Commentaries on Individual Psalms

This collection includes every work that Charles Spurgeon gave his highest rating to, plus numerous more.  See also Commentaries on the Whole Book of Psalms.  Spurgeon’s scale is as follows:

*** – ‘Heartily recommended’
** – ‘Good, but more ordinary’
* – ‘Least desirable’

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Order of Contents

Expositions of:

Numerous Individual Psalms  (6)
The Penitential Psalms  (5)
The Imprecatory Psalms  (12+)

Individual Psalms  (170+  in numerical order)
.        Ps. 1-50
.        Ps. 51-100
.        Ps. 101-150

Commentaries on the Use of Each Psalm in History  (3)

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Expositions of Numerous Individual Psalms

Baker, Richard – Meditations and Disquisitions upon the First Psalm; the penitential psalms; and the seven consolatory psalms  1645

This work includes commentary on Psalm 1,6,23,27,30,32,34,38,51,84,102,103,116,130 & 143.

***  “O rare Sir Richard Baker!  Knight of the flowing pen.  His ‘Meditations and Disquisitions’ are altogether marrow and fatness.  We have often tried to quote from him and have found ourselves so embarrassed with riches that we have been inclined to copy the whole book.  Why it has not been reprinted, and made to pass through fifty editions, we cannot tell.  Poor man, he became a surety and smarted, dying in poverty in the Fleet.  Were there any Christians alive in those days?”  – Spurgeon

Beisner, Calvin – Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988  283 pp.

This includes (quite good) meditative devotional expositions of: Ps. 15, 18, 19, 22, 50, 51, 73, 74, 85, 88, 90, 101, 103, 104, 105, 107, 109, 145.  Beisner has been a professor at Covenant College, TN and a conservative minister in the PCA.

Boys, John – An Exposition of the Proper Psalms used in our English liturgy, together with a reason why the Church did choose the same  ToC  1616

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

Cope, Anthony – A Godly Meditation upon 20 Select and Chosen Psalms of the Prophet David  ToC  1547

Cope (c.1486–1551) was an English author.

*  “More curious than valuable.  The style is scholastic and pointless.” – Spurgeon

Edersheim, Alfred – The Golden Diary of Heart Converse with Jesus in the Book of Psalms  1873

Meditations on Ps. 1-24, 31, 41, 42, 47, 93, 99, 101, 102, 110, 116, 121, 124, 127, 133, 137

**“Sweet and spiritual; worth purchasing.” – Spurgeon

Rollock, Robert An Exposition upon some Select Psalms of David  d. 1599

Including expositions of 15 Psalms: 3, 6, 16, 23, 32, 39, 42, 49, 51, 62, 65, 84, 116, 130, 137

** “Rollock’s works are rare.  He wrote in Latin, and his language is made more dull than need be by the translator.  All his writings are masterly.” – Spurgeon


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Expositions of the Penitential Psalms:  6, (25), 32, 38, 51, 102, 130, 143

Beza, Theodore – Christian Meditations upon Eight Psalms of the Prophet David  ToC  Including a meditation on Psalm 1

Donne, John – ‘Sermons on the Penitential Psalms’, Works, vol. 2 (6, 32:1-6), 3 (32:7-11, 51)  d. 1631

*** “A right royal writer, whose every line is a pearl.” – Spurgeon

Fisher, John – Commentary on the Seven Penitential Psalms, vol. 1 (6, 32, 38, 51), 2  (102, 130, 143)  1509  (the numbering of the psalms is one number different in the table of contents, due to a different counting)

Fisher (1469-1535) was a Roman Catholic.

* – “Dry and tedious: in the stiff antique style.” – Spurgeon

Hayward, John – David’s Tears  (on Ps. 6, 32, 130)  1623

** – “After the Puritanic method: full of point and pith.” – Spurgeon

Simson, Archibald – Exposition on the Seven Psalms of Repentance  PoD

Including expositions of: Ps. 6, 25, 32, 38, 51, 130, 143

*** – ‘A marrowy author, full of instruction.’ – Spurgeon

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The Imprecatory Psalms

The imprecatory Psalms are Psalms which call down God’s curses (imprecations) upon His enemies, including Ps. 7, 9, 35, 39, 55, 58, 59, 69, 79, 83, 94, 109, 129, 137, 140, etc.

The Imprecatory Psalms  (12+)


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Expositions of Individual Psalms

1

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Prologue: In Whose Counsel?  Psalm 1’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Beza, Theodore – Christian Meditations upon Eight Psalms of the Prophet David  ToC  Including a meditation on Psalm 1

Fletcher, Phineas – The Way to Blessedness, a Treatise, or Commentary, on the First Psalm  1632

Hilary of Poitiers – Homilies on Psalm 1  in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, vol. 9, pp. 235 ff.

Smith, Samuel – David’s Blessed Man: a Short Exposition on the First Psalm, directing a man to True Happiness  9th ed. 1635

** “Very popular in its day, and worthily so.” – Spurgeon

Stonham, Mathew – A Treatise on the First Psalm  1610

** – “Somewhat dry, scholastic and out of date; but still an interesting and instructive piece of old divinity.” – Spurgeon

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2

Harpur, George – Christ in the Psalms, an Exposition of the 2nd, 45th, and 110th Psalms, in a Series of Discourses  1862

**  “Discourses of a high order as to ability, but the historico-prophetic interpretations here given do not commend themselves to us.” – Spurgeon

Pitcairn, David – Zion’s King: The Second Psalm Expounded in the Light of History and Prophecy  1851

**  “This author does not err on the side of conciseness.  His book is a meritorious effort, but we have found it somewhat heavy reading.” – Spurgeon

Rumburg, H. Rondel – The Universal Dominion of Christ: a Study in Psalm 2  Buy  1996  81 pp.

