Special Revelation

“The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.”

Deut. 29:29

“Thus saith the Lord…”

Ex. 4:22

“To whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?”

Isa. 53:1



Order of Contents

Articles  8+
Books  20
Quote  1
Historical  1





Owen, John – Ch. 1 & 2  of Of the Divine Original, with the Authority, Self-Evidencing Power, & Light of the Holy Scriptures  (1659)

Turretin, Francis – Institutes of Elenctic Theology, tr. George M. Giger, ed. James Dennison Jr.  (1679–1685; P&R, 1992), vol. 1, 2nd Topic

1. ‘Was revelation by the Word necessary?  We affirm.’ 55
2. ‘Was it necessary for the Word to be committed to writing?  We affirm.’ 57

Whitfeld, William – A Discourse of the Necessity of Revelation & an Holy Life Delivered in a Visitation-Sermon  Ref  (1697/1698)

Whitfeld (1658-1717) was an Anglican.

Taylor, Nathanael – A Preservative Against Deism, Showing the Great Advantage of Revelation Above Reason, in the Two Great Points, Pardon of Sin & a Future State of Happiness: with an Appendix in Answer to a Letter of A. W. Against Revealed Religion in the Oracles of Reason  ToC  (London, 1698)

Taylor (d. 1702) was reformed.



Brown of Haddington, John – Bk. 1, Ch. 3, ‘Of the Revealed Standard of Religion contained in the Scriptures of the Old & New Testament, in the Possibility, Desirableness, Necessity, Propriety, Reasonableness, Credibility, Divine Authority, Perspicuity, Perfection, Contents & Means of Explaining it’  in A Compendious View of Natural and Revealed Religion  (Glasgow, 1782), pp. 44-109



Cunningham, William

‘The Rule of Faith’  12 pp.  in his Theological Lectures…  (1878), p. 447 ff.

‘The Sufficiency of Scripture’  65 pp.  being chs. 37-42  of his Theological Lectures  (1878), p. 459 ff.



Pink, A.W.

Doctrine of Revelation  (1949)

Part 2, The Holy Bible

Part 3, God’s Subjective Revelation

Part 4, Revelation in Glory

“This is the most edifying work on revelation from a popular, experimental, Reformed perspective.” – Joel Beeke, Reader’s Guide

Berkhof, Louis

‘What is the Word of God?’  from The Word of God & the Reformed Faith, Addresses Delivered at the Second American Calvinistic Conference held at Calvin College & Seminary…  (Baker, 1942)

‘The Means of Grace’  15 paragraphs  from his Systematic Theology  (1950)

‘The Word as a Means of Grace’  12 paragraphs  from his Systematic Theology  (1950)

ed. Tenney, Merrill C. – The Bible: The Living Word of Revelation  Ref  (Zondervan, 1968)  225 pp.  ToC

“…consists of ten essays by Evangelical Theological Society members, the bulk of which stress aspects of the doctrine of revelation, the mode of divine communication, or ramifications of inerrancy.” – Joel Beeke, Reader’s Guide

Morris, Leon – I Believe in Revelation  Ref  (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976)  160 pp.  ToC

Morris (1914-2006)





Junius, Francis – A Treatise on True Theology  (†1602)



Burroughs, Jeremiah – Gospel Revelation, in Three Treatises, viz, 1. The Nature of God. 2 The Excellencies of Christ, and 3. The Excellency of Man’s Immortal Soul  Buy  (London, 1660)

Baxter, Richard – The Arrogancy of Reason against Divine Revelations, Repressed, or, Proud Ignorance the Cause of Infidelity, and of men’s Quarreling with the Word of God  (London, 1655)

Owen, John – Biblical Theology: the History of Theology from Adam to Christ  Buy  856 pp.

This work is not in Owen’s 16 volume Works, nor in his Hebrews commentary, but must be purchased as a separate volume, it being only recently translated out of the Latin.

