Order of Contents 36+
The Best Commentaries 8
Jewish Background to 1
Early Church 7
Medieval Church 1
On Matthew Generally 3
Chapters in Matthew
Joseph & Mary 1
The Best Commentaries on Matthew
Simple, Practical & Devotional
Glover, Richard – A Teacher’s Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew Buy 1889
See the review by Rev. Nick Batzig of this work, with an excerpt from it.
“A reprint of an old (1889) conservative treatment. Devotional and practical. Contains some good expository ideas for preachers…” – Cyril J. Barber
Robertson, A.T. – Commentary on Matthew 1911 in The Bible for Home and School
Robertson was a reformed, Southern baptist.
“An exposition by an able exegete.” – Cyril J. Barber
Dickson (c.1583–1663) was a Scottish covenanter. This has been reprinted by Banner of Truth in their Geneva Commentary Series.
*** – ‘A perfect gem. The work is, to men of our school, more suggestive of sermons than almost any other we have met with.’ – Spurgeon
Alexander, J.A. – The Gospel According to St. Matthew on chs. 1-16, outlines are given of the remaining chapters
Alexander (1809-60) was a presbyterian, a justly renowned old Princeton scholar, a linguist, an eloquent preacher and a first-rate exegete.
*** “Dr. Alexander’s last work. He died before it was quite finished. It is complete to chapter 14. Its value is great.”
Broadus, John – Commentary on Matthew
Broadus (1827–1895) was an American, Southern, Baptist. This is one of the best commentaries on Matthew. He was an Amyrauldian.
“A singularly helpful exposition based upon careful exegesis and containing practical applications of the text which will be of help to preachers. Amillennial.” – Cyril J. Barber
Morison, James – A Practical Commentary on the Gospel According to St. Matthew 1870 700 pp.
Morrison was initially a Scottish, United Secession minister, though gradually became more unorthodox with his years. The label ‘Morisonianism’ became applied to his thought and followers. His exegetical works, though, on Matthew and Mark are valuable.
*** – “We differ greatly in doctrinal views from Dr. Morison, but we set a great price upon his Matthew and Mark, which deserve the utmost praise.” – Spurgeon
“A practical and devotional phrase-by-phrase commentary. In many instances, provides helpful comments on textual problems. Although the interpretation of Greek nuances is not always accurate this work should be purchased if found.” – Cyril J. Barber
Thomas, David – The Genius of the Gospel, a Homiletical Commentary on the Gospel of St. Matthew 1873 580 pp.
Thomas was a minister in London and editor of ‘The Homilist’.
*** “We hardly know a more suggestive book.” – Spurgeon
“A homiletical and practical exposition which overlooks many difficulties in interpretation.” – Cyril J. Barber
Matthew Buy 1950 556 pp. in Bible Student’s Commentary
Ridderbos (1909-2007) was a reformed Dutch theologian and Biblical scholar.
This commentary series ‘represents the best in conservative, continental Reformed scholarship. Professor Ridderbos’s commentary on Matthew is considered one of the finest in this series.’ – The book-flap
Matthew’s Witness to Jesus Christ: the King and the Kingdom Buy 1958 94 pp.
“A leading Reformed theologian from The Netherlands provides a brief survey of Matthew’s gospel.” – Cyril J. Barber
Commentaries on Matthew
Tyndale, William – Marginal Notes on the First 21 Chapters of St. Matthew’s Gospel d. 1536 10 pp. The notes are sparse and not always important
Marlorat, Augustine – A Catholic and Ecclesiastical Exposition of the Holy Gospel after St. Mathew, gathered out of all the singular and approved divines (which the Lord has given to his Church) ToC 1570
Marlorat (1506-1562) was reformed. His commentaries are particularly valuable as they are compendiums of block quotes from some of the best reformed divines of his day on the passages of that particular Biblical book. See here for an excerpt from his commentary on John.
** – “Marlorate was an eminent French reformer, preacher and martyr. His commentaries contain the cream of the older writers, and are in much esteem, but are very rare. He wrote on the whole New Testament, but we have in English only the Gospels [2-3 John] and Jude [and Revelation 1 & 13].” – Spurgeon
Ward, Richard – Theological questions, dogmatic observations, and evangelical essays upon the Gospel St. Matthew, wherein about two thousand six hundred and fifty necessary and profitable questions are discussed; and five hundred and eighty special points of doctrine noted; and five hundred and fifty errors confuted, or objections answered: together with diverse arguments, whereby divers truths, and true tenets are confirmed ToC 1640
Ward (1601-1684) was educated at Cambridge, England and St. Andrews, Scotland, and was a reformed minister in London.
** “A huge mass of comment, in which are thousands of good things mostly set forth by way of question and answer. Few could ever read it through; but to a wise minister it would be a mine of wealth.” – Spurgeon
Simple & Practical
** “Intended for workers, and likely to be useful to them.” – Spurgeon
Clarke, George W. – Notes on the Gospel of Matthew, Explanatory and Practical 1870
** “Good notes for teachers. Well compiled. A fit companion to… [his harmony on the Gospels].” – Spurgeon
Spurgeon, Charles – The Gospel of the Kingdom: a Popular Exposition of the Gospel According to Matthew 1893 530 pp.