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4

Horton, Thomas – Choice and Practical Expositions on Four Select Psalms: 4, 42, 51, 63  Buy  1675

***“A marvelous homiletical exposition.  Horton’s discourses are very full of divisions, but then he always has plenty of solid matter to divide.  Ministers will find teeming suggestions here.” – Spurgeon

Leighton, Robert – Meditations Practical and Critical on Ps. 4   Buy  †1684  in Works, vol. 2

***“Everything that fell from his pen is worth its weight in diamonds.” – Spurgeon

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6   (See also Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above)

Knox, John – An Exposition upon the Sixth Psalm of David, Addressed to Mrs. Bowes  1554  in Works, 3:111-156

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8

Binnie, William – ‘The 8th Psalm’  1 page in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 186  Buy  1886

Leighton, Robert – Meditations Practical and Critical on Ps. 8   Buy  †1684  in Works, vol. 2

***“Everything that fell from his pen is worth its weight in diamonds.” – Spurgeon

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15

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Man of the Covenant: Psalm 15’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Cartwright, Christopher – A Practical and Polemical Commentary or Exposition on the Whole 15th Psalm  ToC  1658

** “A learned and weighty work; not readily met with.” – Spurgeon

Downame, George – Lectures on the 15th Psalm, wherein besides many other very profitable and necessary matters, the question of usury is plainly and fully decided  1604

** – “Lectures by one of the race of giant divines.” – Spurgeon

Erasmus, Desiderus – An Exposition of Psalm 15 in which is full purely declared the pure and clean behavior that ought to be in the pure Church of Christ, which is the multitude of all true Christen people  d. 1536

Turnbull, Richard – An Exposition upon the 15th Psalm, divided into Four Sermons  1592

Turnbull (d. 1593) was a fellow of Oxford and a reformed minister in London.

** “By a popular and edifying preacher of the olden times.” – Spurgeon

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16

Dale, Thomas – The Golden Psalm: Being a Practical, Experimental and Prophetical Exposition of Psalm 16  1847

*  “Good, simple discourses; the headings might suggest a course of sermons.” – Spurgeon

Frame, James – Christ in Gethsemane: an Exposition of Psalm 16  1858

**  “A sterling, well-intentioned and well-executed comment.  The text has to be a little twisted to suit the theory of the interpreter, but we do not suppose that Mr. Frame is conscious of it.  He is one of the best of modern discoursers upon the Psalms.” – Spurgeon

Greenham, Richard – A Godly Exposition of the 16th Psalm  d. 1591

See Spurgeon’s comments on his work on Ps. 119.

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18

Beisner, Calvin – ‘A God Worthy of Praise: Psalm 18’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Brown, John – The Sufferings and Glories of the Messiah, an Exposition of Ps. 18 and Isa. 52:13-53:12  1853 

This was John Brown of Edinburgh (1784-1858), the great exegetical commentator and Scottish Secession Church minister.

*** – “Like all Dr. Brown’s productions, this is a work of the highest order.  Clear, full, and in the best manner, exegetical.” – Spurgeon

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19

Beisner, Calvin – ‘God the Creator and Lawgiver: Psalm 19’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Reeve, J.W. – Lectures on the 19th Psalm  1863

*** – “By one of the ablest preachers among the Evangelical Episcopalians.  Scriptural, thoughtful, and original.” – Spurgeon

Richardson, J. Wilberforce – Illustrations of the 19th Psalm  1870

**  “Sound in doctrine, but verbose and common-place.” – Spurgeon

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20

Bownd, Nicholas – Medicines for the Plague, that is, Godly and Fruitful sermons upon part of the 20th Psalm, full of instructions and comfort: very fit generally for all times of affliction, but more particularly applied to this late visitation of the plague  ToC  Buy  1604  being 21 sermons on verses 1-6

** – “Racy, quaint, extremely rare.” – Spurgeon

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22

1800’s

Binnie, William – ‘The 22nd Psalm’  3 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 172 ff.  Buy  1886

Frame, James – The Song of the Cross  1872

** – “This is valuable, as Mr. Frame’s books generally are.” – Spurgeon

Stevenson, John – Christ on the Cross: an Exposition of the 22nd Psalm  1851  350 pp.  rep. SGCB

** – “The best of Dr. Stevenson’s books.  Exceedingly precious in its unveiling of the Redeemer’s sorrows.  We have derives personal spiritual benefit from the perusal of this gracious exposition, and are unable to judge it critically.” – Spurgeon

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1900’s

Beisner, Calvin – ‘The Cross and the Kingdom: Psalm 22’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Morgan, G. Campbell – Notes on the Psalms  Buy  1947

‘Valuable for Morgan’s handling of Psalms 22-24 with Christ as Savior, Shepherd, and Sovereign.’ – Cyril J. Barber

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23

Reformers

Hooper, John – Certain comfortable expositions of Bishop Hooper written in the time of his Tribulation and Imprisonment, upon Psalms 23, 62, 73, and 77  d. 1555

Hooper was one of the English martyrs during the time of Bloody Mary.

