Ruling Elders

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Articles

Guthrie, James – A Treatise of Ruling Elders and Deacons  

Guthrie (1612?–1661) was a Scottish covenanter.

Binnie, William – The Ruling Eldership, p. 122, 9 pp.  from The Church

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Books

Gillespie, George – An Assertion of the Government of the Church of Scotland in the Points of Ruling Elders, etc.  EEBO  1641  270 pp.

The classic, and fullest, historic, reformed piece on the office of the ruling elder.  Gillespie sets forth the (right) view that the ruling elder is a distinct office from minister, is not a lay-position, and is still an ‘elder’, or Biblical ‘presbyter’.

Miller, Samuel – The Warrant, Nature and Duties of the Office of Ruling Elder  1842  310 pp.

Miller follows the paradigm of Gillespie and was the last American to get the office right, before the American presbyterians mainly in the north, Hodge, Smyth, etc., and the presbyterians in the South, Thornwell, Dabney, Breckinridge, etc. went separate directions. 

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Quotes

Samuel Rutherford was one of the Westminster Divines

Peaceable and Temperate Plea for Paul’s Presbytery in Scotland, 1642, London

Ch. 20, Whether or not the government of the Church of Scotland can be proved by God’s Word to be lawful?

11th Article, Elders and Deacons

Elders help the Pastors in governing, but labor not in the Word and Doctrine, 1 Tim 5:17, and yet visit the sick, oversee the ways and manners of the people, and so rule with diligence, Rom. 12:8; 1 Cor. 12:28, and judge with pastors and doctors, Matt 18:18-20

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Lex Rex, Sprinkle Edition, p. 216, speaking of his Anglican opponent

“…his invectives against ruling elders, falsely called lay-elders…”

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Related Pages