“Thy word is truth.”
“…it was impossible for God to lie”
“For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.”
Order of Contents
Chicago Statement on Inerrancy
Proof is in the Pudding
Bible Difficulties Resolved 6+
Not Recommended 1
Quote: Winston Churchill
“We reject with scorn all those learned and labored myths… We believe that the most scientific view, the most up-to-date and rationalistic conception, will find its fullest satisfaction in taking the Bible literally… We may be sure that all these things happened just as they are set out according to Holy Writ.
The impressions these people received were faithfully recorded and have been transmitted across the centuries with far more accuracy than many of the telegraphed accounts of goings-on today. In the words of a forgotten work of Mr. Gladstone, we rest with assurance upon ‘The impregnable rock of Holy Scripture.'”
à Brakel, Wilhelmus – ch. 93, ‘Concerning the Temptation Whether God’s Word Is True’ in The Christian’s Reasonable Service, vol. 4 ed. Joel Beeke, trans. Bartel Elshout (1700; RHB, 1992/1999), pp. 199-207
a Brakel (1635-1711) was a contemporary of Voet and Witsius and was a major representative of the Dutch Further Reformation.
De Moor, Bernard – ch. 2, Concerning the Principium of Theology, or Holy Scripture in Continuous Commentary on Johannes Marckius’ Didactico-Elenctic Compendium of Christian Theology Buy (Central, SC: From Reformation to Reformation Translations, 2018) 720 pp.
22. Truth of Scripture
23. Self-Consistency of
Various – Is the Bible Infallible? Speeches in the Rev. Dr. Dods’ Case in the Free Presbytery of Glasgow… with Dr. C. Hodge of Princeton’s Letter 1878 68 pp. Charles Hodge’s three page letter is on p. 35
A charge of unorthodoxy was brought against the influential liberal, Marcus Dods, in the Free Church of Scotland. Here are the speeches against him by those defending the Bible at the presbytery level.
Warfield, B.B. – ‘The Inerrancy of the Original Autographs’ in Selected Shorter Writings, 2.580-87
Warfield has some of the best writings on Inspiration and was a great defender of the Inerrancy of the Original Autographs of the Scriptures.
Be aware, though, that, in his adoption of the ‘critical texts’ of Scripture (dug up in the mid-1800’s) and the philosophy behind them, Warfield did quietly drop the doctrine of the special, providential preservation of the Scriptures through the New Testament era *in all ages* (as WCF 1.8 states: “and by his singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical”). Warfield, unfortunately has been greatly influenctial in this regard towards those who have come after him. For a correction of this, see The Ecclesiastical Text.
‘The Infallibility of Scripture’ in Collected Writings, 1.9-15 Excerpt
‘Inspiration & Inerrancy’ in Collected Writings, 4.22-29 Excerpt
Gaussen, Louis – Theopneustia. The Bible: Its Divine Origin and Inspiration Deduced from Internal Evidence and the Testimonies of Nature, History and Science Buy 1867, 422 pages, it is also here on HTML
Urquhart, John – The Inspiration and Accuracy of the Holy Scriptures 1895 590 pp.
“The writer first studies the Scriptures inductively to ascertain its claim to inspiration, and whether or not this claim is justified. Part 2 surveys the rise of rationalism and the claims and controversies of ‘higher critics’. Part 3 evaluates these critical theories in the light of archaeological data current at that time. Although dated, this volume still contains valuable material.” – Cyril J. Barber
Young, E.J. – Thy Word is Truth Buy 1957 280 pp.
“Edward J. Young… does a marvelous job of combining doctrinal accuracy with popular readability. He also effectively addresses inerrancy, individual ‘problem texts’, and modern views of Scripture.” – Joel Beeke
“A forthright defense of the Bible as the infallible and inerrant Word of God.” – Cyril J. Barber
Gerstner, John – Bible Inerrancy Primer Buy 1965
“A brief, non-technical presentation of Biblical inerrancy.” – Cyril J. Barber
“Where should you begin reading on inerrancy? For a brief, nontechnical starter, read John H Gerstner, Bible Inerrancy Primer…” – Joel Beeke, Reader’s Guide
Lightner, Robert Paul – The Saviour and the Scriptures Buy 1966 170 pp.