* – “The cramped style and antiquated matter repel the reader.” – Spurgeon

Coverdale, Myles – Exposition upon the 22nd Psalm  †1569  40 pp.  in Remains  Parker Society

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Puritan

Baker, Richard – ‘Psalm 23’ in Meditations and Disquisitions upon the First Psalm; the Penitential Psalms; and the Seven Consolatory Psalms, pp. 305-320  1645

***  “O rare Sir Richard Baker!  Knight of the flowing pen.  His ‘Meditations and Disquisitions’ are altogether marrow and fatness.  We have often tried to quote from him and have found ourselves so embarrassed with riches that we have been inclined to copy the whole book.  Why it has not been reprinted, and made to pass through fifty editions, we cannot tell.  Poor man, he became a surety and smarted, dying in poverty in the Fleet.  Were there any Christians alive in those days?”  – Spurgeon

Renwick, James – Lecture on Ps. 23  Buy  †1688  23 paragraphs

Renwick was the last Scottish covenanter martyr in Scotland.

Sedgwick, Obadiah – The Shepherd of Israel, or God’s Pastoral Care over his People, delivered in diverse sermons on the whole Twenty-Third Psalm  1658

Sedgwick was an English puritan and Westminster divine.

** “Sedgwick was one of the most eminent preachers of the time of the Commonwealth.  His commenting is solid and lively.” – Spurgeon

Smith, Samuel – The Chief Shepherd; or an Exposition on the 23rd Psalm  1625

**“All the writings of Samuel Smith are good, but not so full of memorable sentences and pithy sayings as certain others of their date.” – Spurgeon

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1700’s

Pierce, Samuel – On the Twenty-Third Psalm  1796  13 pp.

Pierce (1746–1829) was an English, calvinistic Baptist.

On his commentary on 1 John:  ***  “This devout author was highly Calvinistic, but withal full of spiritual power and unction.  He loved the deep things of God, and wrote upon them in a gracious manner.” – Spurgeon

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1800’s

Dale, Thomas – The Good Shepherd and the Chosen Flock: an Exposition of the 23rd Psalm  1845

**  “Somewhat ordinary evangelical discourses.” – Spurgeon

Meyer, F.B. – The Shepherd Psalm  1895  210 pp.

Meyer (1847–1929) was an English, baptist pastor who wrote numerous, very good devotional works.

Miller, Andrew – Meditations on Twenty-Third and Eighty-Fourth Psalms  n.d.

**  “Discursive, but devout; more useful to the heart than the head.” – Spurgeon

Paton, James – The Children’s Psalm: Twelve Meditations and Twelve Spiritual Songs on the 23rd Psalm  1870

**  “Worthy of much commendation.  It is unfortunate that the title leads the reader to expect a book for children, whereas the author intended to edify the children of God of an older growth.” – Spurgeon

Stevenson, John – The Lord our Shepherd: an Exposition of the 23rd Psalm  1859  rep. SGCB

** “Too wire-drawn, but it is golden wire.” – Spurgeon

Stoughton, John – The Song of Christ’s Flock in the 23rd Psalm  1860

**  “Devout practical meditations, but we don’t see how a flock can sing.” – Spurgeon

Thornton, J. – The Shepherd of Israel, a Practical Exposition and Improvement of the 23rd Psalm  1826

*  “We need no longer wonder how spiders make such long threads with such little material, for here is an equally amazing instance of spinning.  Plentiful quotations of Scripture, and venerable anecdotes are here used as substitutes for thought, not as aids to it.” – Spurgeon

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1900’s

Stalker, James – The Psalm of Psalms: being an Exposition of the 23rd Psalm  1913  140 pp.

Stalker was a minister of the United Free Church of Scotland.

Morgan, G. Campbell – Notes on the Psalms  Buy  1947

‘Valuable for Morgan’s handling of Psalms 22-24 with Christ as Savior, Shepherd, and Sovereign.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Owen, George Frederick – The Shepherd Psalm of Palestine  Buy  1958

‘Rich and rewarding, and vividly recreates the historic setting which gave rise to this psalm.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Beeke, Joel – The Lord Shepherding his Sheep  Buy  1993  304 pp.  See the link for the table of contents

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24

Boys, John – Psalm 24  1629 in Works

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

Morgan, G. Campbell – Notes on the Psalms  Buy  1947

‘Valuable for Morgan’s handling of Psalms 22-24 with Christ as Savior, Shepherd, and Sovereign.’ – Cyril J. Barber

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25   (See also Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above)

Halkett, Anne – Meditations on the Twenty-Fifth Psalm. Also Meditations and Prayers upon the First Week: with Observations on each day’s Creation  Buy  1778

**  “This lady was eminent for medicine as well as theology; she left twenty-one volumes: this and another book of meditations appear to be all that have been reprinted.” – Spurgeon

Mossom, Robert – The Preacher’s Tripartite in Three Books: The First to Raise Devotion in Divine Meditations upon Psalm 25  Buy  1657

*** “Thoroughly devotional, eminently consolatory, and deeply experimental.  Mossom is a fruitful writer.” – Spurgeon

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27

Pierson, Thomas – Excellent Encouragements Against Afflictions, containing David’s Triumph over Distress on Ps. 27  d. 1633

**“Pierson was not the richest or most overflowing of the old divines, but yet one who stood in the front rank.” – Spurgeon

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32   (See also Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above)

Baron, David – Sin and Forgiveness (Ps. 32)  1907  30 pp.

