Commentaries on 2 Kings

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1 Kings  ⇐ ⇒  1 Chronicles


For more great commentaries on 2 Kings, be sure to check:
Commentaries on the Whole Old Testament
& Whole Bible Commentaries



Order of Contents  15+

The Best Commentaries  5
Commentaries  7
The Early Church  1
Harmonies of the Kings  2
Christ in 2 Kings  1
Special Subjects:

The Temple  4
Elijah  7+

Elisha  8+
Naaman  3
Josiah  1



The Best Commentaries on 2 Kings

Practical and Devotional

De Graaf, S.G. – ‘Judah with Ephraim’, ‘Ephraim Against Judah Again’ & ‘Judah’  1977  115 pp. in Promise and Deliverance, vol. 2: The Failure of Israel’s Theocracy, pp. 283-398

De Graff is a Dutch Reformed author who focuses on the unfolding of the Covenant through history.  He writes in an easy to read, but insightful style.



The Reformation

Cooper, Derek & Martin Lohrmann – Reformation Commentary on Scripture: 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles  Buy



Bahr, Karl – 2 Kings  1872  590 pp.  This is the same work that is in Lange’s Commentary

*** – ‘It must have cost great effort to make the homiletical part of this volume as good as it is.  It is a treasury to the preacher, and is all the more precious because we have next to nothing upon the books of the Kings.’

Kitto, John – Solomon and the Kings from Daily Bible Illustrations: being Original Readings for a Year, on subjects relating to Sacred History, Biography, Geography, Antiquities and Theology, vol. 4

***  – ‘Full of deeply interesting matter.’  ‘They are not exactly a commentary, but what marvelous expositions you have there!  You have reading more interesting than any novel that was ever written, and as instructive as the heaviest theology.  The matter is quite attractive and fascinating, and yet so weighty, that the man who shall study those eight volumes thoroughly, will not fail to read his Bible intelligently and with growing interest.’ – Spurgeon



Keil and Delitzsch – 2 Kings  

** ‘Distinguished by careful investigation of the meaning of the text.  This is a most important help to the expositor.  The student will not, however, find much in the way of reflections and doctrines.’ – Spurgeon



Commentaries on 2 Kings

Introductory & Practical

Whitcomb, John C. – Solomon to the Exile: Studies in Kings & Chronicles  Buy  1971

‘An ideal book for discussion groups.  Recreates the OT setting, graphically depicts the cause of decline in Israel and Judah, and draws valid lessons from these incidents which are applied to the needs of the present.’ – Cyril J. Barber




Allen, John – A Spiritual Exposition of the Old Testament: from Joshua to the end of the Psalms  1816

‘Spiritual reflections after the high Calvinistic school.  Some preachers cannot see Christ where He is, but Allen finds Him where He is not.  There is in these reflections much godly savor, but very little exposition.’ – Spurgeon  

This Allen was not the one that translated Calvin’s Institutes.  James Darling said that Allen was an Antinomian (one who believes that Christians are not bound by moral injunctions).  Antinomians, not believing that moral injunctions should be derived from God’s Word, often replaced this large aspect of Scripture’s teaching with finding Christ everywhere in the Bible, especially the Old Testament. 

Bush, George – Scripture Questions Designed Principally for Adult Bible Classes: Deut.-Esther

Bush was a Biblical scholar, a professor of oriental literature in New York City University, and initially a presbyterian minister.

Farrar, F.W. – The Second Book of Kings  in The Expositor’s Bible  1894  520 pp.  Reprinted by Klock & Klock

Farrar was a liberal.

‘Valuable expository studies by a great preacher, a profound scholar, and a man of unparalleled literary activity, who exercised considerable influence as a theologian and lecturer.  Manifests a marked [liberal] tendency [not recommended] to accept the text of the LXX [Septuagint, the Greek translation of the O.T.] over the MT [Masoretic Text, the Hebrew].’ – Cyril J. Barber

Rawlinson, George – The Kings of Israel and Judah  1889  260 pp.  Reprinted by Klock & Klock

Rawlinson was a Bible-believing conservative.

