class 4, Controversies about the Lord’s Prayer  647
Class 5, Controversies on the Sacraments in General  650
Class 6, Controversies on Baptism  655
Class 7, Controversies on the Holy Supper  660

Part 6,

Section 1, Of the Dogmas of Jacob Arminius & his Disciples

1. Decree of Predestination  675
2. The Universality of the Merit of the Death of Christ  679
3-4. The Grace of God & the Conversion of Man  680
5. Perseverance of the Saints & the Certainty of Salvation  683

Section 2, Index of Questions which are Ventilated Between Erudite Theologians  699

Section 3, An Admonition on the Errors of the Anabaptists  700

Alting, J. Henricus – A Method of Didactic Theology  (Amsterdam, 1656; 1662)

Alting (1583-1644).  This work is essentially the same as Alting’s, Theologia elenctica nova, sive systema elencticum (Amsterdam, 1654) and Theologia problematica nova, sive systema problematum theologicorum (Amsterdam, 1662).

.

Table of Contents

1. Nature of Theology  3
2. The First Principle of Theology, Sacred Scripture  4
3. God  10
4. Decrees of God in General, & of Predestination in Specific  16
5. Creation  22
6. Providence  28
7. Sin in General & in Specific  36
8. Free-Will in the State of Sin  42
9. Punishment of Sin  45
10. Law of God  49
11. Gospel & the Gospel Covenant  55
12. Person & Office of Christ  62
13. Church  71
14. Calling of the Militant Church by the Word & Sacraments  79
15. Government of the Church  89
16. The Gift of Repentance & Faith by Effectual Calling  98
17. Justification  105
18. Sanctification  112
19. Perseverence  119
20. Glorification  129

A Method of Catechetical Theology [in 127 aphorisms]  134-148

Prideaux, John – All the Theological Works Extent in Latin  (Tigur, 1672)  Table of Contents comes after the Dedication and Preface

Prideaux (1578–1650) was a reformed Anglican bishop and professor of theology.

Table of Contents

IV.  A Bundle of Theological Controversies

Introductory Inquiry: Of the Existence of God  531
1. Of the Scripture  533
2. Of the Knowledge of God  559
3. Of Sin  584
4. Of the Church  602
5. Of Redemption  665
6. Of the Sacraments  679
7. Of the Last Things  692

Essenius, Andreas – A Dogmatic Compendium of Theology, where, beyond Explanatory Theses & Scriptural Assertions, True Sentiments are Confirmed by Arguments Throughout in Controversies, Revoking a few certain groups, the Principal Exceptions & Objections of the Adversaries being Propounded & Solved, and also the Practical Use of these Places Described, this being the editions in use in the Schools, at the end is added a Tract on the Rule of Preaching by Johannes Hoornbeek  (Utrecht, 1685)  The table of contents is on p. 796

Essenius (1618-1677)

Table of Contents

1 – The Nature of Theology   1
2 – Faith   23
3 – Sacred Scripture   43
4 – God   97
5 – The Divine Persons   148
6 – The Decree of God   172
7 – Creation   193
8 – Providence   228
9 – The Legal Covenant   249
10 – Sin   387
11 – The Evangelical Covenant   432
12 – Christ the Mediator   474
13 – The Procuring of Salvation   535
14 – Calling and Regeneration   555
15 – Justification, Reconciliation and Adoption   566
16 – Sanctification   613
17 – Preservation and Confirmation   629
18 – Of Sealing   643
19 – Glorification   702
20 – The Church   726

Gautier, Thomas – Principles of Didactic Theology Briefly, Clearly and Entirely Given, with a Decision on the Principle Controversies out of the Sacred Scripture  (Marburg, 1696)  343 pp., 20 chs. There is a scope of the work after the preface and a subject index at the end.

