Order of Contents
. Liddell & Scott
. Parsing Guides
. Exegetical & Theological Dictionaries
. Word Studies
English to Greek
Mounce, William – The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament Buy 1993
Easy to use and read; contains words as they appear in the New Testament (as opposed to only their root word) and parses them.
Thayer, Joseph Henry – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti 1887 760 pp.
Bauer, Arndt, Gingrich, Danker – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature Univ. of Chicago
The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon at Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
The parsing guides below will be of help. Be sure also to check out the exegetical and theological dictionaries below. For classical Greek (which forms background to the New Testament usage, though it does not always correspond exactly), Liddell & Scott is the standard.
Liddell & Scott
** The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon at Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
Abridgments (Easier to Use)
Liddell & Scott – A Greek-English Lexicon 1897 1,800 pp. 8th edition, revised & augmented
Liddell & Scott – A Greek-English Lexicon 2003 4,340 pp. Oxford Rev. & aug. by Henry Stuart Jones & Roderick McKenzie
Type English letters into the search box according to how the table shows they are aligned to the Greek letters of the Greek word you are interested in. When one searches, the Greek word will appear with a definition from Liddell & Scott and other dictionaries. The word will be parsed as well.
One of the fullest and most technical web-based meta-dictionaries available. Includes Latin and Greek terms according to their root in a handful of dictionaries. Often in the right-hand column is further lexical information, including links to the word being used in primary sources.
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
More Classical Greek Dictionaries
Jones, John – The Tyro’s Greek and English Lexicon; or a Compendium in English of the Celebrated Lexicons of Damm, Sturze, Schleusner, Schweighaeuser… 1825 780 pp. 2nd edition
Schrevelius – The Greek Lexicon of Schrevelius, with many Additions 1826 910 pp.
Ewing, Greville – A Greek and English Lexicon: Originally a Scripture Lexicon and Now Adapted to the Greek Classics 1827 915 pp.
Donnegan, James – Greek and English Lexicon, Principally on the Plan of the Greek and German Lexicon of Schneider… 1832 1,436 pp.
Wharton, Edward – Etymological Lexicon of Classical Greek 1882 170 pp.
Sophocles, E.A. – Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods (from B.C. 146 to A.D. 1100) 1900 1,210 pp.
Martinband, James – Dictionary of Greek Literature 1966 420 pp.
On the Septuagint
Lust, Eynikel & Hauspie – A Greek English Lexicon Of The Septuagint 2003
Muraoka, Takamitsu – A Greek English Lexicon Of The Septuagint 2009
Redpath & Hatch – A Concordance to the Septuagint and the other Greek Versions of the Old Testament, including the Apocrypha 1897 Supplement including a Hebrew to Greek Index at the end
Parsing Guides to the New Testament
The Analytical Greek Lexicon: consisting of an Alphabetical Arrangement of Every Occurring Inflexion of every Word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a Grammatical Analysis of each word… n.d. 510 pp. Samuel Bagster and Sons
These parsing guides make things easier to find in the dictionaries below, and help one in translating the sense of the word. This work and Moulton below are arranged by the Greek alphabet.
Moulton, Harold – The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised 1978 522 pp.
An interesting and helpful work. Gives grammatical notes on each word of the Greek New Testament in the main text-block itself, in the chapter and verse order of each of the New Testament books.
Han, Nathan – Parsing Guide to the Greek New Testament Buy 1994 496 pp.
This is helpful as it is laid out by book, chapter and verse through the Bible. Only the verbs are parsed. Unfortunately, the Greek text used is the 25th edition of Nestle-Aland, which sometimes differs from the Textus Receptus tradition.
More New Testament Greek Dictionaries
Groves, John – A Greek and English Dictionary, comprising all the Words in the Writings of the Most Popular Greek Authors… and in the Septuagint and New Testament Designed for the Use of Schools 1839 740 pp.
Bloomfield, S.T. – A Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament, especially adapted to the use of Colleges and Schools… 1840 490 pp.