‘Still valuable for its correlation of sacred and profane history.’ –  – Cyril J. Barber



Davis, John – The Birth of a Kingdom: Studies in 1 & 2 Samuel and 1 & 2 Kings  Buy  1970

‘Illuminates the historical record of the Books of Samuel and Kings, draws information from the comparative literature of the Ancient Near East on social and political conditions prevailing at the time, and highlights the Biblical text with material from archaeological investigations.  A valuable book.’ – Cyril J. Barber



Burney, Charles Fox – Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Books of Kings, with an Introduction and Appendix  1902  440 pp.



The Early Church on 2 Kings


ed. Conti, Marco – Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture: 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther  Buy



Harmonies of the Kings

Geneste, Maximillian – The Parallel Histories of Judah and Israel, with copious explanatory notes, vol. 1, 2  1843   A commentary is given on the relevant scripture texts, which are arranged in a harmony.  Relevant sections from the books of the prophets are included also.

**  “The explanatory notes are mostly from other authors.  The work has a very noble appearance, and may be useful as showing the run of Biblical history; but Barth’s Bible Manual [under Whole Bible Commentaries] would answer every purpose.” – Spurgeon

Crockett, William Day – The Books of the Kings of Judah and Israel: A Harmony of the Books of Samuel, Kings and Chronicles  1897  350 pp.

‘An attempt to reconcile and correlate the history of the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles into chronological sequence.’ – Cyril J. Barber



Christ in 2 Kings

Browne, Robert – Christ in the Prophets: Kings  1873

*  “Of the High Church order, and praised by the Saturday Review.  What worse need be said?  Yet will we add that the savor of Christ in these books saves them from unqualified condemnation.” – Spurgeon



The Temple

The Best

Edersheim, Alfred – The Temple: its Ministry and its Services, as they were at the time of Jesus Christ  1881

This work is scholarly, but readable, about the historical details of the temple as it was renovated by Herod in the 1st century, which was slightly different than as prescribed in the books of Chronicles.  For more spiritual exposition, see one of the puritans below.

Edersheim was raised an orthodox Jew, but was converted under John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan in the Free Church of Scotland.  Later he became a 1st century scholar in the Church of England.  

***‘This will supply the student with all that he needs upon the subject in hand.’ – Spurgeon


Bunyan, John – Solomon’s Temple Spiritualized, or Gospel Light Fetched out of the Temple at Jerusalem, to let us more easily into the Glory of New Testament Truths  †1688  140 pp.

** ‘A marvelous display of allegorizing genius: full of Gospel truth.  Bunyan hammers away at each type, but no one may call it tinkering.’ – Spurgeon

Lee, Samuel – Orbis Miraculum, or, The Temple of Solomon portrayed by Scripture-light wherein all its famous buildings, the pompous worship of the Jews, with its attending rites and ceremonies, the several officers employed in that work, with their ample revenues, and the spiritual mysteries of the Gospel veiled under all, are treated at large  ToC  1659

Lee (1625–1691) was an English puritan academic and minister.

** ‘Of course, as will be inferred from its date, this work is of the antique order, but it is profoundly learned, and goes into architectural and ritualistic details, explaining them spiritually with much sweetness and suggestiveness.’ – Spurgeon


Pierce, Samuel – A General Account of the Book of Psalms, with their use and place in the Worship of God under the OT Dispensation, also a brief description of the Temple, in its Furniture, etc. and a spiritual and typical exhibition of Christ in those Sacred Memorials of his Person and Salvation  1805  71 pp.

Pierce (1746-1829) was an English Reformed Baptist.



Elijah  1 Kings 17-19, 21; 2 Kings 1-2

The Best

Krummacher, F.W. – Elijah the Tishbite  460 pp.

***‘Too well known and approved to need any commendation from us.’ – Spurgeon

MacDuff, John – The Prophet of Fire  1863  390 pp.

***‘Dr. Macduff writes popularly, yet he is by no means weak or shallow.  He is to the young minister all the more useful, because he has worked out the problem of making sound thought intelligible to the multitude.’ – Spurgeon

Pink, A.W. – The Life of Elijah  Buy  1940-42  Note that the online edition is only 90 pp. in 18 chs.  The Banner of Truth paperback edition (1956-76) is 313 pp. in 35 chs.