Gautier (1638-1709)

Marck, Johannes à – A Compendium of Christian Theology, Didactic and Elenctic  (Amsterdam, 1696; 1722)

Marck (1656-1731)

Table of Contents

1 – Of the Name and Definition of Theology   1
2 – Of the First Principle [Principio] of Theology, or Sola Scriptura   18
3 – Religion   60
4 – Of the Name, Essence and Attributes of God   70
5 – The Persons of the Trinity   99
6 – The Divine Decrees   120
7 – The Predestination of Men to Salvation or Damnation   129
8 – The Divine Creation of the World   150
9 – Good and Bad Angels   171
10 – The Actual Providence of God   189
11 – The Worship of God and the Rule of His Law   200
12 – The Decalogue and of Each of its Precepts   229
13 – The Creation and Nature of Man   262
14 – The First State of the Integrity of Man, and a view of the Image
.            of God and the Covenant of Works   276
15 – The Sin of Men, and its Various Kinds   294
16 – The Various Penaltis of Human Sin   325
17 – The Covenant of Grace, the Gospel, and its Various
.            Economies   333
18 – The Mediator of the Covenant of Grace   347
19 – The Person of Jesus Christ   363
20 – The Three-fold Office of Christ the Mediator: Prophetic,
.             Priestly and Kingly   386
21 – The Two-fold State of Jesus Christ: of being Emptied, and
.            of Exaltation   420
22 – The Ordinances [officiis] of the Covenant of Grace: Faith
.             and Repentance   446
23 – The Effectual Calling of the Elect   468
24 – The Justification of the Elect Before God   477
25 – Sanctification and Good Works   497
26 – Prayer, Fasting, Set Hours, Alm[s], Vow[s]   510
27 – The Certain Preservation of the Elect   537
28 – Regeneration, Adoption, Reconciliation and Liberty   541
29 – The Sacraments of the Covenant of Grace; in particular:
.             Circumcision, Pascha [Passover & Easter] and ones
.             falsely named as such from the New Testament   551
30 – The Holy Baptism of Christians   578
31 – The Holy Supper of the Lord   604
32 – The Covenant Joining God and the Church   627
33 – The Varied Government [or Reign] of the Church   655
34 – The Blessed Glorification of the Elect   696

Braun, Johannes – The Doctrine of the Covenants, or A System of Didactic & Elenctic Theology  (Amsterdam, 1691)

Braun (1628-1708)

Table of Contents

Part 1, of the Instrument of the Covenants

Ch. 1  Of Theology, Religion & the Use of Reason in Theology  1

Locus 1. Of the Sacred Scripture  11

Ch. 2  Of the Necessity, Divinity & Authority of Sacred Scripture  11
Ch. 3  Of the Canon, the Apocryphal Books, Traditions & an Enthusiastic Spirit  19
Ch. 4  Of the Perfection, Perspicuity, Reading, Interpretation & Sense of Sacred Scripture  23
Ch. 5  Of the Sum Interpretation of Sacred Scripture & the Judge of Controversies.  Of the Study of Prophecy & the Periods of the Church of the New Testament, & of the Rule to be Observed in Interpreting Sacred Scripture, & of the Integrity of Sacred Scripture  36

Part 2, Of the Parts of the Covenant, or of God & Man

Locus 2. Of God & his Attributes  50

Ch. 1  Of the Existence of God  50
Ch. 2  Of the Unity, Names, & Attributes of God in General  61
Ch. 3  Of the Knowledge [Scientia] & Will of God  72
Ch. 4  Of the Power, Affections & Virtues of God  81
Ch. 5  Of the Truth of God & his Light in the Conscience of Man, or of the Conscience  91
Ch. 6  Of the Omnipresence, Eternity, Simplicity & Immutability of God  108

Locus 3. Of the Trinity & of the Deity of the Son & Holy Spirit  121

Ch. 7  Of the Trinity  121
Ch. 8  Of the Deity of the Son & the Holy Spirit  134

Locus 4. Of the Internal Operations of God, of Decrees, Predestination, Election & Reprobation  144

Ch. 9  Of the Internal Operations of God, & of Predestination, Election & Reprobation  144

Locus 5. Of the External Operations of God, of Creation & of the Angels  159

Ch. 10  Of the External  Works of God, & in specific of Creation  159
Ch. 11  Of Angels  174

Locus 6. Of the Providence of God  188

Ch. 12  Of the Providence of God  188

Locus 7. Of Man  206

Ch. 13  Of the Creation of Man, & of the Nature of the Soul [Mentis]  206
Ch. 14  Of the Faculties of the Soul, & its Union with the Body, & of the Immortality of the Whole Man  225
Ch. 15  Of the Image of God in Man  238

