On the Roman Sacrament of Orders & Ordination


Order of Contents

Articles  15
Quote  1
Latin  8+





Calvin, John – bk.4, ch. 19, sections 22-33, ‘Of Ecclesiastical Orders’  ToC  Their Spuriousness Proved & their True Character Explained’  in Institutes of the Christian Religion  trans. Henry Beveridge  (1559; Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1845), pp. 502-13

Musculus, Wolfgang – pp. 274b-275a  in V. ‘Of the Number of the Sacramental Signs of the New Testament’  in Common Places of the Christian Religion  (London, 1563)

Jewel, John – ‘Of Holy Orders’  in Two Treatises: I. On the Holy Scriptures; II. On the Sacraments  (Oxford: Parker, 1840), pt. 2, pp. 214-24

Jewel was a Calvinistic Anglican bishop.

Willet, Andrew – 2nd Question, ‘Of Orders’  in Synopsis Papismi, that is, ‘A General View of Papistry’  (1592), 16th Controversy, pp. 545-49



Attersoll, William – ch. 20, ‘That Orders are No Sacrament’  in The Badges of Christianity, or a Treatise of the Sacraments Fully Declared out of the Word of God…  (London, 1606), bk. 1, pp. 92-96

Du Moulin, Pierre – 35th Article, ‘Of the Number of Sacraments’  in The Buckler of the Faith: or a Defense of the Confession of Faith of the Reformed Churches in France, Against the Objections of M. Arnoux the Jesuit, wherein All the Principal Controversies between the Reformed Churches & the Church of Rome are Decided  (London, 1620), pp. 412-14

Of the Sacrament of Orders
Whether the Order of Priesthood be a Sacrament

Rivet, Andrew – ‘Order’  in 47. ‘On the Five False Sacraments of the Papists’  in Synopsis of a Purer Theology: Latin Text & English Translation  Buy  (1625; Brill, 2016), vol. 3, pp. 349-61

Wolleb, Johannes – p. 128  in ch. 22, pt. 2, section 6  in Abridgment of Christian Divinity  (1626)  in ed. Beardslee, Reformed Dogmatics: J. Wollebius, G. Voetius & F. Turretin  (Oxford Univ. Press, 1965)

Wolleb (1589–1629) was a Swiss reformed theologian.  He was a student of Amandus Polanus.

Anon. – Their Errors Touching Order  in The Anatomy of Popery, or a Catalogue of Popish Errors in Doctrine & Corruptions in Worship, Together with the Agreement between Paganism, Pharisaism & Popery  (London, 1673), ch. 1, pp. 131-143

Sylvester, Matthew – p. 436, point 4  of Sermon 21, ‘There are but Two Sacraments Under the New Testament’  in Puritan Sermons at Cripplegate  (London: Thomas Tegg, 1844), vol. 6

Sylvester was an English puritan.

Turretin, Francis – Institutes of Elenctic Theology, tr. George M. Giger, ed. James Dennison Jr.  (1679–1685; P&R, 1994), vol. 3, 19th Topic

10. ‘Is a mark (i.e., a spiritual and indelible sign) impressed upon the soul in the three sacraments, baptism, confirmation and order?  We deny  against the Romanists.’  375

31. ‘Are confirmation, penance, orders, marriage and extreme unction true sacraments?  We deny against the Romanists.’  548



Mr. Gee – ‘Of the Sacrament of Orders’  in eds. Edmund Gibson & John Cumming – A Preservative Against Popery, in Several Select Discourses upon the Principal Heads of Controversy Between Protestants & Papists, being written & Published by the Most Eminent Divines of the Church of England, Chiefly in the Reign of King James II [1685-88]  (London, 1848), vol. 8, ‘The Popish Doctrine Concerning the Sacraments Confuted’, bk. 1, ‘The Number & Nature of Them in General’, II. ‘The Texts Examined which Papists Cite out of the Bible for the Proof of their Doctrine Concerning the Seven Sacraments & the Efficacy of Them’, pp. 151-56

Hodge, Charles – ‘Orders’  in ch. 20, ‘The Means of Grace’, section 3, ‘The Number of the Sacraments’  in Systematic Theology  (NY: Charles Scribner, 1872), vol. 3, pp. 494-95

Dabney, Robert L. – p. 734, section 4  in Lecture 61, ‘The Sacraments’, section 5, ‘But Two New Testament Sacraments.  Rome has Seven.’  in Syllabus & Notes of the Course of Systematic & Polemic Theology  (St. Louis: Presbyterian Publishing Co. of St. Louis, 1878)





Samuel Rutherford

The Due Right of Presbyteries  (1644), pt. 1, p. 199

“2. We see no indelible character because a pastor is always a called pastor: if the man commit scandals, the Church may call all his character from him and turn him into a mere private man.”



Latin Articles


Szegedin Pannonius, Stephan – ‘Of Priesthood, or Order’  in Common Places of Pure Theology  (Basil, 1585/1593), pt. 2, ‘Of Man’, 3. ‘Of Popish Doctrine’, pp. 486-87

Szegedin (1515-1572) also was known as Stephan Kis.


Alsted, Johann H. – 2. ‘What is to be judged of ordination?’  in ‘The Three Other Sacraments: Extreme Unction, Ordination & Matrimony’  in Polemical Theology, Exhibiting the Principal Eternal Things of Religion in Navigating Controversies  (Hanau, 1620; 1627), pt. 4, Controversies with the Romanists, pp. 514-15

Chamier, Daniel

‘Of Order’  in A Body of Theology, or Theological Common Places  (Geneva, 1653), bk. 7, ch. 9, ‘On the Number of the Sacraments’, pp. 395-97

Chamier (1564–1621)

Of Ordination, chs. 22-26  ToC  in Panstratiae Catholicae, or a Body of the Controversies of Religion Against the Papists  (Frankfurt, 1627-1629), vol. 4, Locus 4, ‘Of the Sacraments’, bk. 4, pp. 102-8

Ames, William – bk. 7, ch. 1, 3 questions  in Bellarmine Enervated  (London, 1632-1633), vol. 3, pp. 198-201

Maresius, Samuel – Controversy 26, ‘On Ordination’  in A New Synopsis of Elenctic Theology  (1646-1647), vol. 2, pp. 856-74

Maresius (1599-1673)

Revius, Jacobus – 176. ‘False Sacraments, fifth part, which is of Ordination’  in 331 Disputations of Compendious Theology  (Leiden, 1649), vol. 2

Revius (1586-1658)

Voet, Gisbert – Ecclesiastical Politics  (Amsterdam, 1663-1676), vol. 4, pt. 3, bk. 2, Considerations on the Governing and Ordering of the Church Respecting its being Erected, Tract 2, Of the Government of the Church, which Ought to be Maintained and Augmented

1. Of the Augmentation and Multiplication of Exercises, Acts and Ecclesiastical Offices  355



Heidegger, Johann Heinrich

Thesis 62, ‘Of Ordination’  in The Marrow of Christian Theology  (Zurich, 1713), Locus 25, Of External Worship, p. 296

Heidegger (1633-1698)

Thesis 143, ‘Of Ordination’  in A Body of Christian Theology  (Tigur, 1700), vol. 2, Locus 25, ‘Of Outward Worship’




Related Pages


Laying on of Hands

Extraordinary Calling

Question of Presbyterial Succession

On the 7 Sacraments of Romanism


The Sacraments

On Natural Gestures, Signs & Customs about Worship, & of Reverence & Veneration as Distinguished from the Worship of Adoration

Church Government

On Prelacy & Episcopacy

On the Governing of the Church



Preparation for Ministry