“A helpful, readable book that defends inerrancy on the basis of Christ’s view of Scripture is Robert P. Lightner, the Saviour and the Scriptures.” – Joel Beeke
“Presents Christ’s view of the Scriptures and stresses His absolute reliance upon the irrevocable authority of the Word.” – Cyril J. Barber
Pinnock, Clark – A Defense of Biblical Infallibility Buy 1967 32 pp.
Pinnock wrote this solid volume early in his career when he was orthodox, before he became an Open Theist.
“Comprises the Tyndale Lecture in Biblical Theology delivered at Cambridge in 1966. Admirably answers the liberal and Neo-Orthodox theologians who have insisted that Orthodoxy’s affirmation of infallibility is irrelevant.” – Cyril J. Barber
Custer, Stewart – Does Inspiration Demand Inerrancy? Buy (Nutley, N.J.: Craig Press, 1968)
“A study of the Biblical doctrine of inspiration in the light of inerrancy. A clear, informative statement.” – Cyril J. Barber
ed. Montgomery, John W. – God’s Inerrant Word: an International Symposium on the Trustworthiness of Scripture Buy 1974
“…is a collection of superior essays written prior to [Harold] Lindsell’s books.” – Joel Beeke
The Battle for the Bible Buy 1976
“Harold Lindsell… gave the inerrancy debate fresh impetus by documenting evidence of substantial erosion of commitment to this doctrine in evangelical denominations and schools. In a sequel volume, the Bible in the balance… Lindsell fleshes out his arguments, answers his critics, and cites further inerrancy erosion in churches and schools.” – Joel Beeke
The Bible in the Balance Buy 1979
Joel Beeke: “Some of the best material on the Reformed view of inerrancy can be found in several collections of essays [by various evangelicals, many of whom are not reformed] published in the 1980’s, including:”
ed. Nicole, Roger & J. Ramsey Michaels – Inerrancy and Common Sense Buy (Grand Rapids, Baker: 1980)
Geisler, Norman – Inerrancy Buy (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1980)
Packer, J.I. – Beyond the Battle for the Bible Buy (Westchester, IL: Cornerstone, 1980)
“…deals with the sufficiency of Scripture in a lengthy chapter on how to use Scripture in public and private. It also addresses the current debate on inerrancy.” – Joel Beeke, Reader’s Guide
ed. Carson, D.A. & John Woodbridge – Scripture and Truth Buy (Zondervan, 1983
ed. Hannah, John – Inerrancy and the Church Buy (Moody Press, 1984)
Lewis, Gordon & Bruce Demarest – Challenges to Inerrancy: a Theological Response Buy (Moody Press, 1984)
Radmacher, Earl & Preus, Robert – Hermeneutics, Inerrancy, and the Bible Buy (Zondervan, 1984)
Preus (1924-1995) was a conservative Lutheran pastor, professor and seminary president associated with the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod.
ed. Youngblood, Ronald – Evangelicals and Inerrancy Buy (Thomas Nelson, 1984)
Conn, Harvie – Inerrancy and Hermeneutics Buy (Baker, 1988)
On the History of the Doctrine of Inerrancy
Montgomery, John W. – ‘Lessons from Luther on the Inerrancy of Holy Writ’ 26 pp. in God’s Inerrant Word: a Symposium on the Trustworthiness of Scripture
The significance of these resources on Calvin is that Neo-Orthodox theologians of the early and mid-1900’s, as well as today, claim that Calvin held to the authority of God’s Word, but not the Inerrancy of it, and that Christ’s nature as the Word of God is at odds with Scripture being the Word of God, as if Calvin was a Neo-Orthodox theologian.
Nicole, Roger – ‘John Calvin and Inerrancy’ 18 pp.
Murray, John – Calvin on Scripture and Divine Sovereignty Buy 84 pp.
