Pronunciation, Accents, Ligatures
Greek NT Word Studies
Exegetical & Theological Dictionaries
Order of Contents
. Liddell & Scott 5
. Online 4
. More 10
. Dictionaries 4
. Concordance 1
. Parsing Guides 4
. Dictionaries 15
. Synonyms 4
. Concordances 2
In order of Simple to Advanced
Mounce, William – The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament Buy (1993) 555 pp.
Easy to use and read; contains words as they appear in the New Testament (as opposed to only their root word) and parses them.
Thayer, Joseph Henry – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti 1887 760 pp.
Bauer, Arndt, Gingrich, Danker – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (Univ. of Chicago)
2nd edition 1957/1979 Buy
3rd edition 2001 Buy
The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon at Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
Liddell & Scott
** The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon at Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
Abridgments (Easier to Use)
A Lexicon: Abridged from Liddell & Scott’s Greek-English Lexicon (1871) 815 pp.
An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon from the 7th Edition of Liddell & Scott’s (1882) 920 pp.
Liddell & Scott – A Greek-English Lexicon 8th ed. rev. (1897) 1,800 pp.
Liddell & Scott – A Greek-English Lexicon rev. Henry Stuart Jones & Roderick McKenzie (Oxford: 2003) 4,340 pp.
Perseus’ Greek Word Study Tool
Type English letters into the search box according to how the table shows they are aligned to the Greek letters of the Greek word you are interested in. When one searches, the Greek word will appear with a definition from Liddell & Scott and other dictionaries. The word will be parsed as well.
One of the fullest and most technical web-based meta-dictionaries available. Includes Latin and Greek terms according to their root in a handful of dictionaries. Often in the right-hand column is further lexical information, including links to the word being used in primary sources.
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon
4 Classical & Ecclesiastical Greek Dictionaries
More Classical Greek Dictionaries
Jones, John – The Tyro’s Greek and English Lexicon; or a Compendium in English of the Celebrated Lexicons of Damm, Sturze, Schleusner, Schweighaeuser… 2nd ed. (1825) 780 pp.
Schrevelius – The Greek Lexicon of Schrevelius, with many Additions (1826) 910 pp.
Ewing, Greville – A Greek and English Lexicon: Originally a Scripture Lexicon and Now Adapted to the Greek Classics (1827) 915 pp.
Pickering, John – A Greek & English Lexicon Adapted to the Authors Read in the Colleges & Schools in the United States & to Other Greek Classics (1829) 930 pp.
Donnegan, James – Greek & English Lexicon, Principally on the Plan of the Greek & German Lexicon of Schneider… (1832) 1,436 pp.
Wharton, Edward – Etymological Lexicon of Classical Greek (1882) 170 pp.
Martinband, James – Dictionary of Greek Literature (1966) 420 pp.
Montanari, Franco – The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek, 2 vols. Ref (Brill, 2015) 2,431 pp. Blurb
“…is the English translation of Franco Montanari’s Vocabolario della Lingua Greca. With an established reputation as the most important modern dictionary for Ancient Greek, it brings together 140,000 headwords taken from the literature, papyri, inscriptions and other sources of the archaic period up to the 6th Century CE, and occasionally beyond.”
Diggle, James – The Cambridge Greek Lexicon, 2 vols. (Cambridge University Press, 2021) 1,529 pp.
“Aims primarily to meet the needs of modern students, but is also designed to be of interest to scholars. Its coverage extends from Homer to the early second century A.D. Most of the major authors who fall within that period are included.
The Lexicon is based upon principles differing from those of existing Greek lexica. Entries are organised not primarily according to chronological or grammatical criteria, but according to meaning, with a view to showing the developing senses of words and the relationships between those senses. Definitions are given in addition to translations, both are expressed in contemporary English.
Other textual and explanatory information is included, such as typical circumstances in which a world may be used, thus giving fresh insights into aspects of Greek language and culture. The editors have systematically re-examined the source material (including that which has been discovered since the end of the nineteenth century) and have made use of the most recent textual and philological scholarship.”
On the Septuagint
Lust, Eynikel & Hauspie – A Greek English Lexicon Of The Septuagint, pt. 1 (A-I), 2 (K-Omega) (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1992 / 1996)
Muraoka, Takamitsu – A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint (Peeters, 2009) 780 pp. Abbr Biblio
Bons, Eberhard – Historical & Theological Lexicon of the Septuagint, 2 vols. Ref (Siebeck, 2020) 1,153 pp. Blurb
“…is a large-scale collective and interdisciplinary project aimed at providing a new research tool: a multi-volume dictionary with around 600 comprehensive articles for each important word or word group of the Septuagint, thereby filling an important gap in the fields of ancient philology and religious studies.”
Taylor, Bernard A. – Analytical Lexicon to the Septuagint: Expanded Edition Buy (Hendrickson, 2009) 624 pp.
