“A people laden with iniquity… they have forsaken the Lord, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger… Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.  From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores.”

Isa. 1:4-6

“Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.”

Isa. 48:8

“Nothing but the death of Christ could put away sin.”

“Come, Lord Jesus.  All things are disjointed, but Thou bearest up the pillars.”

John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan




Original Sin

How did the First Sin Happen?




Alexander, Archibald – The Deceitfulness of Sinno date or source info, 5 paragraphs



Edwards, Jonathan – Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Deut. 32:35HTML, 1741, 38 paragraphs



Alexander, Archibald

The Misery of the Lostno date or source info, 28 paragraphs

‘Melancthon on the Nature of Sin’ in Princeton Theological Essays, pp. 218-228

Bavinck, Herman

The Greatness and Miserableness of Manfrom Our Reasonable Faith1956, p. 22-23

The Present State of the Worldfrom Our Reasonable Faith1956, p. 44-45

Berkhof, Louis

The Origin of Sin, 1950, 16 paragraphs, from his Systematic Theology

The Essential Character of Sin, 1950, 22 paragraphs, from his Systematic Theology

The Transmission of Sin, 1950, 14 paragraphs, from his Systematic Theology

The Punishment of Sin, 1950, paragraphs, from his Systematic Theology

Church of Scotland

Causes of the Lord’s Wrath Against Scotland, 1651, 10 reasons listed and then expounded on

This will break your heart.  It is perhaps the most searching and thorough confession of sin ever confessed by a national church over its land.  Examine your own life before it every year.  May our churches and lands confess our sins before God likewise.  

“If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.”  – 2 Chron. 7:14

A Humble Acknowledgment of the Sins of the Ministry of Scotland, 1651

Pastors and Elders, let us grieve and break our hearts over our sins in Christ’s ministry.  May this cause us to look to Christ for all of our righteousness, and may it spur us on to walk more humbly and closely with Him as we work in His Vineyard.  Use this in secret prayer throughout the year.  

Church members, bring reformation to our land and humbly encourage your elders with this article.

A Humble Acknowledgement of the Sins of Those Preparing for Ministry, 1651

Those preparing for the ministry, try yourselves by this heart searching and convicting piece, and look to Christ for more grace to walk worthily of Him.

Dabney, Robert – Vindicatory Justice Essential to God  1881  17 pp.

Fentiman, Travis – Jesus the Friend of Sinners, 2014, 10 paragraphs

Is Jesus friendly to the unconverted?  The Bible says Yes.

Hodge, Charles – Commentary on Rom. 5:12-21on Adam, Original Sin, Imputation, Christ, Justification, etc.

Kennedy, John – Man as Fallen in Relation to God, p. 39, 19 pages, being chapter two from his Man’s Relations to God





Serving sin in this life is like gambling in a casino: there are lots of cheap thrills, but the longer you play, the more you inevitably lose.  However, the House, God’s justice, never loses.

Edmund Calamy the Elder

“Surely sin is more opposite to God than Hell, for God is the author of Hell, God made Hell for sinners, but God is not the author of sin; and therefore, Oh my soul, do thou hate sin more than affliction, nay more than Hell itself.”




“He was holy, harmless, undefiled and separate form sinners, but the publicans and sinners felt in him an attraction.”

“He is sweet, but sin is bitter.”

John ‘Rabbi’ Duncan

“O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help.”

Hosea 13:9




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