Part 3, Of the Covenants Themselves

Locus 8. Of the Nature of the Covenants, & of the Covenant of Works  249

Ch. 1  Of the Covenant in General  249
Ch. 2  Of the Covenant of Works  253

Locus 9. Of the Violation of the Covenant of Works through Disobedience, or of Sin  265

Ch. 3  Of the Violation of the Covenant of Works by Sin, or of Sin  265

Locus 10. Of the Covenant of Grace & its Mediator & of the Satisfaction of the Mediator  276

Ch. 4  Of the Covenant of Grace  276
Ch. 5  Of the Mediator, Christ & of his Surety, & of the Counsel of Peace  279
Ch. 6  Of the Satisfaction of the Mediator, or of the Solution of the Surety  293
Ch. 7  Of Universal Grace  299

Locus 11. Of Faith & Justification  303

Ch. 8  Of Faith  303
Ch. 9  Of Justification  313

Locus 12. Of Sanctification, Good Works, Repentance, Fasting & Prayer  322

Ch. 10  Of Sanctification  322
Ch. 11  Of Good Works  330
Ch. 12  Of Repentance  337
Ch. 13  Of Fasting & Prayer  341

Locus 13. Of the Promise & Threatening of the Covenant of Grace, or of Eternal Life & Death  351

Ch. 14  Of the Promise & Threat of the Covenant of Grace, or of Eternal Life & Death  351

Locus 14. Of the Promulgation & of the Necessary Powers to the Repentance of the Covenant of Grace; or of the Calling to Faith, Free Choice & the Grace of God  362

Ch. 15  Of the Promulgation of the Covenant of Grace, or of the Calling to Faith  362
Ch. 16  Of the Necessary Powers unto the Repentance of the Covenant of Grace, & of the Freedom of Choice  369

Locus 15 & Ch. 18. Of the Constancy of the Covenant of Grace, or of the Perseverance of the Saints  386

Part 4, Of the Economies of the Covenants

Locus 16 & Ch. 1. Of the Economy under the Promise  396

Locus 17.  Of the Economy under the Old Testament; of the Moral, Ceremonial & Judicial Law  412

Ch. 2  Of the Old Testament in General  412
Ch. 3  Of the Moral Law of God in General  421
Ch. 4  Of the First Three Precepts  429
Ch. 5  Of the Fourth Precept, or of the Sabbath  435
Ch. 6  Of the Precepts of the Second Table  453
Ch. 7  Of the Perfection of the Moral Law  459
Ch. 8  Of the Use of the Moral Law  465
Ch. 9  Of the Ceremonial & Judicial Law  476

Locus 18. Of the Word, Sacraments, the Church & Church Government under the Old Testament, & of the Abolition of the Old Testament  490

Ch. 10  Of the Word & Sacraments under the Old Testament  490
Ch. 11  Of the Church & Church Government under the Old Testament  495
Ch. 12  Of the Abolition of the Old Testament  501

Locus 19. Of the Economy under the New Testament in General & of the Messiah  507

Ch. 13  Of the New Testament  507
Ch. 14  Of the Messiah  509
Ch. 15  Of the Incarnation of Jesus Christ  513
Ch. 16  Of the Person & Personal Union, or of the Hypostasis of the Divine Nature & Human Nature of Christ, & of the Communion of Properties  518
Ch. 17  Of the Humiliation & Exaltation of Jesus Christ  536

Locus 20. Of the Gospel & of the Good Things of the New Testament  550

Ch. 18  Of the Gospel  550
Ch. 19  Of the Blessings of the New Testament  552

Locus 21. Of the Word & Sacraments under the New Testament  579

Ch. 20  Of the Word & Sacraments in General under the New Testament  579
Ch. 21  Of Baptism  592
Ch. 22  Of the Holy Supper  602
Ch. 23  Of the Mass of the Papists  615

Locus 22. Of the Church under the Church Government of the New Testament, of the Ministers of the Church, of Classes, Synods (or Councils), of the Law & of Ecclesiastical Discipline  620

Ch. 24  Of the Church  620
Ch. 25  Of Ecclesiastical Government under the New Testament  630
Ch. 26  Of Ecclesiastical Ministers under the New Testament  639
Ch. 27  Of Classes & Synods, or of Councils  655
Ch. 28  Of the Law & Church Discipline  660

