Commentaries on Daniel

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 Ezekiel  ⇐ ⇒  Hosea

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Order of Contents

The Best
.       Commentaries  5
      On the Major Prophetic Passages  5

More
.       Commentaries  15
      On the Major Prophetic Passages  15
Early Church  2
Life & Times of Daniel  5
Chapters in Daniel
For Young People  2
In Latin  1
Authenticity of  8
Characters in:

Nebuchadnezzar  1
Belshazzar  2
Darius  1

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The Best Commentaries on Daniel

Intermediate

Barnes, Albert – Notes on Daniel  1800’s

Barnes was an American, Northern, New School Presbyterian and a Historicist.

*** – “Dr. Wardlaw said of this work: ‘I have examined the ‘Notes’ of the Rev. Albert Barnes on a considerable variety of testing passages; and, so far as my examination has gone, I feel confident in pronouncing them to be characterized in no ordinary degree, by discriminative judgment, sound theology, unostentatious learning, practical wisdom, and evangelical piety.'” – Spurgeon

Cowles, Henry – Daniel with Notes, Critical, Explanatory and Practical, Designed for both Pastors and People  1867

*** “In his own way this author is one of the most instructive of American writers; he is clear and definite, and leaves his meaning impressed upon the mind.  His scholarship is respectable.” – Spurgeon

Rule, William – Historical Exposition of Daniel  1869

*** “A notably interesting exposition, bringing historical facts and memorials to bear upon the prophecy.  It is not merely readable, but attractive.” – Spurgeon

Young, E.J.

Book

The Prophecy of Daniel: a Commentary  Buy  1977  332 pp.

Young was one of the great early Westminster Seminary scholars.

Articles

‘Daniel’s Vision of the Son of Man’  1958  20 pp.  a Lecture

‘Daniel’  1965  70 pp.  in Old Testament Prophecy, pp. 151-220  Buy  1965  220 pp.  Young treats of Daniel generally, the Four Empires and the Seventy Weeks.

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Advanced

Keil, C.F. – Commentary on Daniel

***“We have just had occasion to make ourselves acquainted with Keil’s book on Daniel, and we can speak of it in very high terms.  It is marked by great erudition, rare accuracy, and much spiritual thoughtfulness.” – Evangelical Magazine, quoted by Spurgeon

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The Best on the Major Prophetic Passages of Daniel

Intermediate

Fairbairn, Patrick – ‘Prophecies in Daniel Concerning Messiah’s Kingdom in its Relation to the Kingdoms of this World’  and ‘The Antichrist as Represented in Daniel both Typically and Antitypically’  1866  22 pp. total, in Prophecy, pp. 290-305 & 337-344

Fairbairn a professor of the Free Church of Scotland.

Harrison, Benjamin – Prophetic Outlines of the Christian Church and the Antichristian power as traced in the visions of Daniel and St. John: in twelve lectures preached…  1849

***“We like the manner of this book.  The author has been content throughout to trace the true outline of interpretation without entering on a detailed examination of counter theories; and he has done this in the spirit of Bishop Ridley, who said upon a kindred subject, ‘Sir, in these matters I am so fearful, that I dare not speak further than the very text doth, as it were, lead my by the hand.” – Spurgeon

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Advanced

Elliott, E.B. – Horae Apocalypticae: A Commentary on the Apocalypse, Critical and Historical, Including also an Examination of the Chief Prophecies of Daniel…, vol. 1, 2, 3, 4  2nd ed. 1846

Elliott (1793-1875) wrote here the most exhaustive historicist defense and exposition of the Book of Revelation, building upon all the commentators before him.  The last volume includes a critique of all of the other main interpretations of Revelation.  He was a historicist premillennial (as was Charles Spurgeon who has commended it).  ‘Horae Apocalypticae’ in the title means ‘of the hours of the Apocalypse’.

Elliott does not have a separate section on passages from Daniel, but his interpretation of them are scattered throughout his work, and Spurgeon places it as relevant to Daniel.