Leighton, Robert – Meditations Practical and Critical on Ps. 32   Buy  †1684  in Works, vol. 2

***“Everything that fell from his pen is worth its weight in diamonds.” – Spurgeon

Reeve, J.W. – Lectures on the 32nd Psalm  Buy  1859

** – “Orthodox, spiritual, and suggestive lectures, by an evangelical clergyman.” – Spurgeon

Taylor, Thomas – David’s Learning, or The Way to True Happiness in a Commentary upon the 32nd Psalm  1617

**“On account of Taylor’s great knowledge of the Scriptures, he was commonly called ‘the illuminated Doctor.’  Fuller calls him ‘a grave divine, a painful preacher, and a profitable writer.’  He is one of the richest in matter of all the Puritans.” – Spurgeon

Willard, Samuel – The Truly Blessed Man: or, The Way to be Happy Here, and Forever: being the Substance of Divers sermons preached on Psalm 32  1700

**“One of the first books printed in the United States.  An old-fashioned exposition.  The price is caused by its rarity rather than its value.” – Spurgeon

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33

Baron, David – The Praise Worthiness of Jehovah and the Blessedness of his People  1907  35 pp.

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38

  See the Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above

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39

Leighton, Robert – Meditations Practical and Critical on Ps. 39   Buy  †1684  in Works, vol. 2

***“Everything that fell from his pen is worth its weight in diamonds.” – Spurgeon

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40

Bruce, Robert – Sermon on Ps. 40  1617  from his The Way to True Peace and Rest

Frame, James – Christ and his Work  1869

**  “Well done.  Though differing from the author at times, we are grateful for such real help.” – Spurgeon

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42

Horton, Thomas – Choice and Practical Expositions on Four Select Psalms: 4, 42, 51, 63  Buy  1675

***“A marvelous homiletical exposition.  Horton’s discourses are very full of divisions, but then he always has plenty of solid matter to divide.  Ministers will find teeming suggestions here.” – Spurgeon

MacDuff, J.R. – The Hart and the Water-brooks: a Practical Exposition of the 42nd Psalm  1860

**  “See remarks on other books by this copious writer.” – Spurgeon

On Naaman:  ***  “In Dr. Macduff’s best manner: the story of Naaman is admirably handled, and made to teach the gospel with much freshness.” – Spurgeon

On Elijah:  ***  “Dr. Macduff writes popularly, yet he is by no means weak or shallow.  He is to the young minister all the more useful, because he has worked out the problem of making sound thought intelligible to the multitude.” – Spurgeon

‘In these devotional studies on Psalm 42, the author rises to heights of eloquence as he expounds the text.’ – Cyril J. Barber

March, Henry – Sabbaths at Home, or a Help to their Right Improvement, founded upon the 42nd and 43rd Psalms, Intended for the Use of Pious Persons when Prevented from Attending the Public Worship of God  1823

**  “Profitable reading, rendered all the more pleasing by the introduction of very choice poetry.  Not important to the expositor.” – Spurgeon

Sibbes, Richard – The Soul’s Conflict and Victory over itself by Faith  1635 in Works, vol. 1

*** “Mainly upon verses 5 and 11.  Sibbes never wastes the student’s time; he scatters pearls and diamonds with both hands.” – Spurgeon

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43

March, Henry – Sabbaths at Home, or a Help to their Right Improvement, founded upon the 42nd and 43rd Psalms, Intended for the Use of Pious Persons when Prevented from Attending the Public Worship of God  1823

**  “Profitable reading, rendered all the more pleasing by the introduction of very choice poetry.  Not important to the expositor.” – Spurgeon

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45

“It is on his bounty you are to live, who is not only a bountiful Giver, but a bountiful Giver of a very peculiar kind – a bountiful Husband.”

John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan

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Baron, David – The Glorious King and Bridegroom & The King’s Marriage Feast  1907  42 & 22 pp.

Bennett, Thomas – Sermons on the 45th Psalm  Buy  1781

**“Twenty-four sermons after the manner of Ralph Erskine, in which Jesus is all in all.  What more need be said in their praise?” – Spurgeon

Binnie, William – ‘The 45th Psalm’  4 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 174 ff.  Buy  1886

Boys, John – An Exposition of the Proper Psalms used in our English liturgy, together with a reason why the Church did choose the same  ToC  1616

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

Harpur, George – Christ in the Psalms, an Exposition of the 2nd, 45th, and 110th Psalms, in a Series of Discourses  1862

**  “Discourses of a high order as to ability, but the historico-prophetic interpretations here given do not commend themselves to us.” – Spurgeon

Pennefather, William – The Bridegroom King, a Meditation on Psalm 45  1875

**  “Rather a meditation than an exposition.  A fitting book for a sick bed.  The little chapters might lie, like wafers made with honey, upon the praiseful tongues of the suffering believer.  The beloved writer has now gone to see the King in his beauty, of whom he had those glimpses here which enabled him to pen this tiny volume.” – Spurgeon

Pitcairn, David – The Anointed Savior Set Forth as the Principal Object of Saving Faith  1846

**  “Contains an exposition of part of Psalm 45, as applied to Messiah’s first and second advents.  Good, yet it read rather wearily to us.” – Spurgeon

Troughton, William – The Mystery of the Marriage Song  ToC  1656  

Troughton (c.1613-c.1686) was a reformed puritan.