Spurgeon (1834–1892) was an influential Calvinist, baptist minister.
“…this devotional exposition contains fervent and practical admonitions based upon the text.” – Cyril J. Barber
Erdman, Charles – The Gospel of Matthew: an Exposition 1920 225 pp.
Erdman was a conservative liberal at Old Princeton Seminary in the early-1900’s, being the leading antagonist to J. Gresham Machen, the leading founder of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church.
“A brief, conservative exposition which adequately explains the thematic development of the Gospel.” – Cyril J. Barber
Morgan, G. Campbell – The Gospel According to Matthew 1929 321 pp. 73 Sermons, given as originally preached
Morgan (1863–1945) was a reformed congregationalist minister and is often considered to be one of the 20th century’s best preachers. He was the predecessor to D. Martyn Lloyd Jones at Westminster Chapel in London. His commentaries are usually a series of his exegetical sermons.
“An able expository treatment with numerous practical observations. Particularly helpful on the Sermon on the Mount. Includes some novel ideas on the parables of chapter 25.” – Cyril J. Barber
Thomas, William H. – Outline Studies in the Gospel of Matthew: a Devotional Commentary Buy 1961
“This work contains nearly 500 pages of homiletical and expository outlines.” – Cyril J. Barber
Criswell, Wallie – Expository Notes on the Gospel of Matthew Buy 1970
“Helpful devotional messages on Christ’s earthly life and ministry.” – Cyril J. Barber
Beausobre, Isaac & L’Enfant, Jaques – A New Version of the Gospel According to St. Matthew with a Literal Commentary 1790
** “The brief notes are purely literal or illustrative, and are remarkably pertinent. The mass of the volume is taken up with an introduction to the New Testament.” – Spurgeon
Godwin, John H. – The Gospel According to Saint Matthew, A New Translation with Brief Notes 1863
** “Dr. Godwin is a painstaking elucidator of the Word, and his pain is an excellent one. Students in college will value him.” – Spurgeon
Parker, Joseph – A Homiletic Analysis of the Gospel by Matthew 1870
** “Dr. Parker is an able though somewhat—-. But stop, he is a near neighbor of ours.” – Spurgeon
Schaff, Philip & Matthew Riddle – The Gospel of Matthew in A Popular Commentary on the New Testament 1879
The commentary is good enough, but could be better: it lacks spiritual profundity and fervor. Schaff (1819–1893), the famed Church historian and N.T. scholar, came from a German-Reformed background, though was also the lead proponent of the High-Church Mercersburg Theology. Riddle (1836–1916) was of a Dutch Reformed background and had a similar professorial and literary career.
Watson, Richard – Exposition of Matthew and Mark 1833
Watson (1781–1833) was a British Methodist theologian, whose work, ‘Theological Institutes’ (1823) was “the first attempt to systematize John Wesley’s theology and, by extension, Methodist doctrine.” (Wikipedia)
** “Arminian views crop up at every opportunity. The notes are meant to elucidate difficulties in the text, and frequently do so.” – Spurgeon
Anderson, Edward – The Gospel According to St. Matthew, with Introduction and Notes 1909 in Hand-Books for Bible Classes, ed. Dods & Whyte
Hendriksen, William – Exposition of the Gospel According to Matthew Buy
Hendriksen was reformed.
“A very capable geographical (rather than thematic) study. Highlights the discourses of Christ… and follows an amillennial interpretation of chapters 24-25. The work is enhanced by the author’s use of exegesis in his exposition, making this a most valuable contribution for preachers.” – Cyril J. Barber
Lenski, R.C. – Interpretation of St. Mark’s Gospel Buy 1932
“A thorough, strongly conservative Lutheran exposition. Amillennial.” – Cyril J. Barber
Tasker, Randolph V.G. – The Gospel According to St. Matthew Buy in the Tyndale New Testament Commentaries 1st ed. 1961
“Provides some interesting historical details which illumine the text, but shows what happens when a conservative scholar is unduly influenced by higher critical theories.” – Cyril J. Barber
Bland, Miles – Annotations on the Gospel of St. Matthew, Designed for Use of Students at the University and Candidates for Holy Orders (Cambridge, 1828)
Bland (1786-1867) was an English cleric and mathematician.
“A compilation from the best old authors.” – Howard Malcom
Carr, Arthur – The Gospel According to St. Matthew, with Maps, Notes & Introduction in Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges The commentary starts on p. 79
“Still of value for its theological and grammatical annotations.” – Cyril J. Barber
Plummer, Alfred – An Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel According to St. Matthew 1910 510 pp. Reprinted by Baker in the Thornapple Commentary series
Plummer (1841–1926) was a Church of England clergyman, biblical, Oxford scholar and a liberal.