***  “The standard work on the subject.” – Spurgeon

Hengstenberg, E.W. – ‘Messianic Predictions in Daniel’  1868  182 pp.  in The Christology of the Old Testament, vol. 3, pp. 82-264  Hengstenberg comments on chs: 7:13-14 & 9:24-27.

Pusey, E.B. – Daniel the Prophet: 9 Lectures with copious notes  1864

Pusey, on the one hand, was a leading conservative scholar that defended the historicity of Daniel.  On the other hand, he was a high-church Anglican who had his own following: the Puseyites.  This work not only deals with scholarly background on Daniel, but also interprets the major prophetic sections.

*** “To Dr. Pusey’s work on Daniel all subsequent writers must be deeply indebted, however much they differ from him in other departments of theological study.” – Spurgeon

‘An extensive, scholarly treatment.  Amillennial.’ – Cyril J. Barber

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More Commentaries on Daniel

The Reformation

Beckwith, Carl – Reformation Commentary on Scripture: Ezekiel, Daniel  Buy

Calvin, John – Commentary on Daniel

*** – Spurgeon

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1600’s

Huit, Ephraim – The Whole Prophecy of Daniel Explained, by a Paraphrase, analysis and brief comment: wherein the several visions showed to the prophet are clearly interpreted, and the application thereof vindicated against dissenting opinions   1643

**  “Huit’s short doctrinal summaries of the verses will bring useful subjects before the preacher’s mind; otherwise Huit is not very remarkable.” – Spurgeon

Willlet, Andrew – A Six-fold commentary upon the Most Divine Prophecy of Daniel  1610

Willet (1562–1621)

**  “Dr. Williams says that this is a work of much information, as it contains the ‘opinions of many authors on each point of difficulty.’  He adds that in none of his expositions does Willet ‘discover more skill and judgment than in the present work.'” – Spurgeon

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Intermediate

1800’s

Kelly, William – Notes on the Book of Daniel  1870

**  “It needs minds of a peculiar organization to enjoy Plymouth writings.  They abound in peculiar phraseology, which only the initiated can understand.  We are sorry to see such a mind as Mr. Kelly’s so narrowed to party bounds.” – Spurgeon

Knox, J. – Reflections on Daniel  1849

**  “This book is unknown to us.” – Spurgeon

Strong, Leonard – Lectures on the Book of Daniel  1871  Each chapter of Daniel is covered in a consecutive lecture.

**  “Notes of instructive lectures.” – Spurgeon

Stuart, Moses – Commentary on the Book of Daniel  1850

Stuart (1780-1852) was an American partial-preterist.

**  “Stuart gives quite an independent interpretation, and fails to see the Pope and his Cardinals in Daniel, for which we like him all the better.  We do not accept his conclusions, but he is always worthy of respect.” – Spurgeon

Tatford, Frederick – Studies in the Prophecy of Daniel  Buy  Reprinted by Klock & Klock

Taylor, William – Daniel the Beloved  1878  260 pp.

Taylor (1829–1895) was a Scottish Presbyterian who later ministered in America at Broadway Tabernacle Congregationalist Church in New York.

“A relevant, timely study.” – Cyril J. Barber

Wilson, Joseph – Horae Propheticae, or Dissertations on the Book of the Prophet Daniel  1824  The Latin means ‘Hours of Prophecy’.

**  “We consider this to be of more than average worth.” – Spurgeon

Wright, Charles H. – Studies in Daniel’s Prophecy  Buy  Reprinted by Klock & Klock

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1900’s

Kirk, Thomas – Daniel, the Prophet  Buy  1906  363 pp.  Reprinted by Klock & Klock

‘Expository sermons which abound in practical application and ably counter [Samuel] Driver’s higher critical theories.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Leupold, H.C. – Exposition of Daniel  Buy  

Leupold (b. 1891) was an orthodox Lutheran and a professor of the Old Testament.

‘A scholarly work form a conservative amillennial viewpoint.  Of particular value for its exegetical treatment of the text.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Veldkamp, Herman – Dreams and Dictators  Buy  1979  251 pp.

Veldkamp is a Dutch Reformed pastor who has written on a number of the minor prophets.