A more accurate translation of the original title, Theologoumena Pantodapa sive de Natura, Ortu, Progressu, Et Studio Veræ Theologiæ, is:  A Broad Miscellany of Theological Investigations, or, Of the Nature, Rise, Progress & Study of True Theology.

Williams, John

The Possibility, Expediency & Necessity of Divine Revelation, a Sermon Preached…  (1694/1695)  on Heb. 1:1-2

The Several Ways of Revelation, a Sermon Preached…  (1695)  on Heb. 1:1-2  It appears that this sermon follows the previous.

The Perfection of the Evangelical Revelation, a Sermon Preached…  (1695/1696)  on Gal. 1:8-9

Of Revelation & the Messias, a Sermon Preached…  (1696)  on 1 Pet. 3:15

Williams (1636-1709), bishop of Chichester, was a conservative Anglican.



Baker, Thomas – Reflections upon Learning, wherein is Shown the Insufficiency Thereof in its Several Particulars, in order to Evince the Usefulness & Necessity of Revelation  (London, 1700)  ToC

Baker (1656-1740) was an English antiquarian.

Blackall, Ofspring – The Sufficiency of a Standing Revelation in General, and of the Scripture Revelation in Particular, both as to the Matter of it, & as to the Proof of it; & that New Revelations Cannot Reasonably be Desired, & would Probably be Unsuccessful, in 8 Sermons  (London, 1709)

Blackall (bap. 1655 – 1716) was born in London and was the Anglican bishop of Exeter and a religious controversialist.

Saurin, Jacques – Sermons… vol. 2, On the Truth of Revelation  2nd American ed. (d. 1730; W.J. M’Cartee, 1813)  ToC

Saurin (1677-1730) was a major French, reformed, religious figure in the late 17th century and early 18th century who was particularly well-known for his oratory skills.  While he began his career as a Romanist priest, Saurin ultimately converted and became a pastor of the Reformed Church of France.

Forbes, Duncan – Some Thoughts Concerning Religion, Natural & Revealed, & the Manner of Understanding Revelation; Tending to show that Christianity is, Indeed Very Near, as Old as the Creation  (London: Woodfall, 1735)  125 pp.  No ToC

Forbes of Culloden (1685–1747) was a Scottish lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1721 to 1737.

ed. Burnet, Gilbert – A Defence of Natural & Revealed Religion, being an Abridgment of the Sermons Preached at the Lecture Founded by the Honorable Robert Boyle, Esq., vol. 1, 2, 3, 4  (Dublin, 1737)

Table of Contents

vol. 1

Confutation of Atheism – Bentley
Demonstration of the Messiah – Kidder
Lectures on Revelation – Boyle
Of the Certainty and Necessity of Religion in General – Gastrell
Refutation of the Atheistical Objections against the Being & Attributes of God – Harris
Credibility of the Christian Religion: the Qualifications Requisite Towards the Receiving a Divine Revelation – Bradford
The Imperfect Promulgation of the Gospel Considered
Sufficiency of a Standing Revelation – Blackhall
Truth & Excellency of the Christian Religion Asserted Against Jews, Infidels & Heretics – Stanhope

vol. 2

Truth & Excellency of the Christian Religion Asserted Against Jews, Infidels & Heretics, Part 2 – Stanhope
Demonstration of the Being & Attributes of God – Clarke
Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion, & the Truth & Certainty of the Christian Religion – Clarke
On Natural & Revealed Religion – Hancock
Accomplishment of Scripture Prophecies – Whiston
The Wisdom of God in the Redemption of Man – Turner
Religion: No Matter of Shame or Reproach – Butler
The Divine Original & Incomparable Excellence of the Christian Religion – Woodward
Demonstration of the Being & Attributes of God from the Works of Creation – Derham

 vol. 3

The True Notion of the Exercise of Private Judgment, or Free-Thinking – Ibbot
Natural Obligations to Believe the Principles of Religion and Divine Revelation – Leng
Inquiry into the Cause & Origin of Moral Evil – John Clarke
Pretended Difficulties in Natural or Revealed Religion No Excuse Infidelity – Gurdon
Demonstration of True Religion – Burnet

vol. 4

Demonstration of True Religion, Part 2 – Burnet
The Gradual Revelation of the Gospel – Berriman
Subject Index

