Also see the material on our page: Antichrist.
Where to Start?
Silversides, David – The Antichrist: a Biblical and Confessional View Buy 2002 20 pages
This is the best short introduction to the question of who the Antichrist is. Silversides exegetes 2 Thess. 2, 1 John 2:18, and other passages. He also defends why this doctrine is an important part of the 1646 Westminster Confession of Faith.
Historicism: of the Roman Apostacy & the Papal Line (Recommended, the view of the Westminster Confession, 1646)
Calvin, John – Commentary on 2 Thess. 2:3-10 †1564 14 pages
Carlile, Christopher – An Interpretation of 2 Thess. 2 which describes the Antichrist, I mean the Pope 1572
Du Moulin, Pierre – The Prophecy in 2 Thess. 2:3-11 1613
Guild, William – On 2 Thess. 2:3-9, Antichrist… the Popes of Rome proven to be that Man of Sin… 1655 see chs. 3, 7, 9-11 & 16-18
Guild was a Scottish covenanter.
Hall, Edmund – The Apostasy, the Antichrist, or a Scriptural discourse of the Apostasy and the Antichrist, by way of comment upon the Twelve First Verses of 2 Thess. 2 under which are opened many of the dark prophecies of the Old Testament, which relate to the calling of the Jews, and the glorious things to be affected at the seventh trumpet through the world, together with a discourse of slaying the witnesses, and the immediate effects thereof 1653
Hall (1619-1687) was a reformed Anglican.
Manton, Thomas – 18 Sermons on 2 Thess. 2 d. 1677 180 pages
*** “Here Manton smites heavily at Popery. Richard Baxter wrote a commendatory preface to this valuable exposition.” – Spurgeon
Squire, John – A Plain Exposition on 2 Thessalonians 2:1-13, proving the Pope to be Antichrist, being  Lectures ToC 1630
** “Squire works out the point of the Pope’s being Antichrist with very great cogency of reasoning. The exposition of the Epistle is lost in the point aimed at: but that point is of the utmost importance.” – Spurgeon
Wilkinson, Henry – The Pope of Rome is Antichrist on 2 Thess. 2:3-10 in Puritan Sermons, 6:1-25
The Free Church of Scotland
Burns, William C. – Words of Warning on 2 Thess. 2:1-17 1844 Also in Revival Sermons, pp. 144-54
Burns was a Free Church of Scotland minister and evangelist. He interprets the chapter of Rome.
Cunningham, William – The Apostacy of the Church of Rome and the identity of the Papal Power with the Man of Sin and Son of Peridition of St. Paul’s Prophecy in the Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, proved from the testimony of Scripture and History 1818
This Cunningham (c.1775–1849) was not the Free Church of Scotland professor, but a congregationalist minister and writer on Biblical prophecy. He was a historic premillennial.
Fairbairn, Patrick – ‘The Antichrist as Represented by our Lord and his Apostles’, pp. 354-64 in his Prophecy, viewed in Respect to its Distinctive Nature, Special Function and Proper Interpretation
Fairbairn was a minister and professor in the Free Church of Scotland who makes a very sensible and strong argument that the developing antichristian spirit finds its primary, manifested rise in the papal, false-Christian system.
*** – “A standard work by one who is at home with the subject.” – Spurgeon
Hislop was a minister in the Free Church of Scotland.
Eadie, John – Essay on the Man of Sin, 2 Thess. 2:3-10 1877 41 pp. being appended to his Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, pp. 329-370
Eadie was a renowned minister, professor and scholar in the United Secession Church of Scotland, which merged to become the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland. He gives a very good survey and critique of interpretations of the fulfillment of this chapter. He critiques numerous preterist positions (many of which held the Antichrist to be Nero, Titus or Claudius) on pp. 333-335. He gives a good survey of the majority, historic reformed view on p. 340 ff. but prefers to take the Antichrist as a future, atheistic individual.