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Advanced

Wintle, Thomas – Daniel, an Improved Version Attempted, with a Preliminary Dissertation, and Notes Critical, Historical and Explanatory  1792  The commentary begins on p. 124 of 356.

*  “Learned notes, mainly philological, with a translation on the plan of Lowth.” – Spurgeon

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More on the Major Prophetic Passages of Daniel

1600’s

Broughton, Hugh – An Apology in brief assertions defending that our Lord died in the time properly foretold to Daniel  1592

Broughton was a reformed Anglican.

* “This author was pedantic and eccentric, but yet a man of real learning.  His works have almost disappeared.  In his own day some considered him a sage and others a quack.  He was a little of both.” – Spurgeon

Parker, Thomas – The Visions and Prophecies of Daniel Expounded  ToC  1646

Parker (1595–1677)  an English, Reformed, nonconforming clergyman and a founder of Newbury, Massachusetts.

*“This learned book is enough to perplex and distract any ordinary mortal, but probably Dr. Cumming and brethren of his school would revel in it.  We had sooner read a table of logarithms.” – Spurgeon

More, Henry – A Plain and Continued Exposition of the Several Prophecies or divine visions of the prophet Daniel  1681

*“If a man had no more than More on Daniel he would certainly long for more, and need a work more spiritual and more suggestive.” – Spurgeon

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Historic, 1700’s

Newton, Sir Isaac – Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of St. John  d. 1727

Newton was the famous scientist and an Anglican who had a penchant for Biblical chronology and historicist eschatology. 

** – “The author’s name will always keep this book in repute.  The spiritual student will not glean much from it.  Sir Isaac’s fame does not rest on his expositions.  The following extract we cannot forbear inserting in this place:

‘The folly of interpreters has been, to foretell times and and things by this prophecy [the Apocalypse], as if God designed to make them prophets.  By this rashness they have not only exposed themselves, but brought the prophecy also into contempt.  The design of God was much otherwise.  He gave this and the prophecies of the Old Testament, not to gratify men’s curiosities by enabling them to foreknow things, but that after they were fulfilled they might be interpreted by the event; and his own providence, not the interpreter’s wisdom, be then manifested thereby to the world.'”

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Popular

Irving, Edward – Babylon and Infidelity Foredoomed by God; a Discourse on Daniel and the Apocalypse, which relate to these latter times  1826

**  “More of rolling sound than anything else.” – Spurgeon

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Intermediate

1700’s

Amner, Richard – An Essay towards an Interpretation of the Prophecies of Daniel  1776

*  “Written on the absurd hypothesis that the prophecies were all fulfilled before the death of Antiochus Epiphanes.” – Spurgeon

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1800’s

Birks, T.R.

The Four Prophetic Empires, and the Kingdom of Messiah, being an Exposition of the First Two Visions of Daniel  1845

** – Spurgeon

The Two Later Visions of Daniel Historically Explained  1846

** – “We must leave judgment upon this work and the preceding one to those skilled in prophetic interpretation.” – Spurgeon

Godet, Frederic – ‘Daniel’ & ‘On the Four Monarchies and the Seventy Weeks’  1882  21 pp. in Studies in the Old Testament, pp. 171-182 & 333-343

Roos, Magnus – Exposition of such of the Prophecies of Daniel as receive their accomplishment under the New Testament  1811  trans. by E. Henderson

*** “Dr. Henderson gently chides those who are not sufficiently intent upon prophetical interpretation.  There would be fewer of such delinquents if expositors were more reasonable.  Roos, however, is dull to a dreadful degree: we should say that nobody ever read him through, except his translator.  He is very devout, and this is the saving point about his book.  We cannot tell whether the views of Roos are correct or not, for we cannot keep awake while reading him.  As far as we have gone we have seen some reason to question.” – Spurgeon

Tregelles, S. Prideaux – Remarks on the Prophetic Visions in the Book of Daniel, with Notes on Prophetic Interpretation in Connection with Popery  1864

Tregelles (1813–1875)

**  “Tregelles is deservedly regarded as a great authority upon prophetical subjects.” – Spurgeon

‘A premillennial work based upon a thorough knowledge of the original text.  Contains some exceptional material.’