Locus 23. Of Magistrates & of their Law about Political & Sacred Things  668

Ch. 29  Of Magistrates & of their Political Power  668
Ch. 30  Of the Power of Magistrates about the Sacred  675

Locus 24. Of the Various Declarations of the Church, of Antichrist & his Rise, Progress & Fall; & of the Glorious Reign of Christ in the Last Times  681

Ch. 31  Of the Various Declarations of the Church of the New Testament, & of the Antichrist  681
Ch. 32  Of the Fall of the Antichrist  695
Ch. 33  Of Glorious Reign of Christ after the Destruction of the Kingdom of Antichrist  700

Locus 25. Of the Resurrection of Bodies, of the Last Judgment, & of the End of the Ages  705

Ch. 34  Of the Resurrection  705
Ch. 35  Of the Last Judgment & the End of the Ages  713

.

1700’s

Pictet, Benedict – The Marrow of Christian Theology, Instructive & Elenctic  (Geneva, 1711)  246 pp.  This is in a dialogue, question and answer format.  The Latin table of contents is at the end of the work.

Table of Contents

1 – Of Theology in General, the Existence of God, and Religion   1
2 – The Word of God and Sacred Scripture   6
3 – The One God and his Perfections   19
4 – The Trinity   35
5 – The Creation of the World, Angels and Man   50
6 – The Fall of the Angels and Man, and the Consequences   59
7 – Providence   73
8 – The Decrees of God Concerning the Salvation of Men   84
9 – Christ the Mediator, the Law, the Covenant of Grace   93
10 – The Benefits of Christ and Calling   128
11 – Justification   141
12 – Sanctification   154
13 – Renovation and Glorification   171
14 – The Church   189
15 – Sacraments   220

van den Honert, Johann – Institutions of Didactic & Elenctic Theology  (1735)  The whole work is in outline form, with various orations appended.

Honert (1693-1758)

Table of Contents

Preliminary: of Theology & Sacred Scripture  1-28

Book 1, of the Covenant of Nature & of Works

1. Of God  29-51
2. Of the Decree of God  52-59
3. Of Creation & the Providence of God  60-70
4. Of the Creation of Man, & of his First State  71-84
5. Of Angels  85-96
6. Of the Corruption of the Stock of Man  97-115

Book 2, of the Business of Grace

1. Of the Author of Grace: God the Father, Son & Holy Spirit  116-134
2. Of the Eternal Design to Work Grace & Wrath  134-152
3. Of the Suretiship of the Son & the Pact of Human Salvation  153-161
4. Of the Covenanting of the Covenant of Grace, by Calling & Faith  162-176
5. Of the Justification of a Sinner  176-184
6. Of the Sanctification of a Sinner  185-195
7. Of the Communion of the Church & of the Use of the Seals of the Covenant  196-209
8. Of the Glorification of Man after Death  209-216

Inaugural Oration on Regeneration  217
Inaugural Oration on Ecclesiastical History: Theologians Most Necessary  259
Oration on the Mutual Tolerance of Christians  299
Inaugural Oration on the Wisdom & Art of Ecclesiastical Oratory  361

Stapfer, Johann – Institutes of Universal Polemical Theology, Ordered in a Scientific Arrangement, vol. 12345  (Zurich, 1756)  The table of contents to all the volumes is after the Preface in the first volume.

Stapfer (1708-1775) was a professor of theology at Bern.  He was influenced by the philosophical rationalism of Christian Wolff, though, by him “the orthodox reformed tradition was continued with little overt alteration of the doctrinal loci and their basic definitions.” – Richard Muller