*  “An old work with nothing new or striking in it.  Remarkably tame and meagre for a work of that exuberant period.  Let it alone.” – Spurgeon

Willet, Andrew – A Treatise of Solomon’s Marriage [Ps. 45:10-16]  1613

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49

Binnie, William – ‘The 49th Psalm’  6 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 269 ff.  Buy  1886

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50

Beisner, Calvin – ‘A Covenant Lawsuit: Psalm 50’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988


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51   (See also Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above)

Alexander, Thomas – The Penitent’s Prayer, a Practical Exposition of the 51st Psalm  1861  250 pp.

**  “Our friend the late Dr. Alexander of Chelsea handled this Psalm well.” – Spurgeon

Anonymous – Meditation of a Penitent Sinner, written in the manner of a paraphrase upon the 51st Psalm of David  d. 1564  In poetry

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Longings of a Broken Heart: Psalm 51’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Biddulph, Thomas – Lectures on the 51st Psalm… To which is added a Discourse on Personal Assurance of Salvation  1835

**  “Lectures far above the average of such lucubrations, making up a very fair exposition.” – Spurgeon

Candlish, Robert – The Prayer of a Broken Heart: Expository Discourses on Ps. 51  1873  84 pp.

Hieron, Samuel – David’s Penitential Psalm Opened in 30 Several Lectures Thereon  1617

** – “Hieron [1572-1617] was a conforming Puritan.  His works were once exceedingly popular and they are still esteemed.” – Spurgeon

Hildersham, Arthur – One Hundred and Fifty-Two Lectures upon Psalm 51  1635

*** “Hildersham was one of the most tried of the Nonconforming ministers, and at the same time one of the most able.  He is copious and discursive, we had almost said long-winded.  Both Willet and Preston speak of him in the highest terms.” – Spurgeon

Horton, Thomas – Choice and Practical Expositions on Four Select Psalms: 4, 42, 51, 63  Buy  1675

***“A marvelous homiletical exposition.  Horton’s discourses are very full of divisions, but then he always has plenty of solid matter to divide.  Ministers will find teeming suggestions here.” – Spurgeon

Luther, Martin – ‘Commentary on Ps. 51’ in Select Works of Luther, vol. 3  tr. Henry Cole, 1824 

**“Luther needs no trumpeter.” – Spurgeon

Morgan, James – The Penitent, an Exposition of the 51st Psalm  Buy  1855

*** “The excellent doctor first wrote this exposition for his own spiritual benefit, then preached it for the edification of his flock, and lastly published it for the good of us all.  this is a worthy pedigree for a book, and the book itself is worthy of the pedigree.” – Spurgeon

Murray, Andrew – Have Mercy Upon Me: the Prayer of the Penitent in the 51st Psalm explained and Applied  1895

Murray (1828–1917)

Page, Samuel – David’s Broken Heart, or, An Exposition upon the Whole Fifty-first Psalm  EEBO  d. 1603

Page was an Anglican.

***“Every page is like a bank note for value.  Here are homiletical materials in abundance.” – Spurgeon

Smith, Samuel – David’s Repentance, or, A Plain and Familiar Exposition of the 51st Psalm  GB  d. 1632

** – “It will be seen from the numerous editions that his work was well received in its author’s lifetime.  He tells us that he spent the spare hours of a long sickness in publishing this short exposition, and thus the world is all the healthier for his illness.” – Spurgeon

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Authenticity of Ps. 51

Stuart, Alexander Moody – The Fifty-First Psalm and the Encyclopedia Britannica  1876  20 pp.

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53

Hilary of Poitiers – Homilies on Psalm 53  in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, vol. 9, pp. 235-248

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62

Hooper, John – Certain Comfortable Expositions of Bishop Hooper written in the time of his Tribulation and Imprisonment, upon Psalms 23, 62, 73, and 77  d. 1555

Hooper was one of the English martyrs during the time of Bloody Mary.

* – “The cramped style and antiquated matter repel the reader.” – Spurgeon

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63

Baron, David – A Wilderness Song  1907  17 pp.

Horton, Thomas – Choice and Practical Expositions on Four Select Psalms: 4, 42, 51, 63  Buy  1675

***“A marvelous homiletical exposition.  Horton’s discourses are very full of divisions, but then he always has plenty of solid matter to divide.  Ministers will find teeming suggestions here.” – Spurgeon

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65

Baron, David – Zion’s God the Confidence of all the Ends of the Earth  1907  30 pp.

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67

Boys, John –Deus Misereatur [God be merciful], the 67th Psalm’   1629 in Works

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

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68

Dixon, Richard – A New Interpretation of the Sixty-Eighth Psalm: To which is added, an Exposition of the Hundred and Tenth Psalm: Proposed in a Sermon  1811

**  “This author, in a most interesting manner, traces out the analogy between this Psalm and the Song of Deborah.  Those who like choice pieces of writing upon the literature of Scripture will be gratified by the perusal of this exposition.” – Spurgeon

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72

Binnie, William – ‘The 72nd Psalm’  4 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 183 ff.  Buy  1886

Binnie was a minister and professor of the Free Church of Scotland.