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1900’s

Payne, J. Barton – “The Goal of Daniel’s Seventy weeks,”  Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 21.2 (June 1978): 97-115

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Advanced

Auberlen, Carl August – The Prophecies of Daniel and the Revelations of St. John, viewed in their mutual relations, with an exposition of the principal passages  1856  Trans. by Adolph Saphir, a Free Churchman

** – “Not a textual commentary, but a treatise upon the mysterious prophecies.  Auberlen’s spirit is reverential and his views are evangelical, or we should not have found Mr. Saphir translating it.  He acknowledges his indebtedness to Roos [below].  We must leave the interpretations to be judged by those who are learned in such subjects.” – Spurgeon

‘An informative study by a distinguished Swiss theologian.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Blayney, Benjamin – Zechariah, a New Translation with Notes, critical, philological and explanatory, with a Dissertation on Dan. 9:20 to the End  1797  206 pp.

Blayney (1728–1801) was an English divine and Hebraist.

Manchester, George Montague – The Times of Daniel, Chronological, and Prophetical, Examined with Relation to the Point of Contact between Sacred and Profane Chronology  1845

*  “This work has received the most enthusiastic praise from German writers, who dwell with pleasure upon his being ‘erudite and illustrious’.  The duke’s writing is certainly sui generis [of its own kind].  He is by no means a favorite author with us.” – Spurgeon

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The Early Church on Daniel

Compilation

Stevenson, Kenneth & Michael Glerup – Ancient Commentary on Scripture: Ezekiel, Daniel  Buy

Individual Father

Jerome – Commentary on Daniel  Buy

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The Life and Times of Daniel

Devotional & Practical

Whyte, Alexander – Daniel  in Bible Characters  d. 1921 

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Intermediate

Anonymous – Daniel: Statesman and Prophet  (London: Religious Tract Society, n.d.)

** – “A valuable popular addition to the literature of the book of Daniel.  Objections to its authenticity and inspiration are met, and the assaults of infidels are made to bring out the evidences of Divine authority with all the greater clearness.  We are delighted with the volume, which is beautifully got up.  Every student and minister should have a copy.”

Deane, Henry – Daniel: His Life and Times  1888

“Valuable for its historic material.” – Cyril J. Barber

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Advanced

Boutflower, Charles – In and Around the Book of Daniel  1923  360 pp.

‘Contains excellent historical material.’ – Cyril J. Barber

Dougherty, Raymond Philip – Nabonidus and Belshazzar: a Study of the Closing Events of the Neo-Babylonian Empire  Buy  1929

‘A valuable reconstruction of events which proves conclusively the coregency of these kings and verifies the historical reliability of Daniel.’ – Cyril J. Barber

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The First Half of Daniel

1800’s

Miles, Charles Popham – Lectures, Expository and Practical, on the Book of the Prophet Daniel with Copious Notes, vol. 1 (1-6), 2 (7)  on chs. 1-7  1840-1

**  “Commendable sermons and good notes.” – Spurgeon

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1900’s

De Graaf, S.G. – ‘Captivity’  1977  27 pp. in Promise and Deliverance, vol. 2: The Failure of Israel’s Theocracy, pp. 399-426  De Graaf surveys Dan. 1-6.

De Graff is a Dutch Reformed author who focuses on the unfolding of the Covenant through history.  He writes in an easy to read, but insightful style.

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Daniel 7

Du Moulin, Pierre – The Prophecy Contained in Dan. 7  1613  26 pp.

Moulin (1568–1658) was a Huguenot minister in France.

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Daniel 11-12

Brightman, Thomas – A Most Comfortable Exposition of the Last and Most Difficult Part of the Prophecy of Daniel, from 11:26-12:13, wherein the Restoring of the Jews and their calling to the Faith of Christ after the utter overthrow of their three last enemies is set forth in lively colors  †1607

* – “This exposition and the author’s commentary on Canticles are appended to his work on Revelation, and do not appear to have been published separately.  In his title-page Brightman is called a bright and worthy man, and in the preface we are told that ‘he shined every way and was a Brightman indeed.’  His work is rather a curiousity tan a treasure.” – Spurgeon

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Commentaries on Daniel for Young People

Coleman, Thomas – Decision, Exemplified in Daniel

*  “This is by the author of ‘Memorials of Independent Churches’.  It is intended for children and is suitable for them.” – Spurgeon

Gaussen, Louis – The Prophet Daniel Explained, vol. 12  1873/4  

Gaussen was a Swiss Reformed minister.