“John Murray was not only one of the most renowned twentieth-century representatives of classical Reformed theology, but also a highly-respected interpreter of Calvin. Here we have Murray’s vigorous refutation of arguments suggesting that Calvin did not teach the inerrancy of Scripture. Murray also demonstrates that Calvin did not consider Christ’s identity as the divine Word to be in any way prejudicial to Scripture being the very Word of God as well.” – Sherman Isbell
Gerstner, John – ‘Warfield’s Case for Biblical Inerrancy’ 24 pp. in God’s Inerrant Word: a Symposium on the Trustworthiness of Scripture
Warfield has some of the best writings on Inspiration and was a great defender of the Inerrancy of the Original Autographs of the Scriptures. Be aware, though, that, in his adoption of the ‘critical texts’ of Scripture (dug up in the mid-1800’s) and the philosophy behind them, Warfield did quietly drop the doctrine of the special, providential preservation of the Scriptures through the New Testament era *in all ages* (as WCF 1.8 states: “and by his singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical”). Warfield, unfortunately has been greatly influenctial in this regard towards those who have come after him. For a correction of this, see The Ecclesiastical Text.
The Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy 1978
Sproul, R.C. – Explaining Inerrancy: a Commentary Buy 51 pp.
The Proof is in the Pudding
To see the complete truthfulness of the Scriptural accounts demonstrated in detail, see the ‘Authenticity’ section at the end of each commentary section that we have on most books of the Bible:
Bible Difficulties Resolved
Below are the top 5 recommendations (from this document) of Dr. Leslie McFall (a late, evangelical Biblical chronologist) out of 120 works from the pre-1900’s era that are in Cambridge University’s library.
McFall said, “If you are stuck for time, consult Manasseh Ben Israel first then Baruh.”
Manasseh Ben Israel – The Conciliator of R. Manasseh ben Israel; a Reconcilement of the Apparent Contradictions in Holy Scripture, to which are added Explanatory Notes, and Biographical Notices of the Quoted Authorities, vol. 1 (Gen-Dt), 2 (Josh-End of OT) rep. 1842 The books of the canon are in the Hebrew order.
Manasseh (1605-1657) was a Jew.
“It is an excellent work because it gives solutions from a good grasp of Jewish literature and Jewish exegetical tradition. This was used by Thaddaeus in his 1662 work.” – Dr. Leslie McFall
Streat, William H. – The Dividing of the Hoof: or, Seeming-Contradictions Throughout Sacred Scriptures, Distinguish’d, Resolv’d and Appl’d 1654
Streat (c.1600-1666) was a reformed puritan. Spurgeon in his commentary on the Psalms quotes from Streat numerous times.
“Really a commentary on the whole Bible. A very useful work.” – Dr. Leslie McFall
Baruh, Raphael – Critica Sacra Examined: or an Attempt to show that a New Method may be found to Reconcile the Seemingly Glaring Variations in Parallel Passages of Scripture and that such variations consequently, are of no proofs of corruptions, or mistakes, of transcribers 1775 270 pp.
Baruh sometimes goes under the name of Henry Owen.
“He is good on differences between Chronicles-Samuel-Kings parallel passages. I have made out an Index for it.” – Dr. Leslie McFall
Platts, John – A New Self-Interpreting Testament Containing Many Thousands of Various Readings and Parallel Passages . . . a Reconciliation of Seeming Contradictions... vol. 1, 2, 3 (Rom-2 Tim), 4 1827
Platts (d. 1837) was an English Unitarian and compiler of reference works.
Arndt, William Frederick – Does the Bible Contradict Itself? Buy 5th ed. (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House)
“An unusually illuminating discussion of alleged contradictions in the Bible. Not complete, but helpful.” – Cyril J. Barber
Tarnow, Johann – Biblical Excercitations: in which the Truth and Genuine Sense of Difficult Places in Scripture… is diligently inquired into and Defended (1619) Index of Scripture places explained
Tarnow (1586-1629) was a Lutheran.
Voet, Gisbert – 4. ‘Of the Unsolvable Things (so Called) of Scripture’ in Select Theological Disputations (Utrecht: Waesberg, 1648), vol. 1, pp. 47-64
Berkouwer, G.C. – Holy Scripture (1975)
Berkouwer (1903-1996) was a leading Dutch, reformed theologian of the mid-1900’s, whose doctrinally works are generally sound and good (except for his work here and his book on Election). He was a professor of systematic theology at the Free University of Amsterdam.
“A word of warning… Berkouwer qualifies inerrancy by disassociating it from historical and scientific exactness. He neglects to spell out the dangerous consequences of tolerating arbitrary rejection of selected Scriptures.” – Joel Beeke