Redpath & Hatch – A Concordance to the Septuagint & the Other Greek Versions of the Old Testament, including the Apocrypha (1897) Supplement including a Hebrew to Greek Index at the end
Parsing Guides to the New Testament
The Analytical Greek Lexicon: consisting of an Alphabetical Arrangement of Every Occurring Inflexion of Every Word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a Grammatical Analysis of each Word… (Samuel Bagster & Sons, n.d.) 510 pp.
These parsing guides make things easier to find in the dictionaries below, and help one in translating the sense of the word. This work and Moulton below are arranged by the Greek alphabet.
Moulton, Harold – The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised (1978) 522 pp.
Zerwick, Maximilian & Mary Grosvenor – A Grammatical Analysis of the Greek New Testament Unabridged, 4th rev. ed. Pre Buy (1993) 825 pp. A Romanist publisher
An interesting and helpful work. Gives grammatical notes on each word of the Greek New Testament in the main text-block itself, in the chapter and verse order of each of the New Testament books.
Han, Nathan – Parsing Guide to the Greek New Testament Buy (1994) 496 pp.
This is helpful as it is laid out by book, chapter and verse through the Bible. Only the verbs are parsed. Unfortunately, the Greek text used is the 25th edition of Nestle-Aland, which sometimes differs from the Textus Receptus tradition.
More New Testament Greek Dictionaries
Laing, Henry – A New Greek & English Lexicon to the New Testament, on the Plan of Dawson’s Greek & Latin Lexicon… for the Use of Schools 1821 450 pp.
Robson, Charles – A Greek Lexicon to the New Testament on the Basis of Dr. Robinson’s, designed for Junior Students in Divinity and the Higher Classes in Schools 1839 534 pp.
Groves, John – A Greek and English Dictionary, comprising all the Words in the Writings of the Most Popular Greek Authors… and in the Septuagint and New Testament Designed for the Use of Schools 1839 740 pp.
Bloomfield, S.T. – A Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament, especially adapted to the use of Colleges and Schools… 1840 490 pp.
Parkhurst, John – A Greek and English Lexicon to the New Testament 1845 870 pp. revised by Rose & Major
Robinson, Edward – A Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament 1850 820 pp. New edition
Green, Samuel Gosnell – ‘Vocabulary’ appended to Handbook to the Grammar of the Greek Testament, together with a Complete Vocabulary... (London: Religious Tract Society )
** Cremer, Hermann – Biblico-Theological Lexicon of New Testament Greek 1886 960 pp. T. & T. Clark 3rd English edition
** Thayer, Joseph Henry – A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti 1887 760 pp.
Green, Thomas Sheldon – A Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament 1896 240 pp. revised and enlarged
Berry, George R. – A New Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament in The Interlinear Literal Translation of the Greek New Testament with the Authorized Version 1897
Hickie, W.J. – Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament after the Latest & Best Authorities 1911 220 pp.
** Abbott-Smith, George – A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament 1922 540 pp.
Louw, Johannes & Eugene Nida – Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains, vol. 1, 2 Buy (American Bible Society, 1988)
Mounce, William – Greek Dictionary This is an online work in progress
On Synonyms of the N.T.
Tittmann, John Aug. Henry – Remarks on the Synonyms of the New Testament, vol. 1, 2 1833/37
Green, Samuel Gosnell – ‘New Testament Synonyms’ appended to Handbook to the Grammar of the Greek Testament, together with a Complete Vocabulary, & an Examination of the Chief New Testament Synonyms (London: Religious Tract Society )
** Trench, Richard C. – Synonyms of the New Testament (1894) 440 pp. 12th edition
Berry, George R. – ‘New Testament Synonyms’ 25 pp. being an appendix in The Interlinear Literal Translation of the Greek New Testament with the Authorized Version (1897)
New Testament Greek Concordances
Wigram, George – The Englishman’s Greek concordance of the New Testament (1844)
Bruder, Carol Herman – …Concordantiae Omnium Vocum Novi Testamenti Graeci (Leipzig, 1888)
Greek Dictionaries for the Byzantine Era
The Suda (Wiki) is a 10th century Byzantine encyclopedia and Greek lexicon.
Sophocles, E.A. – Greek Lexicon of the Roman & Byzantine Periods (from B.C. 146 to A.D. 1100) (1900) 1,210 pp.
English to Greek Dictionaries
Yonge, C.D. – An English-Greek Lexicon (1849) 540 pp.
Hamilton, Henry – An English-Greek Lexicon (1868) 280 pp.
Bullinger, Ethelbert – A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament (1895) 1,030 pp.
Woodhouse, S.C. – English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language (1910) 1,040 pp.
Bible Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
New Testament Background, Survey, Authenticity & Introduction