Greek Dictionaries, Parsing Guides & Concordances

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Subsection

Exegetical & Theological Dictionaries on the Bible

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Order of Contents

Start Here
Classical
.      Liddell & Scott
.      Online
.      More
Septuagint
.      Dictionaries
.      Concordance
New Testament
.      Parsing Guides
.      Dictionaries
.      Word Studies
.      Synonyms
.      Concordances
Historical
English to Greek

Greek Ligatures
Greek Accents


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Start Here

Online

In order of Simple to Advanced

Google Translate

Perseus Greek Word Study Tool

Logeion

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Print

Beginner

Mounce, William – The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament  Buy  (1993)  555 pp.

Easy to use and read; contains words as they appear in the New Testament (as opposed to only their root word) and parses them.

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Intermediate

Thayer, Joseph Henry – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti  1887  760 pp.

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Advanced

Bauer, Arndt, Gingrich, Danker – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature  (Univ. of Chicago)

2nd edition  1957/1979  Buy
3rd edition  2001  Buy

The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon  at Thesaurus Linguae Graecae

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The parsing guides below will be of help.  Be sure also to check out the exegetical and theological dictionaries below.  For classical Greek (which forms background to the New Testament usage, though it does not always correspond exactly), Liddell & Scott is the standard.


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Liddell & Scott

Online

** The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon  at Thesaurus Linguae Graecae

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Print

Abridgments (Easier to Use)

A Lexicon: Abridged from Liddell & Scott’s Greek-English Lexicon  1871  815 pp.

An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon from the 7th Edition of Liddell & Scott’s  1882  920 pp.

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Their Own

Liddell & Scott – A Greek-English Lexicon  1897  1,800 pp.  8th edition, revised & augmented

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Updated  (Advanced)

Liddell & Scott – A Greek-English Lexicon  2003  4,340 pp.  Oxford  Rev. & aug. by Henry Stuart Jones & Roderick McKenzie


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Online

Perseus’ Greek Word Study Tool

Type English letters into the search box according to how the table shows they are aligned to the Greek letters of the Greek word you are interested in.  When one searches, the Greek word will appear with a definition from Liddell & Scott and other dictionaries.  The word will be parsed as well.

Logeion

One of the fullest and most technical web-based meta-dictionaries available.  Includes Latin and Greek terms according to their root in a handful of dictionaries.  Often in the right-hand column is further lexical information, including links to the word being used in primary sources.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae

The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon

4 Classical & Ecclesiastical Greek Dictionaries


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More Classical Greek Dictionaries

1800’s

Jones, John – The Tyro’s Greek and English Lexicon; or a Compendium in English of the Celebrated Lexicons of Damm, Sturze, Schleusner, Schweighaeuser…  2nd ed.  (1825)  780 pp.

Schrevelius – The Greek Lexicon of Schrevelius, with many Additions  (1826)  910 pp.

Ewing, Greville – A Greek and English Lexicon: Originally a Scripture Lexicon and Now Adapted to the Greek Classics  (1827)  915 pp.

Pickering, John – A Greek & English Lexicon Adapted to the Authors Read in the Colleges & Schools in the United States & to Other Greek Classics  (1829)  930 pp.

Donnegan, James – Greek & English Lexicon, Principally on the Plan of the Greek & German Lexicon of Schneider…  (1832)  1,436 pp.

Wharton, Edward – Etymological Lexicon of Classical Greek  (1882)  170 pp.

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1900’s

Sophocles, E.A. – Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods (from B.C. 146 to A.D. 1100)  (1900)  1,210 pp.

Martinband, James – Dictionary of Greek Literature  (1966)  420 pp.


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On the Septuagint

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Septuagint Lexicons

2000’s

Lust, Eynikel & Hauspie – A Greek English Lexicon Of The Septuagint, pt. 1 (A-I), 2 (K-Omega)  (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1992 / 1996)

Muraoka, Takamitsu – A Greek English Lexicon Of The Septuagint  (Peeters, 2009)

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Analytical Lexicon

Taylor, Bernard A. – Analytical Lexicon to the Septuagint: Expanded Edition  Buy  (Hendrickson, 2009)  624 pp.


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Septuagint Concordance

1800’s

Redpath & Hatch – A Concordance to the Septuagint & the Other Greek Versions of the Old Testament, including the Apocrypha  (1897)  Supplement  including a Hebrew to Greek Index at the end


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Parsing Guides to the New Testament

The Analytical Greek Lexicon: consisting of an Alphabetical Arrangement of Every Occurring Inflexion of Every Word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a Grammatical Analysis of each Word…  (Samuel Bagster & Sons, n.d.)  510 pp.

These parsing guides make things easier to find in the dictionaries below, and help one in translating the sense of the word.  This work and Moulton below are arranged by the Greek alphabet.

Moulton, Harold – The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised  (1978)  522 pp.

