“I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days.”

Dan. 10:14

“when ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel… whoso readeth let him understand…”

Matt 24:15

“Behold, I have told you before…”

Matt 24:25




On Prophecy

The Antichrist




Berkhof, Louis – Introduction to Eschatology, 1950, 12 paragraphs, from his Systematic Theology

Brown, Charles – Preface to Materials for Daily Intercessory Prayer, 1861, 15 pages, the larger work (of 65 pages) is a reorganization of two papers by the late Robert Wodrow on the future (post-millennial) conversion of Israel.  The authors sought to promote Christian’s daily prayer to this end.




Steele, David – Notes on the Apocalypse  Buy  1870, 336 pages

This is perhaps the best medium-size historicist commentary on the book of Revelation.  It thoroughly uses scripture to interpret itself, is balanced, is hermenuetically on target, has an easy to discern outline and is easily consulted, is brief, and yet it answers all the major questions.  While this commentary is excellent and highly recommended, do be aware that Steele was the fountain-head of the ‘Steelites’ who have extreme and dangerous views of ecclesiology and covenanting.  Steele only mentions such views in a few sentences in the book. 



E.B. Elliott’s Works  Elliott (1793-1875) wrote the most exhaustive historicist defense and exposition of the Book of Revelation, including a critique of all of the other main interpretations of Revelation.  Elliott was a historicist premillennial.

The Works of Elliott

Horae Apocalypticae: A Commentary on the Apocalypse, vol. 1, vol. 2, vol. 3, vol. 4

This is Elliott’s monumental historicist commentary on Revelation.  ‘Horae Apocalypticae’ in the title means ‘of the hours of the Apocalypse’.  See below for a one volume abridgment of this work and an even more concise paraphrase on Revelation according to Elliott’s interpretation. 

Vindiciae Horariae: or Twelve Letters to the Rev. Dr. Keith in reply to his Strictures on the Horae Apocalypticae, 1848, 296 pages

Elliott gives a further defense of his views of the Seals and the Two Witnesses in the Book of Revelation.  ‘Vindiciae Horariae’ means a ‘Vindication of the Hours’

Reply to the Rev. T.K. Arnold’s Remarks on the Horae Apocalypticae, 1845, 78 pages

Shortly after Elliott’s monumental commentary on Revelation was published, T.K. Arnold published a critique of it, chiefly relating to 5 points wherein Arnold argued that the Papacy was not the Antichrist.  Elliott here responds to Arnold and defends his position that the Papacy is the Antichrist. 


Abridgments of Elliott’s Main Work (in order from smallest to largest)

Pratt, J.H. – Paraphrase of the Revelation of St. John  1862  97 pages

This is a paraphrase of the Book of Revelation, starting at chapter 6, according to E.B. Elliott’s interpretation.  This is a handy way of quickly seeing how Elliott interprets the book without digging through his 4 volumes.

Tucker, H. Carre – Brief Historical Explanation of the Revelation of St. John according to the Horae Apocalypticae of Elliott,  1863, 117 pages

E., H.E. – The Last Prophecy: Being an Abridgment of Elliott’s Horae Apocalypticae, to which is subjoined his last paper on ‘Prophecy Fulfilled and Fulfilling 1884, 375 pages

This is an abridgment of Elliott’s larger four volume work.  It was intended as a course of lectures in church history for the young pertaining to the events of the Book of Revelation.




Charles Spurgeon

Only fools and madmen are positive in their interpretations of the Apocalypse.


J.C. Ryle

All portions of Scripture ought to be approached with deep humility and earnest prayer for the teaching of the Spirit. On no point have good people so entirely disagreed as on the interpretation of prophecy; on no point have the prejudices of one group, the dogmatism of a second and the extravagance of a third done so much to rob the church of truths which God intended to be a blessing.




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