Table Contents

Vol. 1

1. Of the True Rule of Study & of the System of Polemical Theology  1

2. Of the Cautions to be Observed in Polemical Theology  33

3. A Demonstration of the Truth of Theology is Exhibited  66

I. The Heads of it:  It is Agitated of the Divine Existence  67
II. Of the Attributes Dependent on the Divine Existence  73
III. Of the Attributes Dependent on the Divine Intellect  78
IV. Of the Will & Power of God  90
V. Of the Decrees of God in General  105
VI. Of the Wisdom, Goodness, Holiness, Justice, Omnipresence, & the Remaining Perfections of God  121
VII. Of Creation & Providence, & the Immortality of the Soul  176
VIII. Of the Dependence of Man on God as the Fundamental of Religion  208
IX. Of the First State of Man  213
X. Of Sin & the Consequence of It  228
XI. Of the Impotence of Man to Extricate Himself out of Infinite Evil & to Restore a Pristine State  242
XII. Of the Necessity of Revelation & the Criterion of it  258
XIII. Of Freedom, in which the Revelation of the Means of Human Deliverance is contained  282
XIV. Of the Religion of a Sinner in General  299
XV. Of the Person of the Deliverer & of his Properties  308
XVI. Of the Mystery of the Most Holy Trinity  310
XVII. Of the Counsel of the Most Holy Trinity about the Salvation of Man  322
XVIII. Of the Execution of the Decree of the Means of Salvation through Providing Christ  337
XIX. Of the Application of the Means of Deliverance  353
XX. Of the City of God  408
XXI. Of the Offices of Citizens & of the Public Worship  428
XXII. Of Rites, or of the Sacred Ceremonies that ought to be Adhered to in the Public Worship in General  440
XXIII. Of the Principal Rites of the Church, or of the Sacraments of Baptism & the Holy Supper  446
XXIV.  Of the Consummation of the Church  470
XXV. Of the Political Magistrate  491
XXVI. Of the Excellence of the Christian Religion  497

4. Of Fundamental Articles  513

5. Of Heresy & the way in which Heretics ought to be dealt with, even of the Tolerance of Schismatics  551

Vol. 2

6. Of Atheism
7. Of Deism
8. Of Epicureanism
9. Of Gentilism
10. Of Naturalism

Vol. 3

11. Of Judaism & Mohommedism
12. Of Socinianism
13. Of the Indifferentism of Religions, of Latitudinarianists, & of the Religion of Prudentists

Vol. 4

14. Of Papalism
15. Of Fanaticism
16. Of Pelagianism
17. Of the Remonstrants
18. Of Mennonites, or Anabaptists

Vol. 5

19. Of the Oriental Church
20. Of the Consensus & Dissent of Protestants, or of the Reformed & of the Church Adhering to the [Lutheran] Augsburg Confession

Appendix:  of the Heresies of the First Ages
Index of Things Contained in the Whole Work

De Moor, Bernard – A Continuous Commentary on John Marck’s Compendium of Didactic and Elenctic Christian Theology, vol 1234567  (Leiden, 1761-71)  The first three chapters are in English in three volumes: Buy

De Moor (1709-1780) has a number of disputations available at PRDL.  As portions of De Moor’s systematic are translated into English, excerpts are being put up at the blog.  Here is a review of the first volume by Dr. Ryan McGraw.

De Moor “maintained the fundamental line of confessional orthodoxy without drawing heavily on any of the newer philosophies…  [and he] maintained a fairly centrist Reformed position… Vitringa and De Moor served as codifiers and bibliographers of the earlier tradition, the former from a federalist, the latter from a nonfederalist perspective.  Indeed, De Moor’s efforts did for later Reformed orthodoxy what the massive system of Quenstedt did for Lutheranism in the concluding years of the seventeenth century: the work was so exhaustive and so complete in detail and bibliography that it virtually ended the development of Reformed doctrine in the form of orthodox system.” – Richard Muller

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Table of Contents

vol. 1

1. Of the Term & Definition of ‘Theology’  5
2. Of the Principle of Theology, or of Sacred Scripture  114
3. Of Religion  447
4. Of God, with respect to his Names, Essence & Attributes  498
5. Of the Trinity of Persons  695
6. Of the Divine Decrees  897

