The Doctrines of Grace

Salvation belongeth unto the Lord.”

Ps. 3:8

“For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God”

Eph. 2:8

“I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.  So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.”

Rom. 9:15,16




Total Depravity

Unconditional Election

Definite Atonement

Irresistible Grace

Perseverance of the Saints

The Decrees of God




Cunningham, William

Calvinism and Arminianism1862, p. 418, 52 pages, from his Reformers and the Theology of the Reformation

Calvinism and its Practical Application, 1862, p. 525, 74 pages, from his The Reformers and the Theology of the Reformation 

Calvinism and the Doctrine of Philosophical Necessity, 1862, p. 471, 53 pages, from his Reformers and the Theology of the Reformation

The Church of the First Two Centuries: the Doctrines of Gracefrom his Historical Theology, Ch. 7, 6 paragraphs

Fentiman, Travis – John 3:16 – God’s Love for all Mankind in the Sincere Free Offer of the Gospel, 2014, 16 paragraphs

Miller, Samuel – The Rejection of Revealed Truth Referable to Moral Depravity, Heb. 3:121830, p. 195, 44 pages

Packer, J.I. – An Introduction to John Owen’s The Death of Death in the Death of Christ, 20 pages

This is perhaps the best introduction to the Doctrines of Grace and Limited Atonement.  John Owen’s work is perhaps the most extensive and full treatment of the question of the Extent of Christ’s Atonement available. 

Waddell, James – Re-Examination of Dr. Girardeau’s Views of the Freedom of the Will1880, 26 pages, from The Southern Presbyterian Review, 31.4, Oct., 1880, 690-716.  Girardeau initially wrote two articles regarding the Fall of Adam in 1879 for The Southern Presbyterian Review.  Waddell then responded with criticisms in the same journal.  In two issues of the journal in 1880 Girardeau responded to Waddell.  Here is Waddell’s response to Girardeau’s defense.

This article takes up the very interesting and somewhat complex issues regarding the nature of the decree of sin, whether it was permissive or not, and in what sense, the nature of its certainty, the relation of the decree to God’s foreknowledge, and Calvin’s interpretation of all of these things. 




Dabney, Robert –  The Five Points of CalvinismHTML, indexed by each point,  Buy  

A defense of Total Depravity, Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible Grace and Perseverance of the Saints

Girardeau, John – Calvinism and Evangelical Arminianism,  Buy  HTML, 1890, 584 pages, by John Girardeau

Evangelical Arminianism is the popular teaching of the church at large today.  It is often hard to pin down in order to analyze carefully.  Here Girardeau carefully articulates it and contrasts it to the Biblical truths of Election, Reprobation and Justification, which fully exposes the inadequacies of Evangelical Arminianism.  An easy to read book, but in-depth with much meat.

Kennedy, John – Man’s Relations to God  Buy  1869  175 pp.  being four chapters

Our relation to God is of the utmost consequence.  What are all the relations that God bears to man?  Kennedy takes up controversial subjects that were prominent in his day (and will always be of perennial interest to God’s people), of whether God is the father of all mankind, the sincere offer of the gospel, the warrant of faith, the extent of the atonement (and the error of the double-reference theory), the covenants of scripture, the doctrine of adoption, and others.




John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan

‘Just a Talker’, pp. 20-21

“Calvinism, as I have heard Lutherans define it…  is so horrible a thing that I shrink aghast at the thought of it!”

“Every unrenewed Arminian is a Pelagian, and every unrenewed Calvinist is a fatalist.”

“Calvinism and Pelagianism are the only consistent systems.  Arminianism is utterly inconsistent and irrational.”

“I think I’m a high Calvinist.  I have no objection to the height of the Calvinists, but I have objections to the miserable narrowness of some, the miserable narrowness.”

“As Calvinism rises to the infinite, it can’t be too high.”




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