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73

Beisner, Calvin – ‘No Other Reward: Psalm 73’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Hooper, John – Certain comfortable expositions of Bishop Hooper written in the time of his Tribulation and Imprisonment, upon Psalms 23, 62, 73, and 77  d. 1555

Hooper was one of the English martyrs during the time of Bloody Mary.

* – “The cramped style and antiquated matter repel the reader.” – Spurgeon

Lloyd-Jones, Martyn – Faith on Trial: Studies in Psalm 73  Buy  1965

Parry, Edward – David Restored; or an Antidote against the Prosperity of the Wicked and the Afflictions of the Just  ToC  1660

**“Not super-excellent, nor free from blemishes, but containing much of sterling value.” – Spurgeon

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“Asaph is a less-severely tried Job, and a better instructed, being an Israelite, while Job was only a Shemite–Terahite or Nahorite.”

John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan

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74

Beisner, Calvin – ‘God of the Covenant: Psalm 74’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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76

Binnie, William – ‘The 76th Psalm’  3 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 90 ff.  Buy  1886

Bruce, Robert – 2 Sermons on Ps. 76  1617  from his The Way to True Peace and Rest

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77

Hooper, John – Certain comfortable expositions of Bishop Hooper written in the time of his Tribulation and Imprisonment, upon Psalms 23, 62, 73, and 77  d. 1555

Hooper was one of the English martyrs during the time of Bloody Mary.

* – “The cramped style and antiquated matter repel the reader.” – Spurgeon

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80

Binnie, William – ‘The 80th Psalm’  4 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 87 ff.  Buy  1886

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82

Hall, Thomas – The Beauty of Magistracy, and Exposition of Psalm 82 in Swinnock, Works, vol. 4, pp. 147-300

**“This exposition has always nestled in the bosom of Swinnock’s works.  We agree with Dr. Jenkyn’s criticism: ‘The style is terse and clear, though grave and theological, and the matter is solid and judicious.” – Spurgeon

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84

Hemmingsen, Neils – The Faith of the Church Militant, Most effectually described in this exposition of the 84th Psalm  1581

Hemmingsen was a Lutheran.

* “A Danish divine of high repute in his own day.  Some of his works were turned into English; but the translations, like the originals, are now left in undeserved oblivion.” – Spurgeon

Miller, Andrew – Meditations on the Eighty-Fourth Psalm  n.d.  Miller wrote from London.

Pierson, Thomas – Excellent Encouragements Against Afflictions, containing David’s Heart’s Desire on Ps. 84  d. 1633

**“Pierson was not the richest or most overflowing of the old divines, but yet one who stood in the front rank.” – Spurgeon

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85

Pierson, Thomas – Excellent Encouragements Against Afflictions, containing the Church’s Exercise under Affliction on Ps. 85  d. 1633

**“Pierson was not the richest or most overflowing of the old divines, but yet one who stood in the front rank.” – Spurgeon

Duncan, John ‘Rabbi’ – ‘Expository Lecture on Ps. 85’  1866  9 pp.  in Rich Gleanings from Rabbi Duncan  Buy  pp. 271-280

Rabbi Duncan was an eminent minister and Hebrew professor in the Free Church of Scotland.

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Prayer for Forgiveness and Blessing: Psalm 85’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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87

Pierson, Thomas – Excellent Encouragements Against Afflictions, containing the Great Charter of the Church on Ps. 87  d. 1633

**“Pierson was not the richest or most overflowing of the old divines, but yet one who stood in the front rank.” – Spurgeon

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88

Beisner, Calvin – ‘A Psalm of Lament: Psalm 88’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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90

Beisner, Calvin – ‘To Number our Days: Psalm 90’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Smith, Samuel – Moses, his Prayer  1656

** See Spurgeon’s notes on his works on Ps. 1 & 51.

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91

Bridge, William – The Refuge: containing the righteous man’s habitation in the time of plague and pestilence, being a brief exposition of the 91st Psalm  d. 1671

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92

Cameron, Richard – Lecture on Ps. 92  Buy  †1680  6 pp., from Sermons in the Time of Persecution

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95

Boys, John – Venite Exultemus Domino [‘Oh Come Let us Exult the Lord’ on Ps. 95]    1629 in Works

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

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98

Boys, John – Psalms in the Evening Office: Ps. 98    1629 in Works

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

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99

Edersheim, Alfred – ‘The Church’s Doxology’  1873  8 pp. in The Golden Diary of Heart Converse with Jesus in the Book of Psalms, p. 345 ff. 

**  “Sweet, spiritual; worth purchasing.” – Spurgeon

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100

Boys, John – ‘Jubilate Deo, Ps. 100’    1629 in Works

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon


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101

Beisner, Calvin – ‘A King Under the Covenant: Psalm 101’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Edersheim, Alfred – ‘Holy Resolutions’  1873  6 pp. in The Golden Diary of Heart Converse with Jesus in the Book of Psalms, p. 353 ff. 

**  “Sweet, spiritual; worth purchasing.” – Spurgeon

Horne, Robert – The Christian governor in the commonwealth, and private families described by David, in his 101st Psalm, Guiding all men in a right course to heaven  1614

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102

See the Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above

Edersheim, Alfred – ‘Comfort to the Mourner’  1873  8 pp. in The Golden Diary of Heart Converse with Jesus in the Book of Psalms, p. 359 ff. 

