Guthrie, James – A Treatise of Ruling Elders and Deacons
Guthrie (1612?–1661) was a Scottish covenanter.
Binnie, William – The Ruling Eldership, p. 122, 9 pp. from The Church
Gillespie, George – An Assertion of the Government of the Church of Scotland in the Points of Ruling Elders, etc. EEBO 1641 270 pp.
The classic, and fullest, historic, reformed piece on the office of the ruling elder. Gillespie sets forth the (right) view that the ruling elder is a distinct office from minister, is not a lay-position, and is still an ‘elder’, or Biblical ‘presbyter’.
Miller, Samuel – The Warrant, Nature and Duties of the Office of Ruling Elder 1842 310 pp.
Miller follows the paradigm of Gillespie and was the last American to get the office right, before the American presbyterians mainly in the north, Hodge, Smyth, etc., and the presbyterians in the South, Thornwell, Dabney, Breckinridge, etc. went separate directions.
Samuel Rutherford was one of the Westminster Divines
Peaceable and Temperate Plea for Paul’s Presbytery in Scotland, 1642, London
Ch. 20, Whether or not the government of the Church of Scotland can be proved by God’s Word to be lawful?
11th Article, Elders and Deacons
Elders help the Pastors in governing, but labor not in the Word and Doctrine, 1 Tim 5:17, and yet visit the sick, oversee the ways and manners of the people, and so rule with diligence, Rom. 12:8; 1 Cor. 12:28, and judge with pastors and doctors, Matt 18:18-20.
Lex Rex, Sprinkle Edition, p. 216, speaking of his Anglican opponent
“…his invectives against ruling elders, falsely called lay-elders…”