A Theological Disputation on Mk. 15:25 & Jn. 19:14  943
A Theological Disputation on Eph. 5:14  957
A Theological Disputation on: Vindictive Justice Essential to God  996

vol. 2

7. Of the Predestination of Men to Salvation or Damnation  1
8. Of the Divine Creation of the World  117
9. Of Good & Bad Angels  285
10. Of the Actual Providence of God  420
11. Of the Worship of God & the Regulating Rule of It  503
12. Of the Decalogue, & of Each Precept of It  688
13. Of the Creation & Nature of Man  976

vol. 3

14. Of the First State of Integrity of Man, & a View Here of the Image of God & the Covenant of Works  1
15. Of the Sin of Men, & its Various Species  109
16. Of the Variegated Punishment of Human Sin  328
17. Of the Covenant of Grace, the Gospel & its Varied Economy  366
18. Of the Mediator of the Covenant of Grace  436
19. Of the Person of Jesus Christ  621
20. Of the Three-fold Mediatorial Office of Jesus Christ, even Prophetical, Priestly & Kingly  837

vol. 4

21. Of the Twofold State of Jesus Christ  1
22. Of the Offices of the Covenant of Grace, even Faith & Repentance  285
23. Of the Efficacious Calling of the Elect  440
24. Of the Justification of the Elect Before God  535
25. Of Sanctification & Good Works  769

A Theological Disputation on the Prayers of Christ in Gethsemane, Mt. 26:39 ff.  840
An Inaugural Theological Disputation about ‘the Times of Refreshing’, Acts 3:19

vol. 5

26. Of Prayer, Fasting, Vigils, Alms & of a Vow  1
27. Of the Certain Conservation of the Elect  255
28. Of Regeneration, Adoption, Reconciliation & Liberation  178
29. Of the Sacraments of the Covenant of Grace, & especially of Circumcision, the Passover & the Pseudo-Sacraments of the New Testament  218
30. Of Christian Baptism  372
31. Of the Sacred Lord’s Supper  553

An Addition of Theological Theses [on fundamentals of the Reformed faith] which were publicly defended after the last Disputation on the Passover  772

A Secular Festival in the year 1719, celebrated the 29th of May by Professors of Theology in the Academy of Leiden  777

vol. 6

32. Of the Church Having Been Joined to God by Covenant  1
33. Of the Varied Government of the Church  180
34. Of the Blessed Glorification of the Elect  586

Theological Considerations to the Academic-Political Judgment of Permitting, by a Dispensation from a Christian & Reformed Lord, a Leviriate Marriage with a Kinsman  737

A Decade of Digested Controversial Theses Joined in a Series, by Bavio Voorda  759

A Theological Disputation on Having Remembered the Coming of Christ, 2 Pet. 1:16  765

Inaugural Oration of Barnard de Moor on the Imperfect Felicity of the Militant Church  1745  807

An Oration on that which is Excessive in Theological Science  1747  901

vol. 7

Scripture Index  1
Index of Principal Things  39
Index of Hebrew & Greek Words  122
A Supplement to the Perpetual Commentary  127  (Later-added end-notes and additions throughout each volume)
Typos  94

Beck, Jacob Christoph – A Synopsis of Universal, Natural & Revealed Theological Institutions, Dogmatic, Polemical & Practical, having been in Use in the Lecture Room:  A Brief Theological Encyclopaedia is Given & Delineated  (Basil, 1765)  Here are the tables of contents to the Prolegomena, Dogmatics Section 1Section 2Polemics & Practical sections.

Beck was a professor of theology, history and Old Testament at Basel and was influenced by the philosophical rationalism of Christian Wolff.

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Latin Bible Commentaries that Emphasize Polemics

1600’s

Essenius, Andreas – A Synopsis of Controversial Theology & a Complete Index of the Passages of Sacred Scripture which the Adversaries Use to Seek to Strengthen their Errors & Attack & Deflect the Truth, & are Accustomed to Abuse, being Propounded by a Singular, Brief Method Through their Collections  (Utrecht, 1677)  479 pp.  There is no table of contents; it goes through the subjects like a systematic theology for 20 chapters in 108 pages; then follows, for most of the volume, the Index of Scripture places, being a commentary on many verses of most of the chapters of the whole Bible, stating and refuting the opinions of sects.

Essenius (1618-1677)

Arnoldi, Nicolaus – Light in Darkness, or a Simultaneously Brief & Succinct Vindication & Conciliation of Passages of the Old & New Testament that All of the Sects of the Adversary Abuse in Order to Sure Up their Errors  (Franeker, 1680)

Arnoldi (1618-1680) was a German reformed professor of theology at Franeker.  The work is laid out like a Bible commentary and comments on much of the whole Bible.

