The Trinity

“In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost”

Matt 28:19

“The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me; because the Lord hath anointed Me…”

Isa. 61:1

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Order of Contents

Articles
Books

Jewish Writings
Eternal Generation of the Son
Perichoresis
Bibliographies


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Articles

1800’s

Bavinck, Herman – The Divine Trinityno date or source info, 56 paragraphs

Buchanan, James – Father, Son and Holy Spirit: Each Have a Part in Saving SinnersHTML, 1867, from his Doctrine of Justification, 388-392, Baker edition

Cunningham, William

Distinction of Persons in the Godhead, 1863, p. 192, 10 pp.  from his Historical Theology, vol. 2

Trinity and Unity, 1863, p. 203, 9 pages, from his Historical Theology, vol. 2

The Doctrine of the Trinity in the Early Church, 1863, p. 267, 38 pp.  from his Historical Theolgy, vol. 1

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1900’s

Berkhof, Louis – The Holy Trinity, HTML, 1949, 35 paragraphs from his Systematic Theology

Kelly, J.N.D. – Chs. 4-5 & 9-10 of Early Christian Doctrines  1958


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Books

Cheynell, Francis – The Divine Trinunity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit  GB  1650  480 pp.

Cheynell was a Westminster divine.

Mastertown, Charles – The Doctrine of the Holy Trinity, Asserted from the Sacred Scriptures  1734  96 pp.

Mastertown (1679–1750) was born in Scotland but served in the Irish Presbyterian Church.  He uses the Westminster Confession of Faith through his short book.

Bickersteth, Edward – The Trinity  1892  87 pp.

Bickersteth was an Anglican bishop.

Prestige, G.L. – God in Patristic Thought  Buy  1936  301 pp.

Ayres, Lewis – Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth Century Trinitarian Theology  Buy  2006  490 pp.


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Jewish Writings

Allix, Peter – The Judgment of the Ancient Jewish Church Against the Unitarians in the Controversy Upon the Holy Trinity and the Divinity of Our Blessed Savior  ToC  1821  405 pp.


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On the Eternal Generation of the Son

Bavinck, Herman – ‘Son: Generation or Filiation’  being pp. 308-310 in Reformed Dogmatics, vol. 2


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Perichoresis

Short Excerpt

Bethune-Baker, James – p. 226, fn. 2 of An Introduction to the Early History of Christian Doctrine  1903  This is in the context of Augustine’s thought.  For other early figures expressing the same idea, see p. 129, fn. 2 and p. 221

Bethune-Baker was a Cambridge professor.

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Articles

Sherlock, William – pp. 300-326 of Ch. 4, Section 8, ‘Concerning the Divine Relations’  in The Present State of the Socinian Controversy, and the Doctrine of the Catholic Fathers concerning a Trinity in Unity  1698

Sherlock was an Anglican.

Bull, George – Sections 13 & 14 of Book 4, ch. 4 of Defense of the Nicene Creed  1685  6 pp.

This selection  is important and helpful for its historical quotations from early church fathers about perichoresis, however not everything Bull says is on target, and his theology of the Trinity, and this work in particular are highly NOT recommended.

Bull was an Arminian, Latitudinarian, Anglican who held to an early form of Tri-theism from certain church fathers before the council of Nicea, AD 325.  That is, he held that while the divine nature amongst the persons of the Trinity was the same in quality, it was not numerically the same: he believed there were three divine natures.  Bull’s thought is known as Monarchian Subordinationism.  Bull understood the unity of the three persons as being only an intellectual unity, of their thoughts of one another.  Hence he slants perichoresis to be an intellectual communion, rather than an inter-penetration of the being of the three persons.  Nonetheless, for the reasons stated, this piece is worthy of attention, as there is so little on this topic.

Blunt, John Henry – ‘Circumincession’  1872  2 pp.  in Dictionary of Doctrinal and Historical Theology, p. 129 ff.

Pohle, Joseph – ‘The Unity of Mutual Inexistence or Perichoresis’  being Pt. 2, Ch. 3 of The Divine Trinity: a Dogmatic Treatise  1912

Pohle was a prominent American Catholic scholar at the turn of the 20th century.

Prestige, G.L. –  Ch. 14, ‘Co-Inherence’  in God in Patristic Thought, pp. 282-302  Buy  1936  301 pp.

Prestige is an excellent patristics scholar and his discussion is one of the fullest on this doctrine, and the history of it, where very few are available.

Stramara, Jr., Daniel – Gregory of Nyssa’s Terminology for Trinitarian Perichoresis  1998  6 pp.  in Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 52, No. 3 (Aug., 1998), pp. 257-263  This can be read for free by setting up a free account.

Manastireanu, Danut – ‘Perichoresis and the Early Christian Doctrine of God’  in Archaeus, XI-XII (2007-2008) pp. 61-93

Manastireanu interacts with Prestige and examines in detail how perichoresis has been used of the hypostatic union, in the Trinity, and with respect to the Greek Orthodox doctrine of the deification of saints.  The article is careful and helpful.

Cunnington, Ralph – Sections 2.3.3 ‘Edwards Discussion of Perichoresis’ & 3.4 ‘Edwards Use of Perichoresis’ in ‘A Critical Examination of Jonathan Edwards’ Doctrine of the Trinity’  2014

Jonathan Edwards, in his somewhat problematic An Unpublished Essay on the Trinity, does not set forth the traditional, and correct, notion that the 3 persons of the Trinity have all the divine attributes by their sharing the same essence as the one God, but rather“the Father understands because the Son, who is the divine wisdom, is in him. The Father loves because the Holy Ghost is in Him…” etc.

This is a novel use of perichoresis: that each member of the Trinity is dependent on the other members’ in-dwelling of them for certain divine attributes, which those persons are more characterized by; this being something that Augustine taught explicitly against.

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Books

Twombly, Charles – Perichoresis and Personhood: God, Christ and Salvation in John of Damascus  Buy  2015  134 pp.

Womack, James A. – A Comparison of Perichoresis in the Writings of Gregory of Nazianzus and John of Damascus  Ref  2005  a dissertation for Asbury Theological Seminary


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Bibliographies

Jones, Mark – ‘A (Somewhat Annotated) Bibliography on the Trinity’  2017

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Related Pages