Parkhurst, John – A Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament 1845 870 pp. revised by Rose & Major
Robinson, Edward – A Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament 1850 820 pp. New edition
Green, Samuel Gosnell – ‘Vocabulary’ appended to Handbook to the Grammar of the Greek Testament, together with a Complete Vocabulary... (London: Religious Tract Society )
** Cremer, Hermann – Biblico-Theological Lexicon of New Testament Greek 1886 960 pp. T. & T. Clark 3rd English edition
** Thayer, Joseph Henry – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti 1887 760 pp.
Green, Thomas Sheldon – A Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament 1896 240 pp. revised and enlarged
Berry, George R. – A New Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament in The Interlinear Literal Translation of the Greek New Testament with the Authorized Version 1897
Hickie, W.J. – Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament after the Latest and Best Authorities 1911 220 pp.
** Abbott-Smith, George – A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament 1922 540 pp.
Louw, Johannes & Eugene Nida – Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains, 2 vols. Buy 1988 American Bible Society
Mounce, William – Greek Dictionary This is an online work in progress
Exegetical & Theological Dictionaries
Vine, W.E. – Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words 1940 1,600 pp. Entries are in English.
ed. Brown, Colin – The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, vol. 1 (A-F), 2 (G-P), 3 (P-Z) 1975 Zondervan Evangelical Able to be used by English-only readers; entries are alphabetical in English with Greek words provided.
ed. Silva, Moises – The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis Set Buy 2014 This is the 2nd edition to the work above. Entries are by the Greek alphabet.
** Kittel, Gerhard – Theological Dictionary of the New Testament: Abridged in One Volume Buy 1983 1,390 pp. Greek words are transliterated into English; has an English-term index making it accessible for English-only users. Very cost efficient.
Balz, Horst & Gerhard Schneider – Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, vol. 1 (Aaron-Henoch), 2 (Ex-Opsonion), 3 (Pagideuo-Ophelimos) 1990 Eerdmans Entries are in Greek.
Spicq, Ceslas – Theological Lexicon of the New Testament, 3 vols. Buy 1995 tr. James D. Ernest ‘The little Kittel’
** Kittel, Gerhard – Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, 10 vols. Buy
Analyzes the main, theologically significant words in the New Testament by tracing their meaning in classical Greek literature, inter-Testamental literature, the New Testament and sometimes in Church history. Very in-depth.
These works are laid out like a commentary on the New Testament (which is very convenient). For more discussion of the Greek words in the New Testament, see the advanced commentaries on the same webpage.
On Synonyms of the N.T.
Tittmann, John Aug. Henry – Remarks on the Synonyms of the New Testament, vol. 1, 2 1833/37
Green, Samuel Gosnell – ‘New Testament Synonyms’ appended to Handbook to the Grammar of the Greek Testament, together with a Complete Vocabulary, & an Examination of the Chief New Testament Synonyms (London: Religious Tract Society )
** Trench, Richard C. – Synonyms of the New Testament 1894 440 pp. 12th edition
Berry, George R. – ‘New Testament Synonyms’ 25 pp. being an appendix in The Interlinear Literal Translation of the Greek New Testament with the Authorized Version 1897
New Testament Greek Concordances
Wigram, George – The Englishman’s Greek concordance of the New Testament 1844
Bruder, Carol Herman – …Concordantiae Omnium Vocum Novi Testamenti Graeci (Leipzig, 1888)
The Suda (Wiki) is a 10th century Byzantine encyclopedia and Greek lexicon.
English to Greek Dictionaries
Yonge, C.D. – An English-Greek Lexicon 1849 540 pp.
Hamilton, Henry – An English-Greek Lexicon 1868 280 pp.
Bullinger, Ethelbert – A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament 1895 1,030 pp.
Woodhouse, S.C. – English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language 1910 1,040 pp.
On Greek Ligatures
‘Example Images’ in ‘Greek Ligatures’ at Wikipedia
Ingram, William H. – ‘The Ligatures of Early Printed Greek’
Greek printed in the 1500’s is filled with ligatures, where more than one letter is printed as a special combined letter. The article gives background on the subject and then gives a list of the ligatures on pp. 382-89, giving their meanings.