Social Covenanting

“So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem.”

Josh. 24:25

“And Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord and the king and the people, that they should be the Lord‘s people; between the king also and the people.”

2 Kings 11:17

“They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces thitherward, saying, Come, and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten.”

Jer. 50:5




The preamble to the Solemn League and Covenant (1643), a godly example of social covenanting made between the Long Parliament of England and Scotland, in order to  

“endeavor, in our several places and callings, the preservation of the reformed religion… in doctrine, worship, discipline, and government… according to the Word of GOD, and the example of the best reformed Churches; and shall endeavour to bring the Churches of GOD in the three kingdoms to the nearest conjunction and uniformity in religion, Confession of Faith, Form of Church Government, Directory for Worship and Catechising; that… the Lord may delight to dwell in the midst of us.”




The Westminster Divines on Social Covenanting



Is the Solemn League and Covenant (1643) Binding Today?

Boston, Thomas – The Evil, Nature and Danger of Schism, a Sermon, 1 Cor.1:10, 1708, 54 paragraphs

In the second half of this sermon Boston argues against those who remained separate from the Church of Scotland in his own day upon pretence of the Solemn League and Covenant and other impurities in the Church of Scotland post-1689.  Scroll about half way down the page to where Boston more particularly addresses the issue of the Solemn League and Covenant under Doctrine II.  Searching for “covenant” (by pressing control-f) may help.

Fentiman, Travis – A Brief Summary of the Majority Opinion in the Free Church of Scotland on Covenanting, summarized in 13 concise points, 20 paragraphs

Here is the Biblically principled, majority historic view on the subject, with special reference to Scotland and her churches

Fentiman, Travis – A Defense of the Majority Opinion in the Free Church of Scotland on Covenanting, 36 points, 135 paragraphs, with a select annotated bibliography

This is an extensive articulation and defense of the majority historic view on the Solemn League and Covenant, argued from scripture, history and the reformation in Scotland.

Anonymous – Succinct Rebuttal to the Neo-­Steelite Thesisno date, two pages, compiled from material from Matthew Winzer and Kevin Barrow

Note: Matthew Winzer, from whom these notes were collated from, disagrees with footnote #1, which casts doubt on the legality of the Solemn League and Covenant for England.  The view of the anonymous author is that of the Royal Absolutists of the 1600’s and their modern historians today who thought the validity of treaties was necessarily dependent on the ratification of the King.  Such was not the view of the largely puritan, English Long Parliament.



Against Separation from Impure Churches and Civil Governments

Against Separation



“And all Judah rejoiced at the oath: for they had sworn with all their heart, and sought him with their whole desire; and he was found of them: and theLord gave them rest round about.”

2 Chron. 15:15

Related Pages

The Westminster Divines on Social Covenanting

Against Separatism

Unity of the Church