“A most helpful technical and critical commentary. Plummer denies Matthew’s authorship and believes that there are inaccuracies in Scripture; yet he defends the virgin birth and the reality of miracles. In spite of the weaknesses inherent in this volume, it is one of the best expository treatments of this Gospel.” – Cyril J. Barber
Jewish Background to Matthew
Lightfoot, John – A Commentary on Matthew from the Talmud and Hebraica mid-1600’s
Lightfoot was a reformed divine and Hebraicist who was invited to the Westminster Assembly. He mined the Jewish writings for anything and everything that may be of help in understanding the New Testament. Here are his results.
This is the only work of its kind in English; the scholarly, more complete work (vol. 1, Mt; vol. 2, Mk-Jn) that has improved, in some ways, upon Lightfoot, done in the early 1900’s by H. Strack and P. Billerbeck, has still not been translated out of the German.
If one is interested in seeing the results of the use of the Jewish writings in relation to the gospel accounts, see Edersheim’s Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, who thoroughly makes use of them from his encyclopedic knowledge of the Jewish writings from his orthodox Jewish upbringing his life’s work as a scholar.
The Early Church on Matthew
ed. Somonetti, Manlio – Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture: Matthew, vols. 1 (1-13), 2 (14-28) Buy
Origin – Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew 100 pp. in Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 9, pp. 411-512
** ‘Enough of solid truth and brilliant utterance will be found here to justify this father’s title of ‘Golden Mouth’; but still all is not gold which fell from his lips, and to modern readers Chrysostom is not so instructive as he was to his own age [A.D. 349-407].’ – Spurgeon
Our Lord’s Sermon on the Mount 134 pp. in Works, ed. Dods, vol. 8
44 Sermons on Matthew in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, First Series, vol. 6, pp. 245-405
Jerome – Commentary on Matthew Buy
Hilary of Poitiers – Commentary on Matthew Buy
Anonymous – Incomplete Commentary on Matthew Buy
The Medieval Church
Aquinas, Thomas – Commentary on St. Matthew’s Gospel This, and the below, is different than the Catena Aurea.
On Matthew Generally
Stonehouse, Ned – The Witness of Matthew and Mark to Christ Buy 1944
“A critical evaluation of the theories surrounding the priority of the Gospels. One entire section deals with Christ’s use of the OT in Matthew.” – Cyril J. Barber
Franzmann, Martin – Follow Me: Discipleship According to St. Matthew Buy 1961
“A devout study designed to show how the Lord prepared his disciples for their future ministry.” – Cyril J. Barber
Gundry, Robert – The Use of the Old Testament in St. Matthew’s Gospel Buy 1967
“A work of exceptional scholarship in which the author examines each quotation as it appears in the text, evaluates the theories of writers who have proceeded him, and offers his own view of the fulfillment of Messianic prophecy.” – Cyril J. Barber
The First Half of Matthew
Leighton, Robert – Lectures on Matt 1-9 †1684 84 pp.
Leighton was a godly Scottish bishop whose writings are very spiritual and savory.
Blackwood, Christopher – Expositions and Sermons upon the Ten First Chapters of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, according to Matthew ToC 1659
** “This learned divine became a Baptist through studying the arguments against believers’ baptism. This proves his candor. His comment is somewhat out of date, but it is still good.” – Spurgeon
Alexander, J.A. – The Gospel According to St. Matthew on chs. 1-16
*** “Dr. Alexander’s last work. He died before it was quite finished. It is complete to chapter 14. Its value is great.”
“The author died before this volume was completed. His treatment of the first 16 chapters is of the utmost value.” – Cyril J. Barber
Burroughs, Jeremiah – Christ Inviting Sinners to come to Him for Rest; Four Books on the Eleventh of Matthew 1659
Burroughs was an English puritan.
Cameron was a Scottish covenanter, from where the name ‘Cameronians’ comes from. He is to be distinguished from John Cameron who lived earlier in the century.
For a very solid, amillennial, exegetical interpretation of the Olivet Discourse, see Alfred Edersheim’s Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah.
Murray, John – ‘The Interadventual Period and the Advent: Matthew 24 & 25’ in Collected Writings, 2:387-400 Buy
Kik, Jacob Marcellus – Matthew 24: an Exposition Buy 1948
“An amillennial approach to the problems of the Oliver Discourse.” – Cyril J. Barber
The Ten Virgins
Manton, Thomas – Sermons 1-10 of Several Sermons upon Mt. 25 in Works, vol. 9
Burns, William C. – ‘The Ten Virgins’ on Mt. 25:1-13, also in Revival Sermons, pp. 169-87
The Parable of the Talents
The General Judgment
Boston, Thomas – ‘Of the General Judgment’ on Mt. 25:31-46, from Man’s Four-fold State, in Works, vol. 8, pp. 289-316
Manton, Thomas – Sermons 18-27 of Several Sermons upon Mt. 25 in Works, vol. 10
Saphir, Adolph – Christ and the Church: Thoughts on the Apostolic Commission 1874 260 pp.
Saphir was a minister in the Free Church of Scotland.
“Expository thoughts on the ‘Great Commission.’” – Cyril J. Barber
Joseph & Mary
Whyte, Alexander – Joseph and Mary in Bible Characters d. 1921