Campbell, Archibald – The Necessity of Revelation: Or an Inquiry Into the Extent of Human Powers with Respect to Matters of Religion. Especially Those Two Fundamental Articles, the Being of God & the Immortality of the Soul  (London, 1739)

Campbell (1691-1756) was a Church of Scotland minister and professor of theology and ecclesiastical history at St Andrews.  He was also a moral philosopher.

This book was in response to Matthew Tindal (1657–1733), an eminent English, deist author.  Tindal’s works were highly influential at the dawn of the Enlightenment and caused great controversy, challenging the Christian consensus of his time.

“In 1735 Campbell was charged with Pelagianism, on account of Oratio de Vanitate Luminis Naturæ [An Oration on the Vanity of the Light of Nature] and other works, before the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, but was acquitted in March 1735-6, with a warning for the future.” – Wikipedia



Bavinck, Herman – The Philosophy of Revelation  Buy  (1908)  315 pp.

Fisher, George Park – The Nature & Method of Revelation  (New York, 1890), pp. 1-180

Fisher (1827-1909) was a minister and a professor of divinity and Church history at Yale.  He was a prolific writer.



Orr, James – Revelation & Inspiration  (New York, 1910)

Orr (1844-1913) was a Scottish Presbyterian minister in the United Free Church of Scotland and a professor of church history and then theology.  He was an influential defender of evangelical doctrine and a contributor to The Fundamentals, though he was not wholly orthodox and conservative on every doctrine.

“Provides a healthy discussion of the issue involved.  Advocates a view which accepts verbal, but not plenary [complete] inspiration.” – Cyril J. Barber

Warfield, B.B. – Revelation & Inspiration  (New York: Oxford, 1927)

“A work which deserves a place on every pastor’s desk.” – Cyril J. Barber

Henry, Carl – Revelation & the Bible: Contemporary Evangelical Thought  Ref  (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1958)  415 pp.  ToC

Clark, Gordon H. – Religion, Reason & Revelation  Buy  (P&R, 1961)

Packer, J.I. – God Speaks to Man: Revelation & the Bible  Buy  (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966)

“Points out that critical views of the Bible have always impoverished students of the Word.  Urges believers to return to a careful study of what the Scriptures say, unadorned by contemporary trappings.” – Cyril J. Barber

Pinnock, Clark H. – Biblical Revelation, the Foundation of Christian Theology  Buy  (Philadelphia: P&R, 1967)

Written back when Pinnock was orthodox, before he was an Open Theist.

“An evaluation of present-day religious philosophies, with an analysis of modern concepts of inspiration.” – Cyril J. Barber

McDonald, H.D. – Theories of Revelation: an Historical Study 1700-1960  in Twin Brook Series   Buy  (Baker, 1979)  385 pp.  ToC

“…quite helpful…” – Joel Beeke, Reader’s Guide




John ‘ Rabbi’ Duncan

“Christianity does not tell me all I would like to know…  but while it enlightens my reason as to my duties, it gives me sufficient light as to the ultimate mysteries, to prevent their paralysing me altogether.”



Historical Theology

On the Reformation

Mallinson, Jeffrey – ‘The Nature & Mode of Special Revelation’  in Faith, Reason & Revelation in Theodore Beza, 1519-1605  (Oxford, 2003), pp. 142-75




“…for the Lord revealed Himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the Lord.”

1 Sam. 3:21

“…for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.”

Isa. 56:1

“Every word of God is pure…”

Prov. 30:5




Related Pages

The Revealed Will of God

Historic Reformed Quotes on God’s Revealed Will and the Gospel Call as God’s Desire, Pleasure and Wish

General Revelation