**  “Sweet, spiritual; worth purchasing.” – Spurgeon

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103

Beisner, Calvin – ‘A Psalm of Praise for God’s Mercies: Psalm 103’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Stevenson, John – Gratitude: An Exposition of the 103rd Psalm  1854

**“Somewhat diffuse, but at the same time too good to be criticized.” – Spurgeon

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104

Beisner, Calvin – ‘God of Creation: Psalm 104’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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105

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Rejoice!  God Rules Over History: Psalm 105’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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107

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Give Thanks to the Lord: Psalm 107’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

Hyperius, Andreas – A Special Treatise of God’s Providence and of Comforts against all kind of crosses and calamities to be drawn from the same. With an exposition of the 107th Psalm  ToC  1588  d. 1564

PRDL lists Hyperius as Reformed.

** – “This author has written in Latin upon many subjects, but his works are now little known.  He was a learned Lutheran.” – Spurgeon

Romaine, William – A Practical Comment on the 107th Psalm  1760  277 pp.

**“Romaine’s doctrine and style of writing are well known.  He could not be accused of overlaying the truth with much learning.  the thought is gracious, sound, and practical, but the style is just a little dull.” – Spurgeon

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109

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Curses on Covenant Breakers: Psalm 109’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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110

Binnie, William – ‘The 110th Psalm’  12 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 161 ff.  Buy  1886

Dixon, Richard – A New Interpretation of the Sixty-Eighth Psalm: To which is added, an Exposition of the Hundred and Tenth Psalm: Proposed in a Sermon  1811

**  “This author, in a most interesting manner, traces out the analogy between this Psalm and the Song of Deborah.  Those who like choice pieces of writing upon the literature of Scripture will be gratified by the perusal of this exposition.” – Spurgeon

Harpur, George – Christ in the Psalms, an Exposition of the 2nd, 45th, and 110th Psalms, in a Series of Discourses  1862

**  “Discourses of a high order as to ability, but the historico-prophetic interpretations here given do not commend themselves to us.” – Spurgeon

Reynolds, Edward – Explication of the 110th Psalm  1632

***“Surpassingly clear and elaborate.  Reynolds was a man of vast learning and thoroughly evangelical in spirit.” – Spurgeon

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113

Baron, David – The Commencement of the Hallel  1907  30 pp.

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116

Gouge, William – The Saint’s Sacrifice, or, a commentary on the 116th Psalm, which is a gratulatory psalm for deliverance from deadly distress  IA  1632

** “Gouge’s method of cutting up his exposition into sections and discussing everything in proportions, is very tedious to the reader, but we judge it to be advantageous to the preacher.  At any rate Gouge has often given us a hint.  He was a man of great learning.” – Spurgeon

Sclater, William – Sermons Experimental: on Psalms 116 & 117.  Very Useful for a Wounded Spirit  ToC  1638

Sclater (1575-1626) was a reformed puritan.

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117

Sclater, William – Sermons Experimental: on Psalms 116 & 117.  Very Useful for a Wounded Spirit  ToC  1638

Sclater (1575-1626) was a reformed puritan.

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118

Binnie, William – ‘The 118th Psalm’  3 pp. in The Psalms, Their History, Teachings and Use, p. 108 ff.  Buy  1886

Boys, John – Psalm 118   1629 in Works

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.  

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon

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119

Bridges, Charles – Exposition of Ps. 119  8th ed. 1832

***“Worth its weight in gold.  Albeit that the work is neither learned nor very original, we prize it for its surpassing grace and unction.” – Spurgeon

Calvin, John – Sermons on Psalm 119  d. 1564  22 sermons, a sermon on each section

Cowper, William – A Holy Alphabet for Sion’s Scholars. A Commentary upon the 119th Psalm  1613

Cowper (1566-1619) was the Anglican bishop of Galloway.

**“Dr. M’Crie gives a high character to all Cowper’s works, and says that a vein of practical piety runs through them, while the style is remarkable for ease and fluency.  This remark applies emphatically to the ‘Holy Alphabet’.  We have found it very delightful reading.” – Spurgeon

Greenham, Richard – An Exposition of the 119th Psalm  1612  d. 1591

** – “We regret that this comment is not published separately, and is only to be procured by purchasing the rest of Greenham’s works.  The style, however, is antique and cramped, and Manton and Bridges are quite enough.” – Spurgeon

Manton, Thomas – 190 sermons on the 119th Psalm, vols. 1 (vv. 1-59), 2 (60-123), 3 (124-End)  d. 1677

*** “Fully up to Manton’s highest mark, and he is well known to have been one of the chief of the Puritan brotherhood.  The work is long, but that results only from the abundance of the matter.” – Spurgeon

Sanderson, R.B. – Lord’s Day Literature: or, Illustrations of the Book of Psalms from the 119th Psalm Consecutively  1842

*  “We cannot call this an exposition, its title far more accurately describes it.  The author takes occasion from the text to plead for those points of doctrine and practice into which he had been led by the Spirit of God.  He was an eminently conscientious man, a bold believer, and a Baptist.” – Spurgeon

Spurgeon, Charles – The Golden Alphabet: a Devotional Commentary on Ps. 119  PDF  1887  301 pp.