*** “This is a work for children only.  We hope it will not set our Sunday School teachers explaining to their little ones the image and its toes, the he-goat, and all the other marvels.  If they do attempt it we wish them as well through their task as Professor Gaussen.” – Spurgeon

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Daniel Commentary in Latin

Broughton, Hugh – Commentary on Daniel  1599

Broughton was a reformed Anglican.

* “This author was pedantic and eccentric, but yet a man of real learning.  His works have almost disappeared.  In his own day some considered him a sage and others a quack.  He was a little of both.” – Spurgeon

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On the Authenticity of Daniel

Intermediate

Articles

Tregelles, S. Prideaux – Defense of the Authenticity of the Book of Daniel  1852  80 pp.

Tregelles (1813–1875)

**  “Tregelles is deservedly regarded as a great authority upon prophetical subjects.” – Spurgeon

Wilson, Robert D. – The Present State of the Daniel Controversy  n.d.  20 pp.

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Books

Wilson, Joseph – Did Daniel write Daniel?  The Genuineness and Authenticity of the Book of Daniel Discussed  n.d.  170 pp.

Wilson was a professor of History in the seminary of the Reformed Episcopal Church.

Anderson, Robert

Daniel in the Critics’ Den: a Reply to Dean [F.W.] Farrar’s ‘Book of Daniel’  1902  170 pp.

Daniel in the Critics’ Den: a Reply to Professor [Samuel] Driver of Oxford  n.d.  200 pp.

Urquhart, John – ‘The Book of Daniel’ & ‘Archdeacon [F.W.] Farrar on Daniel’  1895  236 pp.  being chs. 5-16 & the appendix of The Inspiration and Accuracy of the Holy Scriptures

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Advanced

Hengstenberg, E.W. – Dissertations on the Genuineness of Daniel and the Integrity of Zechariah  1848

** – “Much valuable matter is brought out by the discussion; but few of us have time to go into it, or any need to do so; for we are fully persuaded of the integrity of all the prophets, and of their books too.” – Spurgeon

Pusey, E.B. – Daniel the Prophet: 9 Lectures with copious notes  1864

Pusey, on the one hand, was a leading conservative scholar that defended the historicity of Daniel.  On the other hand, he was a high-church Anglican who had his own following: the Puseyites. 

*** “To Dr. Pusey’s work on Daniel all subsequent writers must be deeply indebted, however much they differ from him in other departments of theological study.” – Spurgeon

Wilson, Robert D. – Studies in Daniel: a Discussion of the Historical Questions  1917  425 pp.

‘Contains a detailed analysis of the historical and textual questions raised regarding the historicity and integrity of Daniel, with a detailed refutation.  A most valuable work!’ – Cyril J. Barber

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Nebuchadnezzar

Whyte, Alexander – Nebuchadnezzar  in Bible Characters  d. 1921

Whyte, the popular United Free Church of Scotland professor, writes devotionally and practically.

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Belshazzar

Whyte, Alexander – Belshazzar  in Bible Characters  d. 1921

Dougherty, Raymond Philip – Nabonidus and Belshazzar: a Study of the Closing Events of the Neo-Babylonian Empire  Buy  1929

‘A valuable reconstruction of events which proves conclusively the coregency of these kings and verifies the historical reliability of Daniel.’ – Cyril J. Barber

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Darius

Whitcomb, John C. – Darius the Mede: a Study in Historical Identification  Buy  1959

‘A brilliant study which ably blends archaeological discoveries and historical data into a most thought-provoking work.’ – Cyril J. Barber

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Related Pages

Whole Bible Commentaries

Old Testament Commentaries

New Testament Commentaries