Infant Baptism

 “For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.” 

Acts 2:39

“For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.”

1 Cor. 7:14

“But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.”

Matt 19:14

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Subsections

Historic Quotes that the Children of Professing Believers are to be Baptized Because they are Outwardly in the Covenant

Are people baptized because they are in the Covenant or are they in the Covenant because they are baptized?  They are baptized because they are in the Covenant.

The Baptism of the Children of Adherents

An Adherent is someone who is a baptized church member but does not partake of the Lord’s Supper 

 

 

Order of Contents

Articles
Booklet
Books
The Efficacy of Baptism for Infants
Can Infants Have Faith?
Are all Dying Infants Saved?

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Articles 

Cunningham, William – Infant Baptism  1863, p. 144, 10 pages 

Hodge, Charles – The Subjects of Baptism  1861, from The Princeton Review, volume 33

 

 

Booklet 

Kayser, Phillip – Seven Biblical Principles that Call for Infant Baptism, PDF, 1990, 52 pp.

 

 

Books

Harrison, Michael – Infant Baptism God’s ordinance, or, Clear Proof that all the Children of Believing Parents are in the Covenant of Grace and have as much a right to baptism the now seal of the covenant, as the infant seed of the Jews had to circumcision, the then seal of the covenant  1694  58 pp.

Harrison was reformed.

Miller, Samuel – Infant Baptism Scriptural and Reasonable, and Baptism by Sprinkling, part 1part 2part 3 & 4  Buy  1835  163 pp.

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The Efficacy of Baptism for Infants

Wisius, Herman – On the Efficacy and Utility of Baptism in the Case of Elect Infants whose Parents are Under the Covenant  1693  64 pp.  Includes an Introduction by Mark Beach 

See also our page on Baptismal Regeneration

 

 

Can Infants have Faith?

Turretin, Francis – The Faith of Infants  †1687  21 paragraphs

This is the best article on the topic.  Turretin says yes and no, and distinguishes.

Lutherans go too far in giving infants full fledged adult faith.  Anabaptists go too far in denying any possibility of faith whatsoever in infants.  

Turretin argues the historic reformed view that infants are capable according to their infant nature, to trust in the sense of divinity stamped on their souls.  They may have a seed-form of faith, which, if present savingly by God’s regeneration, will blossom into trusting the Son of God to save them from their sins when they can understand and are taught such.

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Are All Dying Infants Saved?

Westminster Confession 10.3 states that dying ‘elect infants’ are saved through Christ.  While the views that (1) all dying infants are elect, and/or (2) that all infants dying in the visible Church are elect, are possible interpretations of the Westminster Confession, the historic viewpoint of most of the divines was that (3) not all dying infants, and not all dying infants in the Church, are elect.  Some are not elected and perish.

The writer below was a Cumberland Presbyterian (which Church’s distinctives are not wholly recommended).  In chapter 1 he expresses some sentiments about the New Testament and the early Church’s teaching that we do not wholly agree with, but otherwise the work is a very good and faithful survey of the historical context and viewpoint of the greater part of the Assembly:

Stephens, J.V. – Elect Infants, or, Infant Salvation in the Westminster Symbols  1900  180 pp.

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Related Pages

Baptism

The Covenant of Grace

Historic Reformed Quotes on the Visible Church being Outwardly in the Covenant of Grace