Zerwick, Maximilian & Mary Grosvenor – A Grammatical Analysis of the Greek New Testament  Unabridged, 4th rev. ed.  Pre  Buy  (1993)  825 pp.  A Romanist publisher

An interesting and helpful work.  Gives grammatical notes on each word of the Greek New Testament in the main text-block itself, in the chapter and verse order of each of the New Testament books.

Han, Nathan – Parsing Guide to the Greek New Testament  Buy  (1994)  496 pp.

This is helpful as it is laid out by book, chapter and verse through the Bible.  Only the verbs are parsed.  Unfortunately, the Greek text used is the 25th edition of Nestle-Aland, which sometimes differs from the Textus Receptus tradition.


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More New Testament Greek Dictionaries

1800’s

Laing, Henry – A New Greek & English Lexicon to the New Testament, on the Plan of Dawson’s Greek & Latin Lexicon… for the Use of Schools  1821  450 pp.

Robson, Charles – A Greek Lexicon to the New Testament on the Basis of Dr. Robinson’s, designed for Junior Students in Divinity and the Higher Classes in Schools  1839  534 pp.

Groves, John – A Greek and English Dictionary, comprising all the Words in the Writings of the Most Popular Greek Authors… and in the Septuagint and New Testament Designed for the Use of Schools  1839  740 pp.

Bloomfield, S.T. – A Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament, especially adapted to the use of Colleges and Schools…  1840  490 pp.

Parkhurst, John – A Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament  1845  870 pp.  revised by Rose & Major

Robinson, Edward – A Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament  1850  820 pp.  New edition

Green, Samuel Gosnell – ‘Vocabulary’  appended to Handbook to the Grammar of the Greek Testament, together with a Complete Vocabulary...  (London: Religious Tract Society [1876])

**  Cremer, Hermann – Biblico-Theological Lexicon of New Testament Greek  1886  960 pp.  T. & T. Clark  3rd English edition

**  Thayer, Joseph Henry – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti  1887  760 pp.

Green, Thomas Sheldon – A Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament  1896  240 pp.  revised and enlarged

Berry, George R. – A New Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament  in The Interlinear Literal Translation of the Greek New Testament with the Authorized Version  1897

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1900’s

Hickie, W.J. – Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament after the Latest & Best Authorities  1911  220 pp.

**  Abbott-Smith, George – A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament  1922  540 pp.

Louw, Johannes & Eugene Nida – Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains, vol. 1, 2  Buy  (American Bible Society, 1988)

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2000’s

Mounce, William – Greek Dictionary  This is an online work in progress


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Word Studies

Word Studies on the Greek of the New Testament

These works are laid out like a commentary on the New Testament (which is very convenient).  For more discussion of the Greek words in the New Testament, see the advanced commentaries on the same webpage.


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On Synonyms of the N.T.

1800’s

Tittmann, John Aug. Henry – Remarks on the Synonyms of the New Testament, vol. 1, 2  1833/37

Green, Samuel Gosnell – ‘New Testament Synonyms’  appended to Handbook to the Grammar of the Greek Testament, together with a Complete Vocabulary, & an Examination of the Chief New Testament Synonyms  (London: Religious Tract Society [1876])

**  Trench, Richard C. – Synonyms of the New Testament  (1894)  440 pp.  12th edition

Berry, George R. – ‘New Testament Synonyms’  25 pp.  being an appendix in The Interlinear Literal Translation of the Greek New Testament with the Authorized Version  (1897)


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New Testament Greek Concordances

English Friendly

Wigram, George – The Englishman’s Greek concordance of the New Testament  (1844)

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Greek Concordance

Bruder, Carol Herman – Concordantiae Omnium Vocum Novi Testamenti Graeci  (Leipzig, 1888)


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Historical

Index of the Suda On Line

The Suda (Wiki) is a 10th century Byzantine encyclopedia and Greek lexicon.


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English to Greek Dictionaries

1800’s

Yonge, C.D. – An English-Greek Lexicon  (1849)  540 pp.

Hamilton, Henry – An English-Greek Lexicon  (1868)  280 pp.

Bullinger, Ethelbert – A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament  (1895)  1,030 pp.

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1900’s

Woodhouse, S.C. – English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language  (1910)  1,040 pp.


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On Greek Ligatures

Tables

pp. 3-4 & 6-7  in Alphabetum Graecum…  (Paris, 1550)

‘Example Images’  in ‘Greek Ligatures’  at Wikipedia

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Article

Ingram, William H. – ‘The Ligatures of Early Printed Greek’

Greek printed in the 1500’s is filled with ligatures, where more than one letter is printed as a special combined letter.  The article gives background on the subject and then gives a list of the ligatures on pp. 382-89, giving their meanings.

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On Greek Accents

‘A Guide to Greek Accents’  (2004)  5 pp.  at Chioulaoshi.org

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Related Pages

Hebrew Dictionaries

The Bible

Bible Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

New Testament Commentaries

New Testament Background, Survey, Authenticity & Introduction

New Testament Theology

Bible Chronology

Textual Criticism

The Synoptic Question