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120-134  The Psalms of Degrees

Armfield, H.T. – The Gradual Psalms: a Treatise on the Fifteen Songs of Degrees, with Commentary, based on Ancient Hebrew, Chaldee, and Christian Authorities  1874

**  “A wonderfully interesting book from a literary point of view; perhaps more singular than profitable; but in many respects a publication which we should have been sorry to have missed.  The homiletical student will not be able to make much use of it.” – Spurgeon

Cox, Samuel – The Pilgrim psalms, an Exposition of the Psalms of Degrees  1874

***“This will be greatly valued by intelligent readers.  A noble series of sermons would be pretty sure to grow out of its attentive perusal.  Mr. S. Cox is a great expositor.” – Spurgeon

Luther, Martin – A Commentary on the Psalms called the ‘Psalms of Degrees’  d. 1546

**“Luther needs no trumpeter.” – Spurgeon

M’Michael, N. – The Pilgrim Psalms: an Exposition of the Psalms of Degrees  1860

*** – “A capital work, full of sound doctrine perfumed with devotion.”

Nisbet, Robert – The Songs of the Temple Pilgrims. An Exposition Devotional and Practical of the Psalms of Degrees   1863

**  “Dr. Nisbet regards the ‘Song of Degrees as affording so complete an exhibition of the phases of religious sentiment, as to make these short poems a transcript of the feelings of the whole Church; a miniature Bible for the use of all.’  He has expounded in this spirit, with well chosen language, and produced a very valuable and instructive book.” – Spurgeon

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122

Willet, Andrew – A Brief Exposition of Psalm 122  1603

* – “Willet ought to have known better than to twist a psalm to the honor and glory of James I.  As a learned man he says good things, and as a courtier foolish things.” – Spurgeon

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129

Baron, David – Songs of Ascents  1907  16 pp.

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130   (See also Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above)

Baron, David – Songs of Ascents  1907  16 pp.

Hilary of Poitiers – Homilies on Psalm 130  in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, vol. 9, pp. 247-8

Hutcheson, George – 45 Sermons upon the 130th Psalm  ToC

***“We have already advised the purchase of anything and everything by Hutcheson.  Be sure not to confound this with [Anne] Hutchinson [the New England antinomian heretic].” – Spurgeon

Leighton, Robert – Meditations Practical and Critical on Ps 130   Buy  †1684  in Works, vol. 2

***“Everything that fell from his pen is worth its weight in diamonds.” – Spurgeon

Owen, John – Practical Exposition on Ps. 130  1669  566 pages  

***“One of the best known and most esteemed of John Owen’s works.  It is unnecessary to say that he is the prince of divines.  to master his works is to be a profound theologian.  Owen is said to be prolix, but it would be truer to say that he is condensed.  His style is heavy because he gives notes of what he might have said, and passes on without fully developing the great thoughts of his capacious mind.  He requires hard study, and none of us ought to grudge it.” – Spurgeon

Rollock, Robert – 2 Sermons on Ps. 130  23 pp., from his Select Works  Buy, vol. 1, pp. 457-481  †1599

Sibbes, Richard – The Saint’s Comforts: an Exposition upon Ps. 130 in Works, vol. 6  1638

** – “Notes on five verses only.  Published without the author’s sanction, it is incomplete, but very full as far as it goes, and considering its brevity.” – Spurgeon

Winslow, Octavius – Soul-Depths and Soul-Heights; an Exposition of Ps. 130  Buy  1874

** “Not very deep nor very high, but pleasant spiritual reading.” – Spurgeon

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131

Manton, Thomas – 5 Sermons upon Ps. 131  56 pp. in Works, vol. 21, p. 406 ff.

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139

Young, E.J. – “The Background of Psalm 139,” Bulletin of the Evangelical Theological Society 8.3 (Summer 1965): 101-110

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143

See the Expositions of the Penitential Psalms Above

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145

Beisner, Calvin – ‘Thy Kingdom Come: Psalm 145’  in Psalms of Promise: Celebrating the Majesty and Faithfulness of God  Buy  1988

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148

Vines, Richard – The Saint’s Nearness to God, being a discourse upon part of the 148th Psalm  ToC

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150

Boys, John – An Exposition of the Last Psalm delivered in a Sermon  1613

Boys (1571-1625) was a reformed Anglican, who was the Dean of Canterbury.

*** – “One of the richest of writers.  From his golden pen flows condensed wisdom.  Many of his sentences are worthy to be quoted as gems of the Christian classics.” – Spurgeon


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Commentaries on the Use of Each Psalm in History

Ker, John – The Psalms in History and Biography  Buy  1886  246 pp.

This book is arranged in the order of the 150 psalms, giving anecdotes on how each psalm has been used in history.  As some psalms are briefly mentioned under the notes of other psalms, see the Index at the beginning of the book for an exhaustive reference to your psalm of interest.

Marson, Charles – The Psalms at Work, being the English Church Psalter, with a few short notes on the use of the psalms, gathered together  1895  254

Under each psalm (in the order of the psalter) are the notes of how it has been used in history. 

Prothero, Rowland – ‘Index to the Use of Particular Psalms’ being Appendix B ofThe Psalms in Human Life  Buy  1904.  The index lists the page numbers to the book where the specific psalm is discussed.

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Related Pages

Commentaries on the Whole Book of Psalms

Old Testament Commentaries

Whole Bible Commentaries