“An in-depth study.  Revealing and challenging.” – Cyril J. Barber


Fuller, Andrew – ‘The Appearance to Elijah’ 2 pp. on 1 Kings 19:1-21  in Works, vol. 1, p. 617 ff.ff.

Howat, H.T. – Elijah, the Desert Prophet  1868

**  “Very pircturesque and poetical.  A work to be read for enjoyment.” – Spurgeon

Myer, F.B. – Elijah and the Secret of his Power  228 pp.

Meyer (1847–1929) was an English, baptist pastor who wrote numerous, very good devotional works.

Taylor, William – Elijah the Prophet  1889  239 pp.

Taylor (1829–1895) was a Scottish Presbyterian who later ministered in America at Broadway Tabernacle Congregationalist Church in New York.

Whyte, Alexander – Elijah  in Bible Characters, vol. 1  d. 1921


A Drama

Bayne, Peter – The Days of Jezebel; an Historical Drama  1872

**  “A fine poetic drama, worthy of quotation by preachers; but hardly in the line of works contemplated by this Catalogue.” – Spurgeon



Elisha  2 Kings 2-9, 13

The Best

Edersheim, Alfred – Elisha the Prophet, the Lessons of his History and Times  1873

Edersheim was raised an orthodox Jew, but was converted under John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan in the Free Church of Scotland.  Later he became a 1st century scholar in the Church of England.

**‘This author is always interesting, showing close acquaintance with Jewish customs, and knowing how to utilize his information.’ – Spurgeon

Krummacher, F.W.

Elisha  1838

*** – ‘Of this we may say as we did of the same author’s Elijah – it needs no commending from us.’  ‘[Henry Blunt] says that, had he known of Krummacher’s having written upon the subject, he should not have attempted it himself.  A wise observation.  What shall he do that cometh after a King, or after Krummacher?’ – Spurgeon

The Last Days of Elisha  Buy  1854  147 pp. in 10 chs.

This is different than the work above.

Pink, A.W. – Gleanings from Elisha  1974  254 pp.

Stewart, Alexander – A Prophet of Grace: an Expository & Devotional Study of the Life of Elisha  Buy  n.d.  268 pp.

Stewart was of the Free Church of Scotland.



Blunt, Henry – Lectures upon the History of Elisha  1839  300 pp.

**  “We like Blunt better upon Elisha than upon any other portion of Scripture.  He says that, had he known of Krummacher’s having written upon the subject, he should not have attempted it himself.  A wise observation.  What shall he do that cometh after a King, or after a Krummacher?” – Spurgeon

Dothie, W.P. – The History of the Prophet Elisha  1872

**  “Sketchy.  Not very deep, but interesting.” – Spurgeon

Glyn, George – Life of Elisha, in 11 Plain, Practical Discourses  1857

**  “Evangelical and simple.  Ministers do not need it.” – Spurgeon

Whyte, Alexander – Elisha  in Bible Characters, vol. 1  d. 1921



Naaman  2 Kings 5


Rogers, Daniel – Naaman the Syrian, his disease and cure discovering lively to the reader the spiritual leprosy of sin and self-love, together with the remedies, viz. self-denial and faith  ToC  1642

Rogers (1573-1652) was a reformed puritan.

*** – ‘A huge volume of 898 folio pages, almost large enough to have loaded one of Naaman’s mules.  It is a work which exhausts the subject and turns it to earnest evangelical uses.’ – Spurgeon



Bullock, Charles – The Syrian Leper: a Chapter of Bible History Expounded  1861

**  “Telling in style, and earnestly evangelical.  These chapters are good specimens of popular expounding.” – Spurgeon

MacDuff, John – The Healing Waters; or, The Story of Naaman, an Old Testament Chapter on Providence and Grace  1873

***‘In Dr. MacDuff’s best manner: the story of Naaman is admirably handled, and made to teach the gospel with much freshness.’

Whyte, Alexander – Naaman  in Bible Characters, vol. 1  d. 1921



Josiah  2 Kings 22-23

Whyte, Alexander – Josiah  in Bible Characters, vol. 1  d. 1921




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