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Latin:  On Heresies

A Collection of Early Church Works on Heresies

Oehler, Franz – Body of Heresiology, vol. 1, 2  (Berlin, 1856)  ToC 1

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Latin:  On Controversies

Articles

1500’s

Grynaeus, Johann Jakob – A Disputation on the Particular Controversies of Religion, in which is Agitated the Circumstances & Fonts of Disagreements  (Basil, 1589)

Jager, Josias – Disputation 2, Of Those Controversies which have Shaken the Highest Power of Order which ought to be Observed in the Militant Church  (Basil, 1589)  Johann Grynaeus presided.

Howie, Robert – Disputation 3, in which is Agitated Those Controversies which have Shaken the Solidity of Faith in Christ  (Basil, 1589)

Howie was a reformed Scottish theologian.  Johann Grynaeus presided.

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1600’s

Beuther Michael – Theological Theorems on the True Adjudication of the Principal Controversies of the Christian Religion which are Agitated in the Church in this our World…  in the Academy of Basil…  (1602)

Beuther was a German reformed minister and librarian.

Buxtorf, Johanne – An Inaugural Theological Disputation on Discretionary Judgment About Controversies of the Christian Religion  (Basil, 1656)

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Books

1500’s

Bucer, Martin – On Conciliating, & the Legitimate Judging, of Religious Controversies & Judgments…  (1545)

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1600’s

Laurent, Gaspard – On Public Disputations in Controversies of Religion, an Extensive Investigation of the Old Writings having been Taken  (1602)  135 pp.

Vedel, Nicolaus – Rational Theology, or on the Necessity & True Use of the Principles of Reason & Philosophy in Theological Controversies, in Three Books, for the Veracity of the Whole Christian Religion, & Especially of the Confessions of the Evangelicals, Against the Sophists of the Last Times  (Geneva, 1628)  800 pp.  ToC

Vedel was a reformed pastor and professor at Geneva.  He argues against a number of different sects, on every side, in this work.

Du Moulin, Louis – An Epistle of an Irenic Lover of Brethren [Irenaei Philadelphi] to the Illustrious Man, Newly Reborn [Renatum Verdaeum] in which is Discussed the Movements & Controversies Newly Sprung Up in England around Religion, & the Book by Joseph Hall, which Asserts Episcopacy to be of Divine Right, is Driven Off  (1641)  122 pp.

Du Moulin (c.1605-1680) was a French reformed theologian who became a professor of history at Oxford (1648-1660).

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1700’s

Werenfels, Samuel – Miscellanies, pt. 1, Containing Dissertations on Erudite Word-Fighters, to which, on account of like material, is added a Dissertation on Theological Controversies which ought to be Sacredly Drawn on…  (d. 1740), pp. 446-576  There is no table of contents, and the volume cuts off in the midst of the 10th dissertation on word-fighters.

Here is a full volume of the 10 dissertations on word-fighters, with a table of contents.  The work has been translated into English, linked above.

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On the Polemical Theologian

Witsius, Herman – The Moderate [Modestus] Theologian, Delineated in an Inaugural Oration, as the Public Professor of Theology in the Academy in Leiden…  (Leiden)

von Mosheim, Johann L. – Dissertations on the Non-Contentious Theologian, or of the Office of the Theologian around Controversies  (Helmstadt, 1726)  134 pp.  ToC

Mosheim (1693-1755) was a German, Lutheran, church historian, particularly known for his Institutes of Ecclesiastical History.  Mosheim, while being more orthodox and conservative than most in his time, yet had a trans-denominational irenic tone and viewpoint characteristic of the beginnings of the enlightenment. 

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French

Book

1600’s

Le Vassor, Michel – A Treatise on How to Examine the Differences of Religion, Dedicated to the King of Great Britain  (Amsterdam, 1697)  605 pp.  ToC

Le Vassor (1648-1718) was a French Romanist, Oratorian priest and author, who became a Protestant in exile in England.  He is known for his theological, historical and political works.  This work has been seen as a defense of the Church of England.

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Bibliography

Malcom, Howard – ‘Polemic Theology’  in Theological Index…  (Boston, 1868)

Contains older references in multiple languages, including the main Lutheran works of polemical theology and a few Romanist ones.

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“Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.  Